Academy Award for Best Visual Effects is an Academy Award given for the best achievement in visual effects. History of the award [ edit ]
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences first recognized the technical contributions of special effects to movies at its inaugural dinner in 1929, presenting a plaque for "
Best Engineering Effects" to the first Best Picture Oscar winner, the World War I flying drama . Wings
David O. Selznick, then production head at RKO Studios, petitioned the Academy Board of Governors to recognize the work of animator Willis O'Brien for his groundbreaking work on 1933's . King Kong
It was not until 1938 when a film was actually recognized for its effects work, when a "
Special Achievement Award for Special Effects" was given to the Paramount film . The following year, " Spawn of the North Best Special Effects" became a recognized category, although on occasion the Academy has chosen to honor a single film outright rather than nominate two or more films. From 1939 to 1963, it was an award for a film's visual effects as well as audio effects, so it was often given to two persons, although some years only one or the other type of effect was recognized. In 1964, it was given only for visual effects, and the following year the name of the category was changed to " Best Special Visual Effects".
Honorees for this award have been bestowed several times as a
Special Achievement Academy Award. In 1977, the category was given its current name " Best Visual Effects." For decades, shortlisted finalists were selected by a steering committee. They are presently chosen by the visual effects branch executive committee. 1990 was the last year there were no official nominees.  , Back to the Future Part III , Dick Tracy and Ghost advanced to a second stage of voting, but only Total Recall Total Recall received a requisite average and it was given a special achievement Oscar. 
To date, there have been three wholly animated films nominated in this category:
in 1993, The Nightmare Before Christmas in 2016, and Kubo and the Two Strings in 2019. There has been one semi-animated film nominated, which also won: The Lion King in 1988. Who Framed Roger Rabbit 
Usually, there are three nominated films. In 1979, there were five films nominated. Sometimes, no award is given. Other times, a single film is given the award outright.
In 2007, it was decided that a list of no more than 15 eligible films would be chosen, from which a maximum of seven would be shortlisted for further consideration. A vote would then proceed, with a maximum of three nominees. Since 2010, there are ten
shortlisted finalists which, using a form of range voting, produce five nominees.  No more than four people may be nominated for a single film.  
According to the official Academy Award
rules, the criteria are: (a) consideration of the contribution the visual effects make to the overall production and (b) the artistry, skill and fidelity with which the visual illusions are achieved. Filmmakers [ edit ]
A number of filmmakers have had their movies honored for their achievements in visual effects; i.e., five films produced by
George Pal, five by director/producer George Lucas, five by director James Cameron (who began his career in Hollywood as an effects technician), four by directors Richard Fleischer, Steven Spielberg and Peter Jackson, and three by director Robert Zemeckis.
Stanley Kubrick's only Oscar win was in this category, for 1968's . The film's credits list four effects contributors, including 2001: A Space Odyssey Douglas Trumbull. However, according to the rules of the Academy in effect at the time, only three persons could be nominated for their work on a single film, which would have resulted in the omission of either Trumbull, Tom Howard, Con Pederson or Wally Veevers. Ultimately, it was Kubrick's name that was submitted as a nominee in this category, resulting in his winning the award, which many consider a slight to the four men whose work contributed to the film's success.  Engineering Effects Award [ edit ]
The table below display the Oscar nominees for Best Engineering Effects.
indicates the winner Special Effects Awards [ edit ]
The tables below display the Oscar nominees for Best Special Effects including the recipients of the Special Achievement Awards.
