Al-Thawrah

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Al-Thawrah

الثورة

Tabaqah, At Tabqah[1]
City
Al-Thawrah in 1995
Al-Thawrah in 1995
Al-Thawrah is located in Syria
Al-Thawrah
Al-Thawrah
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 35°50′12″N 38°32′53″E / 35.83667°N 38.54806°E / 35.83667; 38.54806Coordinates: 35°50′12″N 38°32′53″E / 35.83667°N 38.54806°E / 35.83667; 38.54806
Country Syria
GovernorateRaqqa
Districtal-Thawrah
Subdistrictal-Thawrah
ControlAutonomous Administration of North and East Syria Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria
Elevation
328 m (1,076 ft)
Population
 (2004 census)
 • Total69,425
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)+3

Al-Thawrah (Arabic: الثورةaṯ-Ṯawrah), also known as al-Tabqah (Arabic: الطبقةaṭ-Ṯabqah; Kurdish: Tebqa‎, Classical Syriac: ܛܒܩܗ‎; official name before 8 March 1967[2]), is a city in Raqqa Governorate, Syria, approximately 55 kilometres (34 mi) west of Raqqa. The name "al-Thawrah" literally means "The Revolution", in reference to the March 8th revolution. The Tabqa Dam and Lake Assad on the Euphrates are near al-Thawrah. The city had a population of 69,425 as of the 2004 census.[3] It is part of the Tabqa Region of the Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria.

Al-Thawrah is the administrative centre of Nahiya Al-Tabqah and the Al-Thawrah District.

Syrian Civil War[edit]

Smoke rises in Tabqa after the city was hit by a Syrian Air Force airstrike in June 2013

On 26 November 2012, during the Syrian Civil War, a main route from Raqqa to Aleppo passing through al-Thawrah along the Euphrates was dotted with both government and Syrian rebel checkpoints.[4] On 11 February 2013, rebel groups including the al-Nusra Front and Liwa Owais al-Qorani took over the city.[5] On 21 November, there was fierce fighting between government troops and rebels in the town,[6] but by 25 November, the rebels were back in control. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant took control in January 2014.[7]

On 22 March 2017, SOHR reported that an international coalition airstrike killed or injured more than 40 people.[8] The BBC reported 27 killed and 40 wounded.[9] During ISIL rule, the town's Catholic, Antiochian Orthodox Church and Assyrian Church of the East churches were turned into a parking garage, a weapons factory and a barn, with ISIL militants destroying all Christian symbols on the three churches. The Shia Omar Bin al-Khatab Mosque was destroyed and an Ismaili place of worship was turned into a children's training centre.[10] The Syrian Democratic Forces captured the town in the 2017 Battle of Tabqa.[11][12]

Demographics[edit]

Prior to the Civil War, the majority of the city's inhabitants were Sunni Arabs, with Kurdish, Armenian, Assyrian as well as Ismaili and Shiite Arab minorities.[13] The Assyrian minority consisted of around 1,000 people, with about half belonging to the Assyrian Church of the East, originating from the Khabour River villages, and the other half being Syriac Orthodox Christians, along with a few Chaldean Catholic, Syriac Catholic and Protestant families.[14] But now the Christians have left and very few returned after liberation.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Al-Thawrah
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 11.1
(52.0)
13.8
(56.8)
18.5
(65.3)
24.2
(75.6)
30.3
(86.5)
35.1
(95.2)
37.7
(99.9)
37.7
(99.9)
34.2
(93.6)
27.9
(82.2)
20.0
(68.0)
12.7
(54.9)
25.3
(77.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
8.0
(46.4)
11.9
(53.4)
16.8
(62.2)
22.2
(72.0)
26.6
(79.9)
29.0
(84.2)
29.0
(84.2)
25.4
(77.7)
19.6
(67.3)
12.8
(55.0)
7.5
(45.5)
17.9
(64.2)
Average low °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
2.2
(36.0)
5.4
(41.7)
9.4
(48.9)
14.2
(57.6)
18.2
(64.8)
20.4
(68.7)
20.4
(68.7)
16.6
(61.9)
11.3
(52.3)
5.7
(42.3)
2.3
(36.1)
10.6
(51.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 37
(1.5)
24
(0.9)
34
(1.3)
25
(1.0)
15
(0.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
10
(0.4)
18
(0.7)
32
(1.3)
196
(7.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org [15]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "At Tabqah: Syria " Geographical Names
  2. ^ House, Kommersant Publishing (14 July 1973). "Ogoniok".
  3. ^ Al-Thawrah population[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Syria rebels seize dam". AAP. 26 November 2012. Archived from the original on 29 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
  5. ^ "Rebels take control of military airport in North Syria, NGO says". Now.mmedia.me. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
  6. ^ "Fierce Syria clashes on Lebanese border force government to launch tighter border policies". Al Bawaba. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013.
  7. ^ Diaa Hadid (5 January 2014). "Syrian rebels battle Al-Qaeda-linked fighters". The Daily Star.
  8. ^ "More than 40 casualties, wounded and missing in a new massacre carried out by international coalition’s warplanes in Tabaqa city", syriahr.com, 22 March 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  9. ^ "IS conflict: US airlift backs new assault near Raqqa stronghold", bbc.co.uk, 22 March 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 February 2018. Retrieved 7 February 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "US-backed Syrian forces 'fully capture' Tabqa from ISIL". Al-Jazeera. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  12. ^ "US-backed forces seize Syria's Tabqa, dam from ISIS". Agence-France Presse. Al-Arabiya. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  13. ^ https://alshahidwitness.com/eliminated-shiites-christians-ismailis-belongings/
  14. ^ "Stranded: the Forgotten Assyrians of Al-Tharwah, Syria". Assyrian International News Agency. 2 August 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Climate: Al-Thawrah". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 23 September 2018.