AC Milan

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

AC Milan
AC Milan badge
Full nameAssociazione Calcio Milan S.p.A.[1]
Nickname(s)I Rossoneri (The Red and Blacks)
Il Diavolo (The Devil)
Founded13 December 1899; 124 years ago (1899-12-13),[2] as Milan Foot-Ball and Cricket Club
GroundSan Siro
Capacity75,817 (limited capacity)
80,018 (maximum)
OwnerRedBird Capital Partners (99.93%)[3][4]
Private shareholders (0.07%)[5]
ChairmanPaolo Scaroni
Head coachPaulo Fonseca
LeagueSerie A
2023–24Serie A, 2nd of 20
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Associazione Calcio Milan (Italian pronunciation: [assotʃatˈtsjoːne ˈkaltʃo ˈmiːlan]), commonly referred to as AC Milan (Italian pronunciation: [a tˌtʃi mˈmiːlan]) or simply Milan,[6] is an Italian professional football club based in Milan, Lombardy. Founded in 1899, the club competes in the Serie A, the top tier of Italian football, and has spent its entire history there with the exception of the 1980–81 and 1982–83 seasons.[7][8]

Domestically, AC Milan has won 19 league titles, making it the third-most successful club in the Serie A behind Juventus and city rivals Inter Milan.[9] The club has also won 5 Coppa Italia titles and 7 Supercoppa Italiana titles.[10] In international competitions, Milan's 18 FIFA and UEFA trophies are the third highest out of any club in the world (joint with Boca Juniors and Independiente),[nb 1] and the most out of any Italian club.[10][11][12][13] Milan has won seven European Cup/Champions League titles, a joint record[nb 2] five UEFA Super Cups, two UEFA Cup Winners' Cups, a joint record[nb 3] three Intercontinental Cups and one FIFA Club World Cup. Milan's major European honours also include a joint record[nb 4] two Latin Cups.[10]

In its early history, Milan played its home games in different grounds around the city before moving to its current stadium, the San Siro, in 1926.[14] The stadium, which was built by Milan's second chairman, Piero Pirelli and has been shared with Inter Milan since 1947,[15] is the largest in Italian football, with a total capacity of 75,817.[16] AC Milan has a long-standing rivalry with Inter, with whom they contest the Derby della Madonnina, one of the most followed derbies in football.[17]

The club is one of the wealthiest in Italian and world football.[18] It was a founding member of the now-defunct G-14 group of Europe's leading football clubs as well as its replacement, the European Club Association.[19]


Foundation and early years (1899–1950)

A black-and-white picture of Herbert Kilpin, the first captain of AC Milan
Herbert Kilpin, the club's first captain and one of its founding members
The AC Milan formation that won the Italian championship in 1901

"Saremo una squadra di diavoli. I nostri colori saranno il rosso come il fuoco e il nero come la paura che incuteremo agli avversari."

— 1899, Herbert Kilpin[20][21]

"We will be a team of devils. Our colours will be red like fire and black like the fear we will invoke in our opponents."

— 1899, Herbert Kilpin

AC Milan was founded as Milan Foot-Ball and Cricket Club in 1899 by English expatriate Herbert Kilpin.[8] The club claims 16 December of that year as their foundation date,[22] but historical evidence seems to suggest that the club was actually founded a few days earlier, most likely on 13 December.[2] However, with the club's charter being lost, the exact date remains open to debate.

In honour of its English origins, the club has retained the English spelling of the city's name, as opposed to the Italian spelling Milano, which it was forced to bear under the fascist regime. Milan won its first Italian championship in 1901, interrupting a three-year hegemony of Genoa, and a further two in succession in 1906 and 1907.[7] The club proved successful in the first decade of its existence, with several important trophies won, including, among others, the Medaglia del Re three times,[23] the Palla Dapples 23 times[24] and the FGNI tournament five times, a competition organized by the Italian Gymnastics Federation but not officially recognized by the Italian Football Federation.[25]

In 1908, Milan experienced a split caused by internal disagreements over the signing of foreign players, which led to the forming of another Milan-based team, F.C. Internazionale.[26] Following these events, Milan did not manage to win a single domestic title until 1950–51,[10] with some exceptions represented by the 1915–16 Coppa Federale[27] and the 1917–18 Coppa Mauro,[28] two tournaments played during the First World War which, especially the former, received a lot of attention and proved to be highly competitive, despite them not being officially recognized by the Italian federation.

Return to victory and international affirmation (1950–1970)

The 1950s saw the club return to the top of Italian football, headed by the famous Gre-No-Li Swedish trio Gunnar Gren, Gunnar Nordahl and Nils Liedholm. This was one of the club's most successful periods domestically, with the Scudetto going to Milan in 1951, 1955, 1957 and 1959.[10] This decade witnessed also the first European successes of Milan, with the triumphs in the 1951 and 1956 Latin Cup. Milan was also the first Italian club to take part to the newly born European Cup in the 1955–56 season, and reached the final two years later, when they were defeated by Real Madrid.

AC Milan celebrating after winning the European Cup Winners' Cup final in 1968

The 1960s began with the debut of Milan's legend Gianni Rivera in 1960:[29] he would remain with the club for the rest of his career for the following 19 seasons. In 1961, Nereo Rocco was appointed as new coach of the club,[30] which under his leadership won immediately a scudetto in 1961–62, followed, in the next season, by Milan's first European Cup triumph, achieved after beating Benfica in the final.[31][32] This success was repeated in 1969, with a 4–1 win over Ajax in the final, which was followed by the Intercontinental Cup title the same year.[10] During this period Milan also won its ninth scudetto, its first Coppa Italia, with victory over Padova in the 1967 final, and two European Cup Winners' Cups: in 1967–68 and 1972–73.[10]

10th Scudetto and decline (1970–1986)

Franco Baresi in 1979

Domestically, the 1970s were characterized by the pursuit of the 10th Serie A title, which grants the winner the Scudetto star. For three years in a row, in 1971, 1972 and 1973, Milan ended up second in the league, after some memorable duels with Inter and Juventus. Finally, the achievement was reached in 1979. The same year saw the retirement of Gianni Rivera and the debut of Franco Baresi, at his first full season with the club.