Year Film Nominees 1940 (13th) The Thief of Bagdad Lawrence Butler (photographic); Jack Whitney (sound) The Blue Bird Fred Sersen (photographic); E. H. Hansen (sound) Boom Town A. Arnold Gillespie (photographic); Douglas Shearer (sound) The Boys from Syracuse John P. Fulton (photographic); Bernard B. Brown and Joseph Lapis (sound) Dr. Cyclops Gordon Jennings and Farciot Edouart (photographic) Foreign Correspondent Paul Eagler (photographic); Thomas T. Moulton (sound) The Invisible Man Returns John P. Fulton (photographic); Bernard B. Brown and William Hedgcock (sound) The Long Voyage Home R. T. Layton and R. O. Binger (photographic); Thomas T. Moulton (sound) One Million B.C. Roy Seawright (photographic); Elmer Raguse (sound) Rebecca Jack Cosgrove (photographic); Arthur Johns (sound) The Sea Hawk Byron Haskin (photographic); Nathan Levinson (sound) Swiss Family Robinson Vernon L. Walker (photographic); John O. Aalberg (sound) Typhoon Farciot Edouart and Gordon Jennings (photographic); Loren Ryder (sound) Women in War Howard J. Lydecker, William Bradford and Ellis J. Thackery (photographic); Herbert Norsch (sound) 1941 (14th) I Wanted Wings Farciot Edouart and Gordon Jennings (photographic); Louis Mesenkop (sound) Aloma of the South Seas Farciot Edouart and Gordon Jennings (photographic); Louis Mesenkop (sound) (Nomination withdrawn) Dive Bomber [note 5]  Byron Haskin (photographic); Nathan Levinson (sound) Flight Command A. Arnold Gillespie (photographic); Douglas Shearer (sound) The Invisible Woman Lawrence Butler (photographic); William H. Wilmarth (sound) The Sea Wolf Byron Haskin (photographic); Nathan Levinson (sound) That Hamilton Woman John Fulton (photographic); John Hall (sound) Topper Returns Roy Seawright (photographic); Elmer Raguse (sound) A Yank in the R.A.F. Fred Sersen (photographic); E. H. Hansen (sound) 1942 (15th) Reap the Wild Wind Gordon Jennings, Farciot Edouart and William Pereira (photographic); Louis Mesenkop (sound) The Black Swan Fred Sersen (photographic); Roger Heman and George Leverett (sound) Desperate Journey Byron Haskin (photographic); Nathan Levinson (sound) Flying Tigers Howard Lydecker (photographic); Daniel J. Bloomberg (sound) Invisible Agent John Fulton (photographic); Bernard B. Brown (sound) Jungle Book Lawrence Butler (photographic); William H. Wilmarth (sound) Mrs. Miniver A. Arnold Gillespie and Warren Newcombe (photographic); Douglas Shearer (sound) The Navy Comes Through Vernon L. Walker (photographic); James G. Stewart (sound) One of Our Aircraft Is Missing Ronald Neame (photographic); C. C. Stevens (sound) The Pride of the Yankees Jack Cosgrove and Ray Binger (photographic); Thomas T. Moulton (sound) 1943 (16th) Crash Dive Fred Sersen (photographic); Roger Heman (sound) Air Force Hans Koenekamp and Rex Wimpy (photographic); Nathan Levinson (sound) Bombardier Vernon L. Walker (photographic); James G. Stewart and Roy Granville (sound) The North Star Clarence Slifer and R. O. Binger (photographic); Thomas T. Moulton (sound) So Proudly We Hail! Gordon Jennings and Farciot Edouart (photographic); George Dutton (sound) Stand By for Action A. Arnold Gillespie and Donald Jahraus (photographic); Michael Steinore (sound) 1944 (17th) Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo A. Arnold Gillespie, Donald Jahraus and Warren Newcombe (photographic); Douglas Shearer (sound) The Adventures of Mark Twain Paul Detlefsen and John Crouse (photographic); Nathan Levinson (sound) Days of Glory Vernon L. Walker (photographic); James G. Stewart and Roy Granville (sound) Secret Command David Allen, Ray Cory and Robert Wright (photographic); Russell Malmgren and Harry Kusnick (sound) Since You Went Away Jack Cosgrove (photographic); Arthur Johns (sound) The Story of Dr. Wassell Farciot Edouart and Gordon Jennings (photographic); George Dutton (sound) Wilson Fred Sersen (photographic); Roger Heman (sound) 1945 (18th) Wonder Man John P. Fulton (photographic); Arthur Johns (sound) Captain Eddie Fred Sersen and Sol Halperin (photographic); Roger Heman and Harry Leonard (sound) Spellbound Jack Cosgrove (photographic) They Were Expendable A. Arnold Gillespie, Donald Jahraus and Robert A. MacDonald (photographic); Michael Steinore (sound) A Thousand and One Nights Lawrence W. Butler (photographic); Ray Bomba (sound) 1946 (19th) Blithe Spirit Thomas Howard (visual) A Stolen Life William McGann (visual); Nathan Levinson (audible) 1947 (20th) Green Dolphin Street A. Arnold Gillespie and Warren Newcombe (visual); Douglas Shearer and Michael Steinore (audible) Unconquered Farciot Edouart, Devereux Jennings, Gordon Jennings, W. Wallace Kelley and Paul Lerpae (visual); George Dutton (audible) 1948 (21st) Portrait of Jennie Paul Eagler, Joseph McMillan Johnson, Russell Shearman and Clarence Slifer (visual); Charles Freeman and James G. Stewart (audible) Deep Waters Ralph Hammeras, Fred Sersen and Edward Snyder (visual); Roger Heman (audible) 1949 (22nd) Mighty Joe Young RKO Productions Tulsa Walter Wanger Pictures Visual Effects Awards [ edit ]
The tables below display the Oscar nominees for Best Visual Effects including the recipients of the Special Achievement Awards.
