C minor

Wikipedia open wikipedia design.

C minor
E-flat-major c-minor.svg
Relative keyE major
Parallel keyC major
Dominant keyG minor
SubdominantF minor
Component pitches
C, D, E, F, G, A, B

C minor is a minor scale based on C, consisting of the pitches C, D, E, F, G, A, and B. Its key signature consists of three flats. Its relative major is E major and its parallel major is C major.

The C natural minor scale is:

 {
\override Score.TimeSignature #'stencil = ##f
\relative c' {
  \clef treble \key c \minor \time 7/4
  c4^\markup "C natural minor scale" d es f g aes bes c bes aes g f es d c2
} }

Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary. The C harmonic minor and melodic minor scales are:

 {
\override Score.TimeSignature #'stencil = ##f
\relative c' {
  \clef treble \key c \minor \time 7/4
  c4^\markup "C harmonic minor scale" d es f g aes b c b aes g f es d c2
} }
 {
\override Score.TimeSignature #'stencil = ##f
\relative c' {
  \clef treble \key c \minor \time 7/4
  c4^\markup "C melodic minor scale (ascending and descending)" d es f g a b c bes! aes! g f es d c2
} }

Characteristics[edit]

In the Baroque period, music in C minor was usually written with a two-flat key signature, and some modern editions of that repertoire retain that convention.

Joseph Haydn wrote the first piano sonata, No. 20, in C minor (H.XVI No. 20). Of the two piano concertos that Mozart wrote in a minor key, one of them (No. 24, K. 491) is in C minor.

Beethoven wrote some of his most characteristic works in the key of C minor, including the Symphony No. 5 and no fewer than three piano sonatas. (See Beethoven and C minor.)

Brahms's first symphony and first string quartet were composed in C minor; these were both genres with which Beethoven was closely associated during Brahms's lifetime.

Three of Anton Bruckner's ten numbered symphonies are in C minor, as are two of Dmitri Shostakovich's symphonies.

Notable compositions[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to C minor at Wikimedia Commons



This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by contributors (read/edit).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.

Destek