After this success, the team went into a period of decline. The club in 1980 was involved in the Totonero scandal and as punishment was relegated to Serie B for the first time in its history.[33] The scandal was centred around a betting syndicate paying players and officials to fix the outcome of matches.[33] Milan achieved promotion back to Serie A at the first attempt, winning the 1980–81 Serie B title,[10] but were again relegated a year later as the team ended its 1981–82 campaign in third-last place. In 1983, Milan won the Serie B title for the second time in three seasons to return to Serie A,[10] where they achieved a sixth-place finish in 1983–84.

Berlusconi's ownership and international glory (1986–2012)

Milan players celebrating winning the 1992-93 Serie A

On 20 February 1986, entrepreneur Silvio Berlusconi (who owned Fininvest and Mediaset) acquired the club and saved it from bankruptcy after investing vast amounts of money,[7] appointing rising manager Arrigo Sacchi at the helm of the Rossoneri and signing Dutch internationals Ruud Gullit, Marco van Basten and Frank Rijkaard.[7] The Dutch trio added an attacking impetus to the team, and complemented the club's Italian internationals Paolo Maldini, Franco Baresi, Alessandro Costacurta and Roberto Donadoni. Under Sacchi, Milan won its first Scudetto in nine years in the 1987–88 season. The following year, the club won its first European Cup in two decades, beating Romanian club Steaua București 4–0 in the final. Milan retained their title with a 1–0 win over Benfica a year later and was the last team to win back-to-back European Cups until Real Madrid's win in 2017.[34] The Milan team of 1988–1990, nicknamed the "Immortals" in the Italian media,[35] has been voted the best club side of all time in a global poll of experts conducted by World Soccer magazine.[36]

Mauro Tassotti (left) holds the UEFA Champions League trophy along with manager Fabio Capello, following Milan's victory in the 1993–94 edition of the tournament.

After Sacchi left Milan in 1991, he was replaced by the club's former player Fabio Capello whose team won three consecutive Serie A titles between 1992 and 1994, a spell which included a 58-match unbeaten run in Serie A (which earned the team the label "the Invincibles"),[35][37][38] and back-to-back UEFA Champions League final appearances in 1993, 1994 and 1995. A year after losing 1–0 to Marseille in the 1993 Champions League final, Capello's team reached its peak in one of Milan's most memorable matches of all time, the famous 4–0 win over Barcelona in the 1994 Champions League final.[37] Capello's side went on to win the 1995–96 league title before he left to manage Real Madrid in 1996.[37] In 1998–99, after a two-year period of decline, Milan lifted its 16th championship in the club's centenary season.

Milan captain Paolo Maldini lifting the European Cup after they won the 2002–03 UEFA Champions League

Milan's next period of success came under another former player, Carlo Ancelotti. After his appointment in November 2001, Ancelotti took Milan to the 2003 Champions League final, where they defeated Juventus on penalties to win the club's sixth European Cup.[39] The team then won the Scudetto in 2003–04 before reaching the 2005 Champions League final, where they were beaten by Liverpool on penalties despite leading 3–0 at half-time.[39] Two years later, the two teams met again in the 2007 Champions League final, with Milan winning 2–1 to lift the title for a seventh time.[39][40] The team then won its first FIFA Club World Cup in December 2007.[41] In 2009, after becoming Milan's second longest serving manager with 420 matches overseen,[41] Ancelotti left the club to take over as manager at Chelsea.

Milan celebrates winning the 2006–07 UEFA Champions League.

During this period, the club was involved in the Calciopoli scandal, where five teams were accused of fixing matches by selecting favourable referees.[42] A police inquiry excluded any involvement of Milan managers;[43] the Italian Football Federation (FIGC) unilaterally decided that it had sufficient evidence to charge Milan vice-president Adriano Galliani. As a result, Milan was initially punished with a 15-point deduction and was banned from the 2006–07 UEFA Champions League. An appeal saw that penalty reduced to eight points,[44] which allowed the club to retain its Champions League participation.

Following the aftermath of Calciopoli, local rivals Internazionale dominated Serie A, winning four Scudetti. However, with the help a strong squad boasting players such as Zlatan Ibrahimović, Robinho and Alexandre Pato joining many of the veterans of the club's mid-decade European successes, Milan recaptured the Scudetto in the 2010–11 Serie A season, their first since the 2003–04 season and 18th overall.[45][46]

Changes in ownership and decline (2012–2019)

Jerseys of Paolo Maldini (number 3), Kaká (number 22) and Zlatan Ibrahimović (number 11) in the San Siro museum

After their 18th Scudetto, the club declined in performance. Milan failed to qualify to European competitions for a few years, and the only trophy won was the 2016 Supercoppa Italiana, achieved under Vincenzo Montella's coaching after defeating Juventus in the penalty shoot-out.[citation needed]

On 5 August 2016, a new preliminary agreement was signed with the Chinese investment management company Sino-Europe Sports Investment Management Changxing Co., to which Fininvest sold a 99.93% stake of Milan for about €520 million, plus the refurbishment of the club financial debt of €220 million.[47] On 13 April 2017, the deal was completed and Rossoneri Sport Investment Lux became the new direct parent company of the club.[48] In order to finalise the deal, American hedge fund Elliott Management Corporation provided Li with a loan of €303 million (€180 million to complete the payment to Fininvest and €123 million issued directly to the club).[49][50] On 10 July 2018, Li failed to keep up with his loan repayment plan, neglecting to deposit a €32 million instalment on time in order to refinance the €303 million loan debt owed to the American hedge fund. As a result, In July 2018, chairman Li Yonghong's investment vehicle Rossoneri Champion Inv. Lux. was removed as the shareholder of Rossoneri Sport Inv. Lux., the direct parent company of the club, making the investment vehicle majority controlled by Elliott Management Corporation the sole shareholder of Rossoneri Sport Inv. Lux.[51][52][53][54]

