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Carsten Karel Willem de Dreu (born 6 July 1966, Borger) is a behavioral scientist, Professor of Psychology at Leiden University and Behavioral Economics at the University of Amsterdam and member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. He received his PhD in social and organizational psychology from the University of Groningen (1993) and was president of the European Association of Social Psychology (2008 – 2011) and the International Association for Conflict Management (2000 – 2002). In 2016 he was named Distinguished Research Fellow at the University of Oxford.
De Dreu works at the intersection of social psychology, (neuro)biology, and behavioral economics. He studies the neurobiological origins, contextual plasticity, and cognitive and strategic consequences of cooperative versus competitive motivation in negotiation and conflict resolution, group decision making, and conflict and competition within and between groups. In addition, he examines the various functions of social conflict within and between groups for individual health and well-being, creativity and innovation, and team performance in work organizations. His research uses a mixture of laboratory experiments, organizational field studies, and meta-analyses. With Laurie Weingart and Evert van de Vliert, he conducted pioneering work on the influence of different types of conflict—whether task or relationship focused—on team performance, innovation, and job satisfaction Furthermore, he uncovered a key role for social preferences in predicting succesfull negotiation and dispute resolution. With Matthijs Baas and Bernard Nijstad he developed the Dual Pathway to Creativity Model, which predicts creative cognition and performance as the result of loose, flexible thinking on the one hand, and persistent, effortful processing on the other. His most recent work focuses on attack-defense dynamics during intergroup conflict and the neurohormonal bases of self-sacrifice. Using behavioral game theory and neuroscience methods, he showed how the hypothalamic neuropeptide oxytocin modelates self-sacrifice and defensive aggression in human decision-making during intergroup conflict.
Awards and honors
- Outstanding Dissertation Award, International Association for Conflict Management (1994)
- Jos Jaspers Early Career Award, European Association of Social Psychology (1996)
- Most influential Article Award (with Laurie Weingart), Academy of Management (2009)
- Fellow, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 2009
- Fellow, Association for Psychological Science, 2010
- William A Owens Scholarly Achievement Award (with Michele J. Gelfand), Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (2014)
- Fellow, Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences, 2012
- Kurt Lewin Medal, European Association of Social Psychology (2014)
- Dr Hendrik Muller Prize, Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences 2015
- Ed and Carole Diener Award for Social Psychology (2017); Society for Personality and Social Psychology
- European Research Council Advanced Grant (2018)
- De Dreu, C.K.W., Weingart, L.R., & Kwon, S. (2000). "Influence of social motives on integrative negotiation: A meta-analytical review and test of two theories." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 889–905.
- De Dreu, C.K.W., & Weingart, L.R. (2003). "Task Versus Relationship Conflict, Team Performance and Team Member Satisfaction: A Meta-analysis." Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 741-749.
- De Dreu, C.K.W. (2006). "When too much and too little hurts: Evidence for a curvilinear relationship between task conflict and innovation in teams." Journal of Management, 32, 83 – 107.
- De Dreu, C.K.W., Nijstad, B.A., & Van Knippenberg, D. (2008). "Motivated information processing in group judgment and decision making." Personality and Social Psychology Review, 12, 22 – 49.
- De Dreu, C.K.W., Greer, L.L., Handgraaf. M.J.J., Shalvi, S., Van Kleef, G.A., Baas, M., Ten Velden, F.S., Van Dijk, E., & Feith, S.W.W. (2010). "The neuropeptide oxytocin regulates parochial altruism in intergroup conflict among humans." Science, 328, 1408 - 1411.
- Prof. dr. C.K.W. de Dreu, 1966 - at the UvA Album Academicum website.
- "Employee website prof. dr. C. K. W. de Dreu". University of Amsterdam. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Member's page of Carsten de Dreu". Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences). Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Past EA(E)SP Executive Committees" (PDF). European Association of Social Psychology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Past IACM Boards of Directors". International Association for Conflict Management. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Professional Profile of Carsten De Dreu". Social Psychology Network (Scott Plous). Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- De Dreu, C.K.W., & Weingart, L.R. (2003). Task Versus Relationship Conflict, Team Perfomance and Team Member Satisfaction: A Meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 741-749.
- De Dreu, C.K.W., & Van de Vliert, E. (1997, Eds.). Using conflict in organizations. London: Sage (pp. 1 - 229).
- Boot, N.C., Baas, M., Van Gaal, S., Cools, R., & De Dreu, C.K.W. (2017). Creative Cognition and Dopaminergic Modulation of Fronto-striatal Networks: Integrative Review and Research Agenda. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 78, 13 – 23.
- Hedonic tone and activation in the mood – creativity link: Towards a Dual Pathway to Creativity model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 739 – 756.
- De Dreu, C.K.W., Gross J.A.J., Meder, Z., Griffin, M.R., Prochazkova, E., Krikeb, J., & Columbus, S. (2016). In-group defense, out-group aggression, and coordination failure in intergroup conflict. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 113, 10524 – 10529.
- Greg Miller (2010), The prickly side of oxytocin, Science, 328, 1343
- De Dreu, C.K.W., Greer, L.L., Van Kleef, G.A., Shalvi, S., & Handgraaf, M.J.J. (2011). Oxytocin promotes human ethnocentrism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 108, 1262-1266.
- "IACM Outstanding Dissertation Award Award Recipients". International Association for Conflict Management. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Jos Jaspars Awards". European Association for Social Psychology. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "2009 CMD Award Winners". Academy of Management - Conflict Management Division. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "2014 William A. Owens Scholarly Achievement Award". Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Inc. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
- "Kurt Lewin Awards". European Association of Social Psychology. Retrieved 13 November 2014.