Alice Clark

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Alice Clark (1 August 1874 – 11 May 1934)[1] was a British feminist and historian.


Alice was a daughter of William Stephens Clark (1839-1925) and Helen Priestman Bright (1840–1927). The Clark family were Quakers, of shoe-making fame - C. and J. Clark Ltd. Manufacturer of boots, shoes & sheepskin rugs.[1]One of Alice's sisters, Dr Hilda Clark, was an influential physician and specialist in the treatment of tuberculosis.

Alice Clark argued that in 16th century England, women were engaged in many aspects of industry and agriculture. The home was a central unit of production and women played a central role in running farms, and some trades and landed estates. Their useful economic roles gave them a sort of equality with their husbands. However, Clark argues, as capitalism expanded in the 17th century, there was more and more division of labour with the husband taking paid labour jobs outside the home, and the wife reduced to unpaid household work. Middle-class women were confined to an idle domestic existence, supervising servants; lower-class women were forced to take poorly paid jobs. Capitalism, therefore, had a negative effect on powerful women. [2]


  1. ^ a b Find a grave website. Retrieved 13 March 2013.
  2. ^ Alice Clark, Working life of women in the seventeenth century (1919).

Further reading[edit]

  • Berg, Maxine. "The first women economic historians." Economic History Review 45.2 (1992): 308–329. in JSTOR
  • Clark, Alice (1982). Working life of women in the seventeenth century. London: Routledge & K. Paul. ISBN 0-7100-9045-5.

External links[edit]

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