Year Film Nominees 1970 (43rd) Tora! Tora! Tora! A. D. Flowers and L. B. Abbott Patton Alex Weldon 1971 (44th) Bedknobs and Broomsticks Alan Maley, Eustace Lycett and Danny Lee When Dinosaurs Ruled the Earth Jim Danforth and Roger Dicken 1972 (45th) The Poseidon Adventure [note 3] L. B. Abbott and A. D. Flowers 1973 (46th) No award given 1974 (47th) Earthquake [note 3] Frank Brendel, Glen Robinson and Albert Whitlock 1975 (48th) The Hindenburg [note 3] Albert Whitlock and Glen Robinson 1976 (49th) King Kong [note 3] Carlo Rambaldi, Glen Robinson and Frank Van der Veer Logan's Run [note 3] L. B. Abbott, Glen Robinson and Matthew Yuricich 1977 (50th) Star Wars John Stears, John Dykstra, Richard Edlund, Grant McCune and Robert Blalack Close Encounters of the Third Kind Roy Arbogast, Douglas Trumbull, Matthew Yuricich, Gregory Jein and Richard Yuricich 1978 (51st) Superman [note 3] Les Bowie, Colin Chilvers, Denys Coop, Roy Field, Derek Meddings and Zoran Perisic 1979 (52nd) Alien H. R. Giger, Carlo Rambaldi, Brian Johnson, Nick Allder and Dennis Ayling 1941 William A. Fraker, A. D. Flowers and Gregory Jein The Black Hole Peter Ellenshaw, Art Cruickshank, Eustace Lycett, Danny Lee, Harrison Ellenshaw and Joe Hale Moonraker Derek Meddings, Paul Wilson and John Evans Star Trek: The Motion Picture Douglas Trumbull, John Dykstra, Richard Yuricich, Robert Swarthe, David K. Stewart and Grant McCune
Year Film Nominees 1980 (53rd) The Empire Strikes Back [note 3] Brian Johnson, Richard Edlund, Dennis Muren and Bruce Nicholson 1981 (54th) Raiders of the Lost Ark Richard Edlund, Kit West, Bruce Nicholson and Joe Johnston Dragonslayer Dennis Muren, Phil Tippett, Ken Ralston and Brian Johnson 1982 (55th) E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Carlo Rambaldi, Dennis Muren and Kenneth F. Smith Blade Runner Douglas Trumbull, Richard Yuricich and David Dryer Poltergeist Richard Edlund, Michael Wood and Bruce Nicholson 1983 (56th) Return of the Jedi [note 3] Richard Edlund, Dennis Muren, Ken Ralston and Phil Tippett 1984 (57th) Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom Dennis Muren, Michael J. McAlister, Lorne Peterson and George Gibbs 2010 Richard Edlund, Neil Krepela, George Jenson and Mark Stetson Ghostbusters Richard Edlund, John Bruno, Mark Vargo and Chuck Gaspar 1985 (58th) Cocoon Ken Ralston, Ralph McQuarrie, Scott Farrar and David Berry Return to Oz Will Vinton, Ian Wingrove, Zoran Perisic and Michael Lloyd Young Sherlock Holmes Dennis Muren, Kit West, John R. Ellis and David W. Allen 1986 (59th) Aliens Robert Skotak, Stan Winston, John Richardson and Suzanne Benson Little Shop of Horrors Lyle Conway, Bran Ferren and Martin Gutterridge Poltergeist II: The Other Side Richard Edlund, John Bruno, Garry Waller and William Neil 1987 (60th) Innerspace Dennis Muren, William George, Harley Jessup and Kenneth F. Smith Predator Joel Hynek, Robert M. Greenberg, Richard Greenberg and Stan Winston 1988 (61st) Who Framed Roger Rabbit Ken Ralston, Richard Williams, Edward Jones and George Gibbs Die Hard Richard Edlund, Al DiSarro, Brent Boates and Thaine Morris Willow Dennis Muren, Michael J. McAlister, Phil Tippett and Chris Evans 1989 (62nd) The Abyss John Bruno, Dennis Muren, Hoyt Yeatman and Dennis Skotak The Adventures of Baron Munchausen Richard Conway and Kent Houston Back to the Future Part II Ken Ralston, Michael Lantieri, John Bell and Steve Gawley
