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|Minister of Finance of Chile|
11 March 2006 – 11 March 2010
|Preceded by||Nicolás Eyzaguirre|
|Succeeded by||Felipe Larraín|
|Dean of LSE School of Public Policy|
|Assumed office |
17 September 2018
|Born||30 August 1960|
|Political party||Citizens (2013–)|
|Alma mater||Yale University|
Andrés Velasco Brañes (Spanish pronunciation: [anˈdɾes βeˈlasko]; born August 30, 1960) is a Chilean economist and professor who served as Minister of Finance in the first government of President Michelle Bachelet from March 2006 to March 2010. He is currently the Dean of the School of Public Policy at the London School of Economics.
Early life and education
The son of former radical politician Eugenio Velasco and lawyer Marta Brañes, Velasco was born in Santiago, where he lived until the age of 16. Following the exile of his father in 1977, the whole family moved to the US, first to Los Angeles and then to Boston. He finished his secondary school studies at Groton School, Groton, MA. He holds a PhD in economics from Columbia University. He took postdoctorate studies at Harvard University and at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Earlier, he obtained his bachelor's degree in economics and philosophy at Yale University, and a master's degree in international relations at the same university. He is Sumitomo-FASID professor of Development and International Finance at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government.
Velasco served as director of New York University's Center for Latin-American and Caribbean Studies and assistant professor at Columbia University's Department of Economics and Public Affairs. He was Chile's Ministry of Finance Chief of Staff between 1990 and 1992, International Finance coordinator between 1992 and 1994, and North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) negotiator in 1995. From 2000 to 2006, he was Sumitomo-FASID professor of Development and International Finance at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government.
Between 2001 and February 2006 Velasco was an associate researcher at the Corporation for Latin-American Research (Cieplán) and president of the board of Corporación Expansiva. He was also a consultant for the International Monetary Fund, the Inter-American Development Bank, the World Bank, Economist Intelligence Unit's Government Round Tables, and for the governments of the Dominican Republic, Mexico and El Salvador.
Minister of Finance
When the price of copper reached all-time highs in 2006, boosting government revenues, Velasco resisted intense political pressure from government workers and students to spend the windfall. Instead he opted to hold it in reserves equivalent to 30% of the country's GDP. The majority of this increase came from state-owned copper miner Codelco, whose profit contribution, in the form of taxes and dividends, provides approximately 13 percent of government revenues. The minister’s frugality enabled Chile to generate its largest budget surpluses in recent memory and the country became the only net creditor Latin American country. After the copper price plummeted following the 2007-2010 global financial crisis, threatening the Chilean economy, Velasco then used these reserves on stimulus spending for subsidies and tax cuts policies now being praised for their positive social impact His popularity reversed from one of the most reviled politicians to one of the most admired.
Political leadership and presidential candidate
After serving as Chilean Finance Minister, Velasco expressed his intention to run for President of Chile, during a July 2011 interview with Que Pasa, a Chilean television program. Velasco ran in the primary of the Nueva Mayoría, a coalition of centre-left parties in Chile.
Velasco officially launched his candidacy on May 15, 2012. In the June 30th primary, Velasco achieved second place with 13% of the popular vote total. Velasco finished second behind former Chilean President Michelle Bachelet.
On October 7, 2012, Velasco started a new political movement called Fuerza Pública, which was later renamed Ciudadanos (“Citizens"). Velasco became president of the Ciudadanos party on December 11, 2016. He competed in the parliamentary elections of 2017 for a senatorial seat representing the Maule region. He obtained 10.5% of the votes and narrowly missed being elected senator.
Return to academia
In August 2018, Velasco became the inaugural dean of the newly created LSE School of Public Policy, which is housed at the London School of Economics and Political Science. During its launch ceremony in November 2018, he remarked that the School of Public Policy will strive “to understand the causes of things for the betterment of society,” as outlined by LSE's founders.[non-primary source needed] As dean, Velasco serves as a frequent speaker at campus events, teaches a course on macroeconomics, and hosts monthly dean dialogues aimed at providing students with a platform for discussion.
Since 2001, Velasco has written a bimonthly column for Project Syndicate. As dean, he has continued to write articles on a wide range of topics for Project Syndicate, including populism and macroeconomic policy.
In 2021, Velasco was appointed to the World Bank–International Monetary Fund High-Level Advisory Group (HLAG) on Sustainable and Inclusive Recovery and Growth, co-chaired by Mari Pangestu, Ceyla Pazarbasioglu, and Nicholas Stern.[non-primary source needed]
Velasco has received several distinctions, including: the Award for Excellence in Research granted by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), in recognition of contributions to economic research, the design of policies, and the creation of research institutions in Latin America and the Caribbean (2006); "Latin America Finance Minister of the Year" by Emerging Markets magazine published by Euromoney Institutional Investor plc during the annual meetings of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, based on the preferences of the most influential economists, investors and experts in the region (2008); an award from América Economía magazine, which also considered him as "Finance Minister of the Year";[when?] and Latin Trade magazine's prize for the "Most Innovative Leader of the Year" (2009).
- Advanced Macroeconomics: An Easy Guide. Filipe Campante, Federico Sturzenegger, Andrés Velasco. London: LSE Press, 2021 
- Trade, Development and the World Economy: Selected Essays of Carlos Díaz-Alejandro. A. Velasco, Editor. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1988. 
- Vox Populi (novel). Santiago: Editorial Sudamericana, 1995.
- Lugares Comunes ("Common Places" / novel). Santiago: Editorial Planeta, 2003.
- Free Trade and Beyond: Prospects for Integration in the Americas. A. Estevaordal, D. Rodrik, A. Taylor and A. Velasco (eds.). Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004.
- "1990—2011 - Ministerio de Hacienda". Archived from the original on 2011-08-04. Retrieved 2011-07-18.
- "LSE appoints Dean of new School of Public Policy". London School of Economics and Political Science. 17 September 2018. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- https://www.bloomberg.com.au/apps/news?pid=20601109&sid=aKqLXbopcqLA[permanent dead link]
- Safarova, Kristina. "Ten Ways for CEOs to Turnaround SOEs". Ivey Business Journal. Retrieved 2022-07-14.
- "UNICEF - the Convention on the Rights of the Child - People and Partners - Andres Velasco". Archived from the original on 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2009-11-26.
- "Velasco apunta a La Moneda". Revista Qué Pasa. 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- ""Noticias" « Diario y Radio U Chile | Página 179686" (in European Spanish). Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "Servel". 2014-08-26. Archived from the original on 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "▷ Ciudadanos somos Todos - Partido político de centro en Chile". Partido Ciudadanos somos Todos (in Spanish). Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "Surprise Blow to Billionaire Sends Chile Vote to Second Round". www.bloomberg.com. 2017-11-20. Archived from the original on 2017-11-20. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "Meet Our Dean - Professor Andrés Velasco". London School of Economics and Political Science. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- "Andrés Velasco". Project Syndicate. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
- World Bank, IMF Launch High-Level Advisory Group on Sustainable and Inclusive Recovery and Growth International Monetary Fund, press release of June 15, 2021.
- "Harvard Professor Andrés Velasco Will Receive First IDB Award for Excellence in Economic Research | IADB".
- Campante, Filipe; Sturzenegger, Federico; Velasco, Andrés (2021-10-11). Advanced Macroeconomics. LSE Press. doi:10.31389/lsepress.ame. ISBN 978-1-909890-69-5. S2CID 243308844.
- "Consuelo Saavedra y Andrés Velasco tuvieron su tercer hijo | ENTRETENCIÓN | latercera.com". Archived from the original on 2012-03-17. Retrieved 2011-07-18.