Wilmersdorf

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Wilmersdorf
Quarter of Berlin
Rüdesheimer Platz
Rüdesheimer Platz
Coat of arms of Wilmersdorf
Coat of arms
Wilmersdorf  is located in Germany
Wilmersdorf
Wilmersdorf
Location of Wilmersdorf in Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf and Berlin
Berlin Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf Wilmersdorf.png
Coordinates: 52°29′00″N 13°19′00″E / 52.48333°N 13.31667°E / 52.48333; 13.31667Coordinates: 52°29′00″N 13°19′00″E / 52.48333°N 13.31667°E / 52.48333; 13.31667
Country Germany
State Berlin
City Berlin
Borough Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf
Founded 1220
Area
 • Total 7.16 km2 (2.76 sq mi)
Elevation 43 m (141 ft)
Population (2016-06-30)
 • Total 100,114
 • Density 14,000/km2 (36,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes (nr. 0402) 10707, 10709, 10711, 10713, 10715, 10717, 10719, 14197, 14199
Vehicle registration B

Wilmersdorf (About this sound German pronunciation ), an inner-city locality of Berlin, lies south-west of the central city. Formerly a borough by itself, Wilmersdorf became part of the new borough of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf in Berlin's 2001 administrative reform.

History[edit]

Synagogue of Wilmersdorf, 1930

The village near Berlin was first mentioned in 1293 as Wilmerstorff, probably founded in the course of the German Ostsiedlung under the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg. From the 1850s on Deutsch-Wilmersdorf was developed as a densely settled, affluent residential area, which in 1920 became a part of Greater Berlin. The former borough of Wilmersdorf included the localities of Halensee, Schmargendorf and Grunewald.

During the era of the Weimar Republic Wilmersdorf was a popular residential area for artists and intellectuals.

In 1923 the foundation stone for the first mosque in Germany was laid on the initiative of some islamic students in Wilmersdorf. It was completed in 1925. The so called Wilmersdorfer Moschee (Mosque of Wilmersdorf) is still owned and maintained by the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement.

In 1933, the year in which Hitler came to power, 13.5% of the population was Jewish; many of them were deported by the Nazis from Berlin-Grunewald Station. Deutsche Bahn established a memorial on 27 January 1998 at the historic track 17 ("Gleis 17"), where most of the deportation trains departed.

The synagogue of Wilmersdorf in the Prinzregentenstraße was destroyed by the Nazis in the Reichsprogromnacht on 9–10 November 1938. A memorial plaque commemorates the former synagogue. A new synagogue and community centre was established 2007 in the Münstersche Straße for the growing Jewish community in Wilmersdorf.

Sights[edit]

Education[edit]

Berlin University of the Arts, faculty of music

Higher Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

  • Comenius-Schule, a primary school, is in Wilmersdorf.[1]
  • Halensee-Grundschule, a primary school, is in Halensee, near Wilmersdorf.[2]
  • Svenska Skolan Berlin, Swedish School Berlin
  • Katholische Grundschule Sankt Ludwig, a catholic primary school
  • Nelson-Mandela-School, International School
  • Goethe-Gymnasium, one of the most popular secondary schools in Berlin
  • Annie Heuser Schule, a private Waldorf education school

Weekend schools[edit]

  • Zentrale Schule fur Japanisch Berlin e.V. (共益法人ベルリン中央学園補習授業校 Kyōeki Hōjin Berurin Chūō Gakuen Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a weekend Japanese supplementary school, is held at the[3] - Established April 1997.[4] The Japanische Ergänzungsschule in Berlin e.V. (ベルリン日本語補習授業校 Berurin Nihongo Hoshū Jugyō Kō), another weekend Japanese school, is held at Halensee-Grundschule.[5]

Notable people[edit]

  • Plaque commemorating Maria von Maltzan, Detmolder Straße 11
    Paul Abraham, composer of operettas, lived in Wilmersdorf, before he left Germany in 1933.
  • Jérôme Boateng, footballer for Bayern Munich and Germany, grew up in the area.[6]
  • Berthold Brecht, poet, lived in Wilmersdorf with his partner Helene Weigel, until they left Germany in 1933.
  • Marlene Dietrich, actress, lived with her husband and her family in Wilmersdorf, before they finally left Germany in 1933.
  • Franz Pfemfert, published Die Aktion, the anti-nationalist, anti-militarist expressionist journal from premises at Nassauische Straße 17, 1911-1932.
  • Margarete Kahn, one of the first women to obtain a doctorate in Germany, Holocaust victim. Lived at 127 Rudolstädter Straße.
  • Erich Kästner, author and poet, lived in Wilmersdorf, while he wrote Emil and the Detectives, one of the most famous children's novels in Germany. The view out of his window with the colorful street scene at the Prager Platz was the inspiration for the book.
  • Maria von Maltzan, German countess, part of the german resistance against Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party, saved the lives of many Jews in Berlin. Lived at Detmolder Straße 11, 1909-1997.

Photogallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Comenius-Schule." City of Berlin. Retrieved on April 6, 2015. "Comenius-Schule Gieselerstr. 4 10713 Berlin–Wilmersdorf"
  2. ^ "Halensee-Grundschule." City of Berlin. Retrieved on April 2, 2015. "Halensee-Grundschule Joachim-Friedrich-Str. 35-36 10711 Berlin–Wilmersdorf"
  3. ^ "欧州の補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在" (Archive). MEXT. Retrieved on May 10, 2014. "c/o Comenius-Schule Gieselerstr. 4, 10713 Berlin, GERMANY"
  4. ^ "Deutsch." Zentrale Schule fur Japanisch Berlin e.V.. Retrieved on April 6, 2015. "Die Zentrale Schule für Japanisch Berlin e.V. wurde im April 1997 als gemeinnütziger Verein durch eine Elterninitiative gegründet, um Kindern und Jugendlichen aus japanischen, deutschen und interkulturellen Familien die Möglichkeit zu geben, ihre japanischen Sprachkenntnisse in Wort und Schrift zu erhalten und weiter zu entwickeln."
  5. ^ "2014 年度" (Archive). Japanische Erganzungsschule in Berlin. Retrieved on February 14, 2015. "Japanische Ergänzungsschule in Berlin e.V. c/o Halensee - Grundschule Joachim - Friedrich - Str. 35/36 10711 Berlin"
  6. ^ "The Boateng Brothers' World Cup Duel". Spiegel Online. 16 April 2010. Retrieved 26 January 2012. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Wilmersdorf at Wikimedia Commons




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