Year Film Nominees 1990 (63rd) Total Recall [note 3] Eric Brevig, Rob Bottin, Tim McGovern and Alex Funke 1991 (64th) Terminator 2: Judgment Day Dennis Muren, Stan Winston, Gene Warren Jr. and Robert Skotak Backdraft Mikael Salomon, Allen Hall, Clay Pinney and Scott Farrar Hook Eric Brevig, Harley Jessup, Mark Sullivan and Michael Lantieri 1992 (65th) Death Becomes Her Ken Ralston, Doug Chiang, Doug Smythe and Tom Woodruff Jr. Alien 3 Richard Edlund, Alec Gillis, Tom Woodruff Jr. and George Gibbs Batman Returns Michael Fink, Craig Barron, John Bruno and Dennis Skotak 1993 (66th) Jurassic Park Dennis Muren, Stan Winston, Phil Tippett and Michael Lantieri Cliffhanger Neil Krepela, John Richardson, John Bruno and Pamela Easley The Nightmare Before Christmas Pete Kozachik, Eric Leighton, Ariel Velasco Shaw and Gordon Baker 1994 (67th) Forrest Gump Ken Ralston, George Murphy, Stephen Rosenbaum and Allen Hall The Mask Scott Squires, Steve 'Spaz' Williams, Tom Bertino and Jon Farhat True Lies John Bruno, Thomas L. Fisher, Jacques Stroweis and Patrick McClung 1995 (68th) Babe Scott E. Anderson, Charles Gibson, Neal Scanlan and John Cox Apollo 13 Robert Legato, Michael Kanfer, Leslie Ekker and Matt Sweeney 1996 (69th) Independence Day Volker Engel, Douglas Smith, Clay Pinney and Joseph Viskocil Dragonheart Scott Squires, Phil Tippett, James Straus and Kit West Twister Stefen Fangmeier, John Frazier, Habib Zargarpour and Henry La Bounta 1997 (70th) Titanic Robert Legato, Mark Lasoff, Thomas L. Fisher and Michael Kanfer The Lost World: Jurassic Park Dennis Muren, Stan Winston, Randal M. Dutra and Michael Lantieri Starship Troopers Phil Tippett, Scott E. Anderson, Alec Gillis and John Richardson 1998 (71st) What Dreams May Come Joel Hynek, Nicholas Brooks, Stuart Robertson and Kevin Mack Armageddon Richard R. Hoover, Patrick McClung and John Frazier Mighty Joe Young Rick Baker, Hoyt Yeatman, Allen Hall and Jim Mitchell 1999 (72nd) The Matrix John Gaeta, Janek Sirrs, Steve Courtley and Jon Thum Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace John Knoll, Dennis Muren, Scott Squires and Rob Coleman Stuart Little John Dykstra, Jerome Chen, Henry F. Anderson III and Eric Allard
Year Film Nominees 2000 (73rd) Gladiator John Nelson, Neil Corbould, Tim Burke and Rob Harvey Hollow Man Scott E. Anderson, Craig Hayes, Scott Stokdyk and Stan Parks The Perfect Storm Stefen Fangmeier, Habib Zargarpour, John Frazier and Walt Conti 2001 (74th) The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Jim Rygiel, Randall William Cook, Richard Taylor and Mark Stetson A.I. Artificial Intelligence Dennis Muren, Scott Farrar, Stan Winston and Michael Lantieri Pearl Harbor Eric Brevig, John Frazier, Ed Hirsh and Ben Snow 2002 (75th) The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Jim Rygiel, Joe Letteri, Randall William Cook and Alex Funke Spider-Man John Dykstra, Scott Stokdyk, Anthony LaMolinara and John Frazier Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones Rob Coleman, Pablo Helman, John Knoll and Ben Snow 2003 (76th) The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Jim Rygiel, Joe Letteri, Randall William Cook and Alex Funke Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World