Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria
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|Archduke Ludwig Viktor|
|Born||15 May 1842|
Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria
|Died||18 January 1919 (aged 76)|
Schloss Klessheim, Austria
|Father||Archduke Franz Karl of Austria|
|Mother||Princess Sophie of Bavaria|
Archduke Ludwig Viktor Joseph Anton of Austria (15 May 1842 – 18 January 1919) from the House of Habsburg was the youngest son born to Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and Princess Sophie of Bavaria and younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria.
He was born in Vienna shortly after his sister Archduchess Maria Anna had died at four years of age, followed by a stillborn brother. His elder siblings included Emperor Franz Joseph, Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico and Archduke Karl Ludwig.
During the Revolutions of 1848 and the Vienna Uprising, Ludwig Viktor and his royal family had to flee the Austrian capital, at first to Innsbruck, later to Olomouc. Ludwig Viktor pursued the usual military career and was appointed General of the Infantry, but had no intentions to interfere in politics. He rejected his brother Maximilian's ambitions in the Second Mexican Empire and especially plans to marry him to Princess Imperial Isabel, daughter of Emperor Pedro II of Brazil. Instead he concentrated on building up his own art collection and had Heinrich von Ferstel design and build a city palace on the new Schwarzenbergplatz in Vienna, where Ludwig Viktor hosted homophile soirées.
Despite his mother's attempts to arrange a marriage for him with Duchess Sophie Charlotte in Bavaria, youngest sister of Empress Elisabeth, he remained a bachelor all his life. He was openly homosexual and known for transvestitism. After a scandalous incident at the Central Bathhouse Vienna in which he was publicly slapped, his brother Emperor Franz Joseph finally forbade him to stay in Vienna and joked that he should be given a ballerina as adjutant to keep him out of trouble.
Ludwig Viktor retired to Klessheim Palace near Salzburg where he became known as a philanthropist and patron of the arts. He died in 1919, at the age of 76, and is buried at the Siezenheim cemetery. He was the last surviving grandchild of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor.
Titles, styles and honours
Titles and styles
- 15 May 1842 – 18 January 1919 His Imperial and Royal Highness Archduke Ludwig Victor of Austria
He received the following orders and decorations:
- Austrian Empire:
- Sovereign Military Order of Malta: Bailiff Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion, with Distinction for Jerusalem
- Russian Empire:
- United Kingdom: Honorary Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, 9 October 1903
- Kingdom of Prussia:
- France: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour
- Kingdom of Italy: Knight of the Annunciation, 21 September 1873
- Kingdom of Bavaria: Knight of St. Hubert, 1867
- Kingdom of Saxony: Knight of the Rue Crown, 1865
- Spain: Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III, 28 September 1891
- Württemberg: Grand Cross of the Württemberg Crown, 1867
- Sweden-Norway: Knight of the Seraphim, 19 April 1885
- Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold
- Kingdom of Greece: Grand Cross of the Redeemer
- Kingdom of Romania: Grand Cross of the Star of Romania
- Principality of Serbia:
- Siam: Knight of the Order of the Royal House of Chakri, 23 June 1897
- Grand Duchy of Hesse: Grand Cross of the Ludwig Order, 26 July 1858
- Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: Grand Cross of the White Falcon, 2 September 1864
- Mecklenburg: Grand Cross of the Wendish Crown, with Crown in Ore
- Nassau Ducal Family: Knight of the Gold Lion of Nassau
- Brunswick: Grand Cross of Henry the Lion, 1876
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order
|Ancestors of Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria|
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- Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Herzogtums Braunschweig für das Jahr 1897, "Herzogliche Orden Heinrich des Löwen" p. 10
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 6. p. 257 – via Wikisource.
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 7. p. 149 – via Wikisource.
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1860). . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 6. p. 208 – via Wikisource.
- Wurzbach, Constantin, von, ed. (1861). . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). 7. p. 81 – via Wikisource.
- Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 94.
- "Karoline Friederike Wilhelmine Königin von Bayern". Haus der Bayerischen Geschichte [House of Bavarian History] (in German). Bavarian Ministry of State for Wissenschaft and Kunst. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
- Helmut Neuhold: Das andere Habsburg. Homoerotik im österreichischen Kaiserhaus, Tectum-Verlag
Media related to Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria at Wikimedia Commons
Ludwig Viktor - 'Archduke Luziwuzi' at The World of The Habsburgs