On 27 November 2017, Montella was sacked due to poor results and replaced by former player Gennaro Gattuso.[55] Milan qualified for the 2018–19 UEFA Europa League group stage after finishing 6th in the 2017–18 Serie A season, but were banned by UEFA from European competition due to violations of Financial Fair Play regulations for failure to break-even.[56] Milan appealed to the Court of Arbitration for Sport and the decision was overturned on 20 July 2018.[57][58][59]

In Gattuso's first full season in charge, Milan exceeded expectations and spent much of the campaign in the top 4. Despite winning their final 4 games, Milan missed out on the Champions League by one point.[60] After Milan's failure to qualify for the Champions League, Gattuso resigned as manager.[61] On 19 June 2019, Milan hired former Sampdoria manager Marco Giampaolo on a 2-year contract. On 28 June 2019, Milan was excluded from the 2019–20 UEFA Europa League for violating Financial Fair Play regulations for the years 2014–2017 and 2015–2018.[62]

Recent history (2019–present)

Rossoneri fans celebrating their 2021–22 Serie A win in Piazza del Duomo, Milan

After four months in charge, Giampaolo was sacked after losing four of his first seven games, which was exacerbated by poor performances and a lack of supporter confidence. Stefano Pioli was hired as his replacement.[63] After the restart of the Serie A campaign due to the COVID-19 outbreak, Milan went on a 10 match unbeaten streak, winning 7 in the process including matches against Juventus, Lazio and Roma. This streak led to Milan abandoning their plans of hiring Ralf Rangnick as their new manager and sporting director, and instead extended Pioli's contract for a further 2 years.[64] Following a stellar start in the 2020–21 Serie A, which was a continuation of the second half of the previous season, Milan under Pioli in his first full season were led to a second-place finish in the league which was the highest finish for the team since the 2011–12 Serie A. This result allowed Milan to qualify for the 2021–22 UEFA Champions League for the following season, which would become their first appearance in the UEFA Champions League in seven years since their last appearance in the 2013–14 UEFA Champions League.

Milan secured their 19th Italian championship title on the last round of the 2021–22 season, with a club-record tally of 86 points. It was their first league title since the 2010–11 season. In the Serie A Awards, Rafael Leão was named as the league's most valuable player, Mike Maignan as the best goalkeeper, and Pioli as coach of the season.[65][66][67] On 1 June 2022, RedBird Capital Partners agreed to acquire AC Milan at $1.3 billion, meanwhile Elliott Management Corporation would keep a minority stake.[68]

Colours and badge

Coat of arms of the city of Milan – has been the club badge worn on match kits from the origins to the mid-1940s

Red and black are the colours which have represented the club throughout its entire history. They were chosen by its founder Herbert Kilpin to represent the players' fiery ardor (red) and the opponents' fear to challenge the team (black). Rossoneri, the team's widely used nickname, literally means "the red & blacks" in Italian, in reference to the colours of the stripes on its jersey.[69]

Another nickname derived from the club's colours is the Devil. An image of a red devil was used as Milan's logo at one point with a Golden Star for Sport Excellence located next to it.[70] As is customary in Italian football, the star above the logo was awarded to the club after winning 10 league titles, in 1979. The official Milan logos have always displayed the Flag of Milan, which was originally the flag of Saint Ambrose,[70] next to red and black stripes. The modern badge used today represents the club colours and the flag of the Comune di Milano, with the acronym ACM at the top and the foundation year (1899) at the bottom.[70] For what concerns the badge worn on match kits, from the origins to the mid-1940s it was simply the flag of Milan. For many decades no club logo was displayed, with the exception of the devil's logo in the early 1980s. The club badge made its definitive appearance on the match strips in the 1995–96, in a form that remained basically unchanged until present days.

Since its foundation, the AC Milan home kit consisted of a red and black striped shirt, combined with white shorts and black socks; over the course of the decades, only cyclical changes dictated by the fashions of the time affected this pattern, which remained almost unchanged up to present days. In the first decade of the 20th century, the Rossoneri's first kit was a simple silk shirt characterized by thin stripes, with the badge of the city of Milan sewn at heart level. From the 1910s, the stripes were enlarged following a pattern that would remain unchanged until the late 1950s. The 1960s marked a return to the origins, with the use of thin stripes. This style would last until the 1985–86 season, with a small intermezzo from 1980 to 1982, when the stripes changed to a middle size again. A notable innovation occurred in this period. Between the 1979–80 and 1980–81 seasons, the AC Milan shirt achieved an important record by adding the surnames of the players above the number for the first time in Italian football.[71]

From the 1986–87 season, under the impulse of the new club owner Silvio Berlusconi, the stripes were brought back to a middle size, and the colour of the socks was changed to white, taking the same colour of the shorts. In such a way, Berlusconi aimed at giving the players a more elegant look, as well as making the kit more distinguishably red and black when watched on the television compared to the thin striped kit, which, at a distance and on the television, could mistaken for a full red or brown shirt.[72] This style continued until 1998. Starting from the 1998–99 season, the kits started to be modified on a yearly basis in their design.

Milan's away kit has always been completely white, sometimes adorned with various types of decorations, the most common of which are one vertical or horizontal red and black stripe.[73] The white away kit is considered by both the fans and the club to be a lucky strip in Champions League finals, due to the fact that Milan has won six finals out of eight in an all white strip (losing only to Ajax in 1995 and Liverpool in 2005), and only won one out of three in the home strip. The third strip, which is rarely used, changes yearly, being mostly black with red trimmings.

"I can't think of many shirts out there that are as recognisable as Milan's. – Our kits go beyond just the sphere of football."