Dan Sudick, Stefen Fangmeier, Nathan McGuinness and Robert Stromberg Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl John Knoll, Hal Hickel, Charles Gibson and Terry Frazee 2004 (77th) Spider-Man 2 John Dykstra, Scott Stokdyk, Anthony LaMolinara and John Frazier Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban Roger Guyett, Tim Burke, John Richardson and William George I, Robot John Nelson, Andrew R. Jones, Erik Nash and Joe Letteri 2005 (78th) King Kong Joe Letteri, Brian Van't Hul, Christian Rivers and Richard Taylor The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe Dean Wright, Bill Westenhofer, Jim Berney and Scott Farrar War of the Worlds Dennis Muren, Pablo Helman, Randal M. Dutra and Dan Sudick 2006 (79th) Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest John Knoll, Hal Hickel, Charles Gibson and Allen Hall Poseidon Boyd Shermis, Kim Libreri, Chas Jarrett and John Frazier Superman Returns Mark Stetson, Neil Corbould, Richard R. Hoover and Jon Thum 2007 (80th) The Golden Compass Michael Fink, Bill Westenhofer, Ben Morris and Trevor Wood Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End John Knoll, Hal Hickel, Charles Gibson and John Frazier Transformers Scott Farrar, Scott Benza, Russell Earl and John Frazier 2008 (81st) The Curious Case of Benjamin Button Eric Barba, Steve Preeg, Burt Dalton and Craig Barron The Dark Knight Nick Davis, Chris Corbould, Tim Webber and Paul Franklin Iron Man John Nelson, Ben Snow, Dan Sudick and Shane Mahan 2009 (82nd) Avatar Joe Letteri, Stephen Rosenbaum, Richard Baneham and Andrew R. Jones District 9 Dan Kaufman, Peter Muyzers, Robert Habros and Matt Aitken Star Trek Roger Guyett, Russell Earl, Paul Kavanagh and Burt Dalton
Year Film Nominees 2010 (83rd) Inception Paul Franklin, Chris Corbould, Andrew Lockley, and Peter Bebb Alice in Wonderland Ken Ralston, David Schaub, Carey Villegas and Sean Phillips Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 Tim Burke, John Richardson, Christian Manz and Nicolas Aithadi Hereafter Michael Owens, Bryan Grill, Stephan Trojanski and Joe Farrell Iron Man 2 Janek Sirrs, Ben Snow, Ged Wright and Dan Sudick 2011 (84th) Hugo Robert Legato, Joss Williams, Ben Grossmann and Alex Henning Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 Tim Burke, David Vickery, Greg Butler and John Richardson Real Steel Erik Nash, John Rosengrant, Dan Taylor and Swen Gillberg Rise of the Planet of the Apes Joe Letteri, Dan Lemmon, R. Christopher White and Daniel Barrett Transformers: Dark of the Moon Scott Farrar, Scott Benza, Matthew E. Butler and John Frazier 2012 (85th) Life of Pi Bill Westenhofer, Guillaume Rocheron, Erik-Jan de Boer and Donald R. Elliott The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Joe Letteri, Eric Saindon, David Clayton and R. Christopher White Marvel's The Avengers Janek Sirrs, Jeff White, Guy Williams and Dan Sudick Prometheus Richard Stammers, Trevor Wood, Charley Henley and Martin Hill Snow White and the Huntsman Cedric Nicolas-Troyan, Philip Brennan, Neil Corbould and Michael Dawson 2013 (86th) Gravity Tim Webber, Chris Lawrence, Dave Shirk and Neil Corbould The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug Joe Letteri, Eric Saindon, David Clayton and Eric Reynolds Iron Man 3 Christopher Townsend, Guy Williams, Erik