Afshar language

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Native toTurkey, Iran, Syria, Afghanistan
EthnicityAfshar people
Native speakers
Perso-Arabic script, Latin script
Language codes
ISO 639-3(included in azb)
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Afshar or Afshari (Azerbaijani: Əfşar türkcəsi, افشار تورکجه‌سی‎, Әфшар түркҹәси; Turkish: Afşar dili or Afşarca) is a Turkic dialect spoken in Turkey, Iran, Syria, and parts of Afghanistan by the Afshars. Ethnologue and Glottolog list it as a dialect of the South Azerbaijani language.[2]

Afshar is distinguished by many loanwords from Persian and a rounding of the phoneme /a/ to [ɒ], as occurred in Uzbek. In many cases, vowels that are rounded in Azerbaijani are not rounded in Afshar. An example of this is /jiz/ (meaning 100), which is /jyz/ in standard Azerbaijani.


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Afshari". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ "Azerbaijani, South". Ethnologue. Retrieved 4 February 2017.

See also[edit]


  • Doerfer, Gerhard; Hesche, Wolfram (1989). Südoghusische Materialen aus Afghanistan und Iran. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. ISBN 3-447-02786-X.

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