— In an interview with SoccerBible, Milan player Gianluca Lapadula complimented the iconic design of Rossoneri.[74]

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
Brand Company Back Sleeve
1978–80 Adidas None None
1980–82 Linea Milan Pooh Jeans Italiana Manifatture
1982–83 Ennerre Hitachi Hitachi Europe
1983–84 Olio Cuore
1984–85 Rolly Go Oscar Mondadori Arnoldo Mondadori Editore
1985–86 Gianni Rivera Fotorex U-Bix Olivetti
1986–87 Kappa
1987–90 Mediolanum
1990–92 Adidas
1992–93 Motta
1993–94 Lotto
1994–98 Opel General Motors
1998–06 Adidas
2006–10 Bwin
2010–18 Emirates The Emirates Group
2018–21 Puma[75][76]
2021–23 Wefox BitMEX
2023– MSC Cruises

Kit deals

Kit supplier Period Contract
Value Notes
Adidas 1998–2018 9 October 2013 2013–2018 20 million per year[77] Original contract duration: 2013–2023
Contract prematurely terminated by mutual consent
at the end of the 2017–18 season.[78]
Puma 2018–present 12 February 2018 2018–present Between 10 million and 15 million per year[79]

Anthem and mascot

"AC Milan Anthem – Milan Milan" debuted in 1988 and was composed by Tony Renis and Massimo Guantini.[80][81]

The official mascot, designed by Warner Bros., is "Milanello", a red devil with the AC Milan kit and a ball.[citation needed]


View of the San Siro in 1934
Curva Sud of the San Siro

Milan played their first matches at the Trotter pitch, located where the Milan Central railway station would later be built. It could not be defined as a stadium, as there were no dressing rooms, no stands and no other facilities. In 1903, Milan moved to the Acquabella pitch, where the stands consisted of a section of ground raised for the purpose. Milan played there until 1905. The following year the club moved to the Porta Monforte pitch, where they played until 1914. The stadium was furnished with a ticket office and wooden stands. In the following years Milan played at the Velodromo Sempione from 1914 to 1920, and at the Viale Lombardia stadium from 1920 to 1926. The latter was a modern structure, with a big main stand and which hosted several games of the Italy national football team.[82]

In 1926 Milan moved to the stadium where they still play nowadays: The San Siro. The stadium,[16] officially known as Stadio Giuseppe Meazza after the former player who represented both Milan and Internazionale, has 75,923 seats. The more commonly used name, "San Siro", is the name of the district where it is located. San Siro was privately built by funding from Milan's president at the time, Piero Pirelli. Construction was performed by 120 workers, and took 13+12 months to complete. The stadium was owned by the club until it was sold to the city in 1935, and since 1947 it has been shared with Internazionale when the other major Milanese club was accepted as joint tenant.

The first game played at the stadium was on 19 September 1926, when Milan lost 6–3 in a friendly match against Internazionale. Milan played its first league game in San Siro on 19 September 1926, losing 1–2 to Sampierdarenese. From an initial capacity of 35,000 spectators, the stadium has undergone several major renovations, most recently in preparation for the 1990 FIFA World Cup when its capacity was set to 85,700, all covered with a polycarbonate roof. In the summer of 2008 its capacity was reduced to 80,018, to meet the new standards set by UEFA.

Based on the English model for stadiums, San Siro is specifically designed for football matches, as opposed to many multi-purpose stadiums used in Serie A. It is therefore renowned in Italy for its fantastic atmosphere during matches, largely thanks to the closeness of the stands to the pitch. The frequent use of flares by supporters contributes to the atmosphere but the practice has occasionally caused problems.

On 19 December 2005, Milan vice-president and executive director Adriano Galliani announced that the club was seriously working towards a relocation. He stated Milan's new stadium will be largely based on the Veltins-Arena – the home of Schalke 04 in Gelsenkirchen – and will follow the standards of football stadiums in the United States, Germany and Spain. As opposed to many other stadiums in Italy, Milan's new stadium would likely be used for football only, having no athletics track. On 11 December 2014, Barbara Berlusconi announced a proposal to build a property stadium of 42,000 seats in Portello, behind the new HQ of the Rossoneri, and the large square "Piazza Gino Valle". The new village with shopping malls and hotel is located near CityLife district and is served by the metro.[83] On 20 September 2015, however, Silvio Berlusconi called an end to his club's plans to build a new stadium in the city.[84] In 2017, new CEO Marco Fassone stated that the club may look at either staying in the San Siro or moving to a new stadium with the club hierarchy emphasising the need to increase average attendance for home games.[85]

On 27 September 2023, chairman Paolo Scaroni announced the club had filed a proposal to build a new 70,000-seater stadium, alongside the club headquarters and museum in the comune of San Donato Milanese, a suburb south of Milan.[86]


Brigate Rossonere

Milan is one of the most supported football clubs in Italy, according to research conducted by Italian newspaper La Repubblica.[87] Historically, Milan was supported by the city's working class, which granted them the nickname of casciavid (which in Milanese dialect means "screwdrivers"), used until the 1960s.[88] On the other hand, crosstown rivals Inter Milan were mainly supported by the more prosperous middle class.[88] The oldest ultras groups in all of Italian football, Fossa dei Leoni, originated in Milan.[89] Currently, the main ultras group within the support base is Brigate Rossonere.[89] Milan ultras have never had any particular political preference,[89] but the media traditionally associated them with the left wing[90] until recently, when Berlusconi's presidency somewhat altered that view.[91]

According to a study from 2010, Milan is the most supported Italian team in Europe and seventh overall, with over 18.4 million fans.[92] It had the thirteenth highest average attendance of European football clubs during the 2019–20 season, behind Borussia Dortmund, Bayern Munich, Manchester United, Barcelona, Real Madrid, Inter, Schalke 04, Tottenham Hotspur, Celtic, Atlético Madrid, West Ham United and Arsenal.[93]

Club rivalries

Scene of a Derby della Madonnina in 1915

Milan's main rivalry is with its neighbour club, Inter Milan. Both clubs meet in the widely anticipated Derby della Madonnina twice every Serie A season. The name of the derby refers to the Blessed Virgin Mary, whose statue atop the Milan Cathedral is one of the city's main attractions. The first match was held in the final of the Chiasso Cup of 1908, a football tournament played in Canton Ticino, Switzerland, on 18 October of that year; the Rossoneri won 2–1.[94] The rivalry reached its highest point in the 1960s, when the two clubs dominated the scene both domestically and internationally. In Italy they cumulatively won five Serie A titles, while internationally they collected four European cups. On the bench it showcased the clash of two different approaches to Catenaccio by the two managers: Nereo Rocco for Milan and Helenio Herrera for Inter. On the pitch the stage was taken by some of the biggest stars the Italian Serie A could offer: players such as Gianni Rivera, Giovanni Trapattoni and José Altafini for Milan and Sandro Mazzola, Giacinto Facchetti and Luis Suárez (footballer, born 1935) for Inter. The match usually creates a lively atmosphere, with numerous (often humorous or offensive) banners unfolded before the start of the game. Flares are commonly present and contribute to the spectacle but they have occasionally led to problems, including the abandonment of the second leg of the 2004–05 Champions League quarter-final match between Milan and Inter on 12 April 2005, after a flare thrown from the crowd by an Inter supporter struck Milan goalkeeper Dida on the shoulder.[95]