Nash and Dan Sudick The Lone Ranger Tim Alexander, Gary Brozenich, Edson Williams and John Frazier Star Trek Into Darkness Roger Guyett, Patrick Tubach, Ben Grossmann and Burt Dalton 2014 (87th) Interstellar Paul Franklin, Andrew Lockley, Ian Hunter, and Scott R. Fisher Captain America: The Winter Soldier Dan DeLeeuw, Russell Earl, Bryan Grill and Dan Sudick Dawn of the Planet of the Apes Joe Letteri, Dan Lemmon, Daniel Barrett and Erik Winquist Guardians of the Galaxy Stephane Ceretti, Nicolas Aithadi, Jonathan Fawkner and Paul Corbould X-Men: Days of Future Past Richard Stammers, Lou Pecora, Tim Crosbie and Cameron Waldbauer 2015 (88th) Ex Machina Mark Williams Ardington, Sara Bennett, Paul Norris and Andrew Whitehurst Mad Max: Fury Road Andrew Jackson, Dan Oliver, Andy Williams and Tom Wood The Martian Anders Langlands, Chris Lawrence, Richard Stammers and Steven Warner The Revenant Richard McBride, Matt Shumway, Jason Smith and Cameron Waldbauer Star Wars: The Force Awakens Chris Corbould, Roger Guyett, Patrick Tubach and Neal Scanlan 2016 (89th)  The Jungle Book Robert Legato, Adam Valdez, Andrew R. Jones and Dan Lemmon Deepwater Horizon Craig Hammack, Jason Snell, Jason Billington and Burt Dalton Doctor Strange Stephane Ceretti, Richard Bluff, Vincent Cirelli and Paul Corbould Kubo and the Two Strings Steve Emerson, Oliver Jones, Brian McLean and Brad Schiff Rogue One: A Star Wars Story John Knoll, Mohen Leo, Hal Hickel and Neil Corbould 2017 (90th)  Blade Runner 2049 John Nelson, Gerd Nefzer, Paul Lambert and Richard R. Hoover Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 Christopher Townsend, Guy Williams, Jonathan Fawkner and Dan Sudick Kong: Skull Island Stephen Rosenbaum, Jeff White, Scott Benza and Mike Meinardus Star Wars: The Last Jedi Ben Morris, Mike Mulholland, Neal Scanlan and Chris Corbould War for the Planet of the Apes Joe Letteri, Daniel Barrett, Dan Lemmon and Joel Whist 2018 (91st) First Man Paul Lambert, Ian Hunter, Tristan Myles, and J. D. Schwalm Avengers: Infinity War Dan DeLeeuw, Kelly Port, Russell Earl, and Dan Sudick Christopher Robin Christopher Lawrence, Michael Eames, Theo Jones, and Chris Corbould Ready Player One Roger Guyett, Grady Cofer, Matthew E. Butler, and David Shirk Solo: A Star Wars Story Rob Bredow, Patrick Tubach, Neal Scanlan, and Dominic Tuohy 2019 (92nd) 1917 Guillaume Rocheron, Greg Butler, and Dominic Tuohy Avengers: Endgame Dan DeLeeuw, Russell Earl, Matt Aitken, and Dan Sudick The Irishman Pablo Helman, Leandro Estebecorena, Nelson Sepulveda-Fauser, and Stephane Grabli The Lion King Robert Legato, Adam Valdez, Andrew R. Jones, and Elliot Newman Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker Roger Guyett, Neal Scanlan, Patrick Tubach, and Dominic Tuohy Shortlisted finalists [ edit ]
Finalists for Best Visual Effects are selected by the Visual Effects Branch Executive Committee. Beginning with a long-list of up to 20 titles, the committee then advances ten films to the shortlist.
Prior to the  83rd Academy Awards, only seven films were shortlisted. The full membership of the Visual Effects Branch is invited to view excerpts and is provided with supporting information at a "bake-off" where balloting determines the five nominees. These are the additional films that presented at the bake-off. 