The rivalry with Juventus F.C. is a rivalry between the two most titled teams in Italy. The challenge confronts also two of the clubs with the greater basin of supporters as well as those with the greatest turnover and stock market value in the country.[96] Milan and Juventus were often fighting for the top positions of the Serie A standings. Some important periods marked by this rivalry were the early 1950s, which saw the two teams alternating each other as Serie A champions (the two clubs won seven titles in the decade), and big duels between forwards, with the Swedish Gre-No-Li on the rossoneri side and the trio formed by Giampiero Boniperti, John Hansen and Karl Aage Præst on the bianconeri side; the early 1970s, when for two consecutive seasons, 1971-72 and 1972-73, Milan lost the scudetto to Juventus by just one point; the 1990s, when the two clubs dominated the league by winning eight (consecutive) titles out of ten, lining up players that marked the history of football in their era and in the whole history; and finally in the 2000s, when, between the 2004-05 and 2005-06 seasons, the two clubs contested each other the Serie A titles, both won by Juventus but then revoked due to the Calciopoli scandal. The only match played by the two teams in European competitions was the 2003 UEFA Champions League final, the first such final between two Italian clubs, won by Milan at the penalties, which granted Milan the sixth Champions League title of their history.[97]

The rivalry with Genoa started at the dawn of the 20th century, when the two clubs repeatedly faced each other for the Italian championship and other important trophies of the time. It then continued in the 1981-82 Serie A season, when Genoa avoided relegation in Naples just a few minutes from the final whistle of the last game of the season condemning the Rossoneri to the second Serie B season of their history. The rivalry worsened in 1995 after Genoa fan Vincenzo Spagnolo was stabbed to death by a Milan supporter.[98] Milan also have rivalries with Fiorentina, Atalanta and Napoli.

Popular culture

In the movie industry, among the films dedicated to the Rossoneri team is Sunday Heroes (1953), by director Mario Camerini, in which the main plot pivots around a fictional football match between the Rossoneri and a club on the brink of relegation. In the film appear, in addition to the coach Lajos Czeizler, many of the Milan players of the time, including Lorenzo Buffon, Carlo Annovazzi and the entire Gre-No-Li trio.[citation needed]

Milan as a fan base and some of their most popular players appeared in several Italian comedy movies. Among them the following are worth mentioning: Eccezzziunale... veramente, Really SSSupercool: Chapter Two (whose cast includes Paolo Maldini, Gennaro Gattuso, Massimo Ambrosini, Dida, Andriy Shevchenko and Alessandro Costacurta) and Tifosi (whose cast includes Franco Baresi).[citation needed]

Milan TV

On 16 December 1999, on the day of the centenary of the club's foundation, Milan Channel was launched. The subscription-based television channel broadcasts news, events and vintage matches of the club. It is the first Italian thematic channel entirely dedicated to a football team. On 1 July 2016, the channel took on the new name of Milan TV, renewing its graphics and logo.[citation needed]

Forza Milan!

In the editorial field, Forza Milan! was the official magazine of the club for over half a century. It was founded in 1963 by journalist Gino Sansoni and published by Panini. Issued with a monthly cadence, it covered all events surrounding Milan, with interviews to its protagonists, special posters, reports of official and friendly matches. Under the direction of Gigi Vesigna it reached a monthly circulation of 130,000 copies. The last issue of the magazine was published in June 2018.[99]


A partial view of the club's trophy room at the Mondo Milan Museum

With a total of 31 domestic honours, Milan is one of the most successful clubs in Italy. The club won its first Serie A title in 1901 with its most recent coming in 2022. Milan's tenth scudetto win meant that it earned the right to place a star on its jersey in recognition of this.

Milan is the most successful Italian club in international football with 20 major international trophies (18 of them organised by UEFA and FIFA) and the third most successful in Europe overall after Real Madrid and Barcelona. They have won the European Cup/Champions League seven times, an Italian record and only surpassed by Real Madrid, with their most recent coming in 2007. Milan's fifth European Cup win, in 1994, meant that the club was awarded the trophy permanently and is allowed to display a multiple-winner badge on its shirt.[100] The club also holds a joint record of five wins in the UEFA Super Cup, a joint record of two wins in the Latin Cup and a joint record of three wins in the Intercontinental Cup. In 2007, Milan won the FIFA Club World Cup for the first time, completing an international treble of Champions League, Super Cup and Club World Cup.

AC Milan honours
Type Competition Titles Seasons
Domestic Serie A 19 1901, 1906, 1907, 1950–51, 1954–55, 1956–57, 1958–59, 1961–62, 1967–68, 1978–79,
1987–88, 1991–92, 1992–93, 1993–94, 1995–96, 1998–99, 2003–04, 2010–11, 2021–22
Serie B 2 1980–81, 1982–83
Coppa Italia 5 1966–67, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1976–77, 2002–03
Supercoppa Italiana 7 1988, 1992, 1993, 1994, 2004, 2011, 2016
Continent European Cup / UEFA Champions League 7 1962–63, 1968–69, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1993–94, 2002–03, 2006–07
European Cup Winners' Cup 2 1967–68, 1972–73
European Super Cup / UEFA Super Cup 5s 1989, 1990, 1994, 2003, 2007
Worldwide Intercontinental Cup 3s 1969, 1989, 1990
FIFA Club World Cup 1 2007
  •   record
  • s shared record

Club statistics and records

Paolo Maldini made a record 902 appearances for Milan, including 647 in Serie A.

Paolo Maldini holds the records for both total appearances and Serie A appearances for Milan, with 902 official games played in total and 647 in Serie A (as of 31 May 2009, not including playoff matches),[101] the latter being an all-time Serie A record.[102]

Swedish forward Gunnar Nordahl scored 38 goals in the 1950–51 season, 35 of which were in Serie A, setting an Italian football and club record. He went on to become Milan's all-time top goalscorer, scoring 221 goals for the club in 268 games.[103] He is followed in second place by Andriy Shevchenko with 175 goals in 322 games, and Gianni Rivera in third place, who has scored 164 goals in 658 games. Rivera is also Milan's youngest ever goalscorer, scoring in a league match against Juventus at just 17 years.

Legendary tactician Nereo Rocco, the first proponent of catenaccio in the country, was Milan's longest-serving manager, sitting on the bench for over nine years (in two spells) in the 1960s and early 1970s, winning the club's first European Cup triumphs. Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, who purchased the club in 1986, is Milan's longest-serving president (23 years, due to a two-year vacancy between 2004 and 2006).

The first official match in which Milan participated was in the Third Federal Football Championship, the predecessor of Serie A, losing 3–0 to Torinese. Milan's largest ever victory was 13–0 against Audax Modena, in a league match at the 1914–15 season. Its heaviest defeat was recorded in the league at the 1922–23 season, beaten 0–8 by Bologna.

During the 1991–92 season, the club achieved the feature of being the first team to win the Serie A title without losing a single game. Previously, only Perugia had managed to go unbeaten over an entire Serie A season (1978–79), but finished second in the table. In total, Milan's unbeaten streak lasted 58 games, starting with a 0–0 draw against Parma on 26 May 1991 and coincidentally ending with a 1–0 home loss to Parma on 21 March 1993. This is a Serie A record as well as the third-longest unbeaten run in top flight European football, coming in behind Steaua București's record of 104 unbeaten games and Celtic's 68 game unbeaten run.[104][105]

Since 2007, along with Boca Juniors, Milan has won more FIFA recognised international club titles than any other club in the world with 18 titles.[106] They were overtaken by Al Ahly SC from Egypt after their 2014 CAF Confederation Cup win.[107]

The sale of Kaká to Real Madrid in 2009 broke the eight-year-old world football transfer record held by Zinedine Zidane, costing the Spanish club €67 million[108] (about £56 million[109]). That record, however, lasted for less than a month, broken by Cristiano Ronaldo's £80 million transfer.[110] This record, however, is in terms of nominal British pound rates, not adjusted to inflation or the real value of the euro. Madrid bought Zidane for €77.5 million in 2001,[111][112] about £46 million at that time.


First-team squad

As of 22 January 2024[113]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
2 DF Italy ITA Davide Calabria (captain)[114]
4 MF Algeria ALG Ismaël Bennacer
7 MF France FRA Yacine Adli
8 MF England ENG Ruben Loftus-Cheek
9 FW France FRA Olivier Giroud
10 FW Portugal POR Rafael Leão
11 MF United States USA Christian Pulisic
14 MF Netherlands NED Tijjani Reijnders
15 FW Serbia SRB Luka Jović
16 GK France FRA Mike Maignan
17 FW Switzerland SUI Noah Okafor
19 DF France FRA Théo Hernandez (vice-captain)[114]
20 DF France FRA Pierre Kalulu
No. Pos. Nation Player
21 FW Nigeria NGA Samuel Chukwueze
23 DF England ENG Fikayo Tomori
24 DF Denmark DEN Simon Kjær
28 DF Germany GER Malick Thiaw
30 DF Italy ITA Mattia Caldara
32 MF Italy ITA Tommaso Pobega
38 DF Italy ITA Filippo Terracciano
42 DF Italy ITA Alessandro Florenzi
46 DF Italy ITA Matteo Gabbia
57 GK Italy ITA Marco Sportiello
69 GK Italy ITA Lapo Nava
80 MF United States USA Yunus Musah
83 GK Italy ITA Antonio Mirante

Other players under contract

As of 19 January 2024

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
DF Romania ROU Andrei Coubiș
FW Sweden SWE Emil Roback

Out on loan

As of 22 January 2024

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK Colombia COL Devis Vásquez (at Ascoli until 30 June 2024)[115]
DF Senegal SEN Fodé Ballo-Touré (at Fulham until 30 June 2024)[116]
DF Italy ITA Andrea Bozzolan (at Perugia until 30 June 2024)[117]
DF Italy ITA Tommaso Cecotti (at Carpi until 30 June 2024)[118]
DF Italy ITA Leonardo D'Alessio (at Pro Sesto until 30 June 2024)[119]
DF Argentina ARG Marco Pellegrino (at Salernitana until 30 June 2024)[120]
MF Belgium BEL Charles De Ketelaere (at Atalanta until 30 June 2024)[121]
MF Italy ITA Antonio Gala (at Sestri Levante until 30 June 2024)[122]
MF Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Rade Krunić (at Fenerbache until 30 June 2024)[123]
MF Belgium BEL Alexis Saelemaekers (at Bologna until 30 June 2024)[124]
No. Pos. Nation Player
FW Italy ITA Gabriele Alesi (at Sampdoria until 30 June 2024)[125]
FW Italy ITA Lorenzo Colombo (at Monza until 30 June 2024)[126]
FW Italy ITA Maikol Cifuentes (at Lecco until 30 June 2024)[127]
FW Serbia SRB Marko Lazetić (at Fortuna Sittard until 30 June 2024)[128]
FW Italy ITA Daniel Maldini (at Monza until 30 June 2024)[129]
FW Italy ITA Marco Nasti (at Bari until 30 June 2024)[130]
FW Italy ITA Bob Murphy Omoregbe (at Sestri Levante until 30 June 2024)[131]
FW Belgium BEL Divock Origi (at Nottingham Forest until 30 June 2024)[132]
FW Argentina ARG Luka Romero (at Almería until 30 June 2024)[133]
FW Ivory Coast CIV Chaka Traorè (at Palermo until 30 June 2024)[134]