Year Finalists 1984 , Dune , Gremlins , The Last Starfighter Star Trek III: The Search for Spock  1993 , Addams Family Values , Alive , Hocus Pocus Super Mario Bros.  1994 , The Hudsucker Proxy , Interview with the Vampire , The Lion King Speed  1995 , Batman Forever , Casper , Jumanji , The Indian in the Cupboard Waterworld  1996 , Mars Attacks! , Mission: Impossible , The Nutty Professor Star Trek: First Contact  1997 , Batman & Robin , Contact , The Fifth Element Men in Black  1998 , Babe: Pig in the City , Godzilla , Small Soldiers The Truman Show  1999 , The Mummy , Sleepy Hollow , Wild Wild West The World Is Not Enough  2000 , Cast Away , Dinosaur , How the Grinch Stole Christmas X-Men  2001 , Black Hawk Down , Cats & Dogs , The Fast and the Furious , Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone Jurassic Park III  [note 7] 2002 , Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets , Minority Report , Men in Black II xXx  2003 , Hulk , Peter Pan , Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines X2: X-Men United  2004 , The Aviator , The Day After Tomorrow , Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow  2005 , Batman Begins , Charlie and the Chocolate Factory , Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith  2006 , Casino Royale , Eragon , Night at the Museum X-Men: The Last Stand  2007 , The Bourne Ultimatum , Evan Almighty , I Am Legend 300  2008 , Australia , Hellboy II: The Golden Army , Journey to the Center of the Earth The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor  2009 , Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince , Terminator Salvation , Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen 2012  2010 , Scott Pilgrim vs. the World Tron: Legacy  2011 , Captain America: The First Avenger , Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol , Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides , The Tree of Life X-Men: First Class  2012 , The Amazing Spider-Man , Cloud Atlas , The Dark Knight Rises , John Carter Skyfall  2013 , Elysium , Oblivion , Pacific Rim , Thor: The Dark World World War Z  2014 , Godzilla , The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies , Maleficent , Night at the Museum: Secret of the Tomb Transformers: Age of Extinction  2015 , Ant-Man , Avengers: Age of Ultron , Jurassic World , Tomorrowland The Walk  2016 , Arrival , The BFG , Captain America: Civil War , Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them Passengers  2017 , Alien: Covenant , Dunkirk , Okja , The Shape of Water Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets  2018 , Ant-Man and the Wasp , Black Panther , Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom , Mary Poppins Returns Welcome to Marwen  2019 , Alita: Battle Angel , Captain Marvel , Cats , Gemini Man Terminator: Dark Fate  Multiple awards [ edit ] Multiple awards [ edit ]
8 awards 5 awards Gordon Jennings Ken Ralston 4 awards L.B. Abbott Richard Edlund Joe Letteri Andrew Lockley Glen Robinson 3 awards Randall William Cook Farciot Edouart John P. Fulton Alex Funke A. Arnold Gillespie Andrew R. Jones Louis Mesenkop Carlo Rambaldi Jim Rygiel Bill Westenhofer Stan Winston Robert Legato
2 awards Neil Corbould John Dykstra A.D. Flowers Paul Franklin Charles Gibson George Gibbs Allen Hall Thomas Howard Ian Hunter Brian Johnson Andrew R. Jones Paul Lambert Eustace Lycett Robert MacDonald John Nelson Warren Newcombe Bruce Nicholson Guillaume Rocheron Stephen Rosenbaum Loren L. Ryder Fred Sersen Douglas Shearer Robert Skotak Kenneth F. Smith John Stears Richard Taylor Phil Tippett Albert Whitlock
See also [ edit ] ^ The nomination for Ralph Hammeras was not associated with any individual film. ^ According to the Academy's in-house records, the nomination for Nugent Slaughter was most often connected with . It is not considered an official nomination for that film. The Jazz Singer ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m This was presented as a Special Achievement Award, not as a competitive Academy Award of Merit. ^ From 1939 until 1962, visual effects and sound effects artists competed in a combined Best Special Effects category. ^ When nominations were announced on February 9, 1942, was nominated in place of Dive Bomber . Both were The Sea Wolf Warner Bros. productions with photographic effects by Byron Haskin and sound effects by Nathan Levinson. By February 19, the Dive Bomber nomination was replaced with The Sea Wolf. The reason for the substitution is unknown. ^ In 1957, won the Best Special Effects Oscar for audible effects by The Enemy Below Walter Rossi. It was not cited for its visual effects. ^ A tie resulted in eight finalists. Superlatives [ edit ]
For this Academy Award category, the following superlatives emerge:
 Most awards: Dennis Muren – 8 awards (resulting from 15 nominations) Most nominations: Dennis Muren – 15 nominations (resulting in 8 awards) References [ edit ] ^ "92nd Academy Awards of Merit" (PDF). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved . May 25, 2019 ^ Cohn, Lawrence (February 17, 1991). "Oscar Choices/Omissions Reflect Quirky Voting Rules". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved . May 25, 2019 ^ "How Kubo and the Two Strings Landed a Surprise Visual Effects Oscar Nomination". ^ "89TH ANNUAL ACADEMY AWARDS OF MERIT" (PDF). oscars.org. 2016. RULE TWENTY-TWO SPECIAL RULES FOR THE VISUAL EFFECTS AWARD. Five productions shall be selected using reweighted range voting to become the nominations for final voting for the Visual Effects award. ^ "RangeVoting.org - Reweighted Range Voting - a PR voting method that feels like range voting". rangevoting.org . Retrieved . January 13, 2017 ^  Archived September 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine ^ "1969 Winners and Nominees". Oscars. ^ "The Official Academy Awards Database". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on February 27, 2009 . Retrieved . January 18, 2018 ^ "Academy Awards 2017: Complete list of Oscar winners and nominees". . February 26, 2017 Los Angeles Times . Retrieved . January 8, 2018 ^ Hipes, Patrick (January 23, 2018). "Oscar Nominations: 'The Shape Of Water' Leads Way With 13". Deadline Hollywood . Retrieved . January 23, 2018 ^ "93rd Academy Award of Merit Rules" (PDF). Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved . May 3, 2020 ^ a b Fleming Jr., Mike (January 5, 2011). "Academy Narrows Visual Effects Oscar Field". Deadline Hollywood . Retrieved . May 3, 2020 ^ Turner, George (April 1985). "Academy Visual Effects Nominees". . American Cinematographer ^ Mavity, Will (January 22, 2017). "A History of Visual Effects Shortlists & Bake-Offs". Next Best Picture . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ "Behind the Illusion". Variety. February 12, 1995 . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ Ebert, Roger (March 17, 1996). "Movie Answer Man (03/17/1996)". RogerEbert.com . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ Hindes, Andrew (January 8, 1997). "7 pix set to vie for 3 Oscar f/x noms". Variety . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ "Silicon Graphics' Oscar-winning performance". ITWeb. March 3, 1998 . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ Olson, Eric J. (February 4, 1999). "Seven pics make the cut in Oscar f/x nominee race". Variety . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ Graser, Marc (January 12, 2000). "Seven pics make the cut in Oscar f/x nominee race". Variety . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ Graser, Marc (January 10, 2001). "Acad taps 7 for f/x bake-off". Variety . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ Graser, Marc (February 27, 2002). "Short list for Oscar f/x gets physical". Variety . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ "Effective Work". Variety. January 20, 2003 . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ Graser, Marc (January 7, 2004). "Threepeat feat?". Variety . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ ". 'Aviator' f/x flying high" Variety. December 19, 2004 . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ Chang, Justin (December 16, 2005). "Acad avoids 'Sin' as f/x race narrows to 7". Variety . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ "Visual Effects Oscar contenders announced". Variety. December 15, 2006 . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ "Oscar's visual effects list set". Variety. January 4, 2008 . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ Kilday, Gregg (January 7, 2009). "Oscar's VFX shortlist". The Hollywood Reporter . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ Kilday, Gregg (January 6, 2010). "Seven films on Oscar's visual effects shortlist". Reuters . Retrieved . May 4, 2020 ^ Chitwood, Adam (January 4, 2012). "Visual Effects Oscar Category Narrowed Down to 10 Choices". Deadline Hollywood . Retrieved . May 3, 2020 ^ Hammond, Pete (November 29, 2012). "Oscars: Visual Effects Finalists Named". Deadline Hollywood . Retrieved . May 3, 2020 ^ "10 Contenders Remain in VFX Oscar Race". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. December 5, 2013 . Retrieved . May 3, 2020 ^ "10 Contenders Remain in VFX Oscar Race". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. December 5, 2014 . Retrieved . May 3, 2020 ^ "10 Contenders Remain in VFX Oscar Race". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. December 21, 2015 . Retrieved . May 3, 2020 ^ "10 Contenders Remain in VFX Oscar Race". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. December 16, 2016 . Retrieved . May 3, 2020 ^ Erbland, Kate (December 18, 2017). "Oscars 2018: Academy Shortlist Names Contenders for Visual Effects, Including 'Star Wars: The Last Jedi' and 'Dunkirk. '" IndieWire . Retrieved . May 3, 2020 ^ "91st Oscar Shortlists". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved . May 3, 2020 ^ "92nd Oscar Shortlists". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences . Retrieved . May 3, 2020 ^ Academy Award Statistics Archived 2009-03-01 at the Wayback Machine