Youth Sector

List of Youth Sector players with a first-team shirt number

As of 13 January 2024[135][136]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
73 FW Italy ITA Francesco Camarda
74 DF Spain ESP Álex Jiménez (on loan from Real Madrid Castilla)
78 GK Italy ITA Andrea Bartoccioni
81 MF Nigeria NGA Victor Eletu
82 DF Serbia SRB Jan-Carlo Simić
84 DF France FRA Clinton Nsiala
No. Pos. Nation Player
85 MF Italy ITA Kevin Zeroli
92 GK France FRA Noah Raveyre
95 DF Italy ITA Davide Bartesaghi
96 GK Italy ITA Lorenzo Torriani
97 FW Italy ITA Diego Sia

Milan Women

Former players

Club captains

Player records

Retired numbers

No. Player Nationality Position Milan debut Last match Ref
3 Paolo Maldini  Italy Centre back / Left back 20 January 1985 31 May 2009 [137]
6 Franco Baresi  Italy Sweeper 23 April 1978 1 June 1997 [137]

Coaching staff

Paulo Fonseca is the current head coach of the club.
As of 6 September 2023[138]
Position Name
Head coach Portugal Paulo Fonseca
Assistant coach Italy Giacomo Murelli
Technical assistants Italy Daniele Bonera
Italy Davide Lucarelli
Italy Luciano Vulcano
Goalkeeping coach Wales Tony Roberts
Italy Luigi Ragno
Fitness coaches Italy Andrea Riboli
Italy Matteo Osti
Italy Roberto Peressutti
Video analyst Italy Gianmarco Pioli
Match analyst Italy Jesse Fioranelli
Head of scouting France Geoffrey Moncada
Academy manager Italy Angelo Carbone
Head of medical Italy Stefano Mazzoni

Chairmen and managers

Chairmen history

Alfred Edwards, the first chairman of the club from 1899 to 1909.

Milan has had numerous chairmen[nb 5] over the course of its history. Here is a complete list of them.[139]

Name Years
Alfred Edwards 1899–1909
Piero Pirelli 1909–1928
Luigi Ravasco 1928–1930
Mario Benazzoli 1930–1933
Commission 1933
Luigi Ravasco 1933–1935
Pietro Annoni 1935–1936
Regency 1936
Emilio Colombo 1936–1939
Achille Invernizzi 1939–1940
Commission 1940–1944
Name Years
Regency 1944–1945
Umberto Trabattoni 1945–1954
Andrea Rizzoli 1954–1963
Felice Riva 1963–1965
Commission 1965–1966
Luigi Carraro 1966–1967
Franco Carraro 1967–1971
Federico Sordillo 1971–1972
Albino Buticchi 1972–1975
Bruno Pardi 1975–1976
Vittorio Duina 1976–1977
Name Years
Felice Colombo 1977–1980
Gaetano Morazzoni 1980–1982
Giuseppe Farina 1982–1986
Rosario Lo Verde 1986
Silvio Berlusconi 1986–2004
Regency 2004–2006
Silvio Berlusconi 2006–2008
Regency 2008–2017
Li Yonghong 2017–2018
Paolo Scaroni 2018–

Managerial history

Nereo Rocco, with 10 trophies, was the most successful manager in the history of AC Milan.

Below is a list of Milan managers from 1900 until the present day.[140]

Name Nationality Years
Herbert Kilpin England 1900–1908
Daniele Angeloni Italy 1906–1907
Technical Commission Italy 1907–1910
Giovanni Camperio Italy 1910–1911
Technical Commission Italy 1911–1914
Guido Moda Italy 1915–1922
Ferdi Oppenheim Austria 1922–1924
Vittorio Pozzo Italy 1924–1926
Guido Moda Italy 1926
Herbert Burgess England 1926–1928
Engelbert König Austria 1928–1931
József Bánás Hungary 1931–1933
József Viola Hungary 1933–1934
Adolfo Baloncieri Italy 1934–1937
William Garbutt England 1937
Hermann Felsner
József Bánás
Federal State of Austria
József Viola Hungary 1938–1940
Guido Ara
Antonio Busini
Mario Magnozzi Italy 1941–1943
Giuseppe Santagostino Italy 1943–1945
Adolfo Baloncieri Italy 1945–1946
Giuseppe Bigogno Italy 1946–1949
Lajos Czeizler Hungary 1949–1952
Gunnar Gren Sweden 1952
Mario Sperone Italy 1952–1953
Béla Guttmann Hungary 1953–1954
Antonio Busini Italy 1954
Hector Puricelli Uruguay 1954–1956
Giuseppe Viani Italy 1957–1960
Paolo Todeschini Italy 1960–1961
Nereo Rocco Italy 1961–1963
Luis Carniglia Argentina 1963–1964
Nils Liedholm Sweden 1963–1966
Giovanni Cattozzo Italy 1966
Arturo Silvestri Italy 1966–1967
Nereo Rocco Italy 1967–1972
Cesare Maldini Italy 1973–1974
Giovanni Trapattoni Italy 1974
Name Nationality Years
Gustavo Giagnoni Italy 1974–1975
Nereo Rocco Italy 1975
Paolo Barison Italy 1975–1976
Giovanni Trapattoni Italy 1976
Giuseppe Marchioro Italy 1976–1977
Nereo Rocco Italy 1977
Nils Liedholm Sweden 1977–1979
Massimo Giacomini Italy 1979–1981
Italo Galbiati Italy 1981
Luigi Radice Italy 1981–1982
Italo Galbiati Italy 1982
Francesco Zagatti Italy 1982
Ilario Castagner Italy 1982–1984
Italo Galbiati Italy 1984
Nils Liedholm Sweden 1984–1987
Fabio Capello Italy 1987
Arrigo Sacchi Italy 1987–1991
Fabio Capello Italy 1991–1996
Óscar Tabárez
Giorgio Morini
Arrigo Sacchi Italy 1996–1997
Fabio Capello Italy 1997–1998
Alberto Zaccheroni Italy 1998–2001
Cesare Maldini
Mauro Tassotti
Italy 2001
Fatih Terim
Antonio Di Gennaro
Carlo Ancelotti Italy 2001–2009
Leonardo Brazil 2009–2010
Massimiliano Allegri Italy 2010–2014
Mauro Tassotti (caretaker) Italy 2014
Clarence Seedorf Netherlands 2014
Filippo Inzaghi Italy 2014–2015
Siniša Mihajlović Serbia 2015–2016
Cristian Brocchi Italy 2016
Vincenzo Montella Italy 2016–2017
Gennaro Gattuso Italy 2017–2019
Marco Giampaolo Italy 2019
Stefano Pioli Italy 2019–2024
Paulo Fonseca Portugal 2024–

AC Milan as a company

AC Milan headquarters in Milan
Entrance to Milanello, the AC Milan training facility

On 13 April 2017 Milan became a subsidiary of Rossoneri Sport Investment Luxembourg, which acquired 99.9% shares of AC Milan S.p.A. from Fininvest. Li Yonghong became the new chairman[nb 5] and Marco Fassone was confirmed as CEO.[141][142] Li Yonghong's investment vehicle was removed as the shareholder of Rossoneri Sport Investment Luxembourg after defaulting to Elliott Management Corporation, which lent a large sum of money to Li to finalise the acquisition.[143][144] Other partners of Elliott were Arena Investors[144] and Blue Skye, according to news reports.[145] Elliott nominated a new board of directors for both Rossoneri Sport Investment Luxembourg and Milan, with Paolo Scaroni as the new chairman (Italian: presidente) of the board of Milan. The four previous Chinese member of the board and former CEO Marco Fassone were all dismissed.[146]

According to The Football Money League published by consultants Deloitte, in the 2005–06 season, Milan was the fifth-highest earning football club in the world with an estimated revenue of €233.7 million.[147] However, it fell to twelfth in 2013–14 season. The club is also ranked as the eighth-wealthiest football club in the world by Forbes magazine as of 2014, making it the wealthiest in Italian football, just surpassing ninth-ranked Juventus by a narrow margin.[18]

Emirates is the current main sponsor for Milan's shirt starting from the 2010–11 season and through to the 2019–20 season.[148] Previously, German car manufacturer Opel (owned by General Motors) had sponsored Milan for 12 seasons.[149] For most of those 12 years, "Opel" was displayed on the front of the shirt, but in the 2003–04 and the 2005–06 seasons respectively, "Meriva" and "Zafira" (two cars from the company's range) were displayed.

The current shirts are supplied by Puma. Previously it was supplied by German sportswear manufacturer Adidas, whose deal was scheduled to run until 2023.[150] The deal made Adidas the official manufacturer of all kits, training equipment and replica outfits. However, an early termination of the deal was announced in October 2017,[151] effective on 30 June 2018. Prior to Adidas, the Italian sports company Lotto produced Milan's sportswear.

As a consequence of the aggregate 2.5-year financial result in the reporting periods ending at 31 December 2015, 31 December 2016 and 30 June 2017 (a FFP-adjusted net loss of €146 million, €121 million in excess of the acceptable deviation in the regulation[152]: 9 ), Milan was initially banned from European competitions due to breach in UEFA Financial Fair Play Regulations. However, the European ban was lifted by an appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport.[152] Milan was allowed to achieve the break even condition on or before 30 June 2021.[153]

AC Milan Group
consolidated financial statement
(In millions of euros)
Year Revenue Profit Total Assets Equity Re-capitalization
2006[154] 00 305.111 0000 11.904 00 287.065 Decrease −40.768 Decrease 001.464
2007[155] Decrease 275.442 Decrease031.716 Increase 303.678 Decrease −47.483 Increase 025.000
2008[156][157] Decrease 237.900 Decrease066.838 Increase 325.625 Decrease −64.482 Increase 050.000
2009[158] (restated)[159] Increase 307.349 Increase009.836 Increase 394.150 Decrease −71.978 Decrease 002.340
2010[159][160] Decrease 253.196 Decrease069.751 Decrease 380.868 Decrease −96.693 Increase 045.068
2011[161] Increase 266.811 Increase067.334 Decrease 363.756 Increase −77.091 Increase 087.060
2012[162] Increase 329.307 Increase006.857 Decrease 334.284 Increase −54.948 Decrease 029.000
2013[163] Decrease 278.713 Decrease015.723 Increase 354.595 Decrease −66.921 Decrease 003.750
2014[164][165] Decrease 233.574 Decrease091.285 Decrease 291.301 Decrease −94.206[nb 6] Increase 064.000
2015 (restated)[166] Decrease 213.426 Increase089.079 Increase 362.156 Increase −50.557 Increase 150.000
2016[167] Increase 236.128 Increase074.871 Decrease 315.200 Steady −50.427 Decrease 075.000
2017 (first half)[168][169][170] Decrease 102.866 Increase032.624 Increase 447.557 Increase 029.969 Increase 059.520 + 53.500
2017–18 Increase 255.733[171]: 42 [172][173] Decrease −126.019[171]: 43 [172][173] Decrease 435.166[171]: 40  Decrease −36.043[171]: 41 [173] Decrease 038.88[174] + 21.1032[175] (59.983)[171]: 115 
2018–19 Decrease 242.637[176] Decrease −145.985[176] Increase 455.954 Increase 82.286
2019–20 Decrease 192.317[177] Decrease −194.616[177] Decrease 380.588[177] Decrease 34.124[177]
2020–21 Increase 261.1[178] Increase −96.4 Increase 405.7 Increase 67.3
2021–22 Increase 297.7[179] Increase −66.5

Note: Re-capitalization figures were obtained from item versamenti soci in conto capitale e/o copertura perdite, for 2006 to 2017 financial year

Superleague Formula

Milan took part in three editions of the Superleague Formula, from 2008 to 2010. This car competition involved the participation of professional racing teams sponsored by international football teams. The Rossoneri supported the Dutch team Scuderia Playteam in the first season, then Azerti Motorsport in 2009 and the Atech Grand Prix in 2010. The team took several victories and pole positions, and finished third in the final standings of the 2008 championship with Robert Doornbos, former Minardi and Red Bull driver in the Formula 1 World Championship, as main driver.[180] In the same year, Doornbos achieved his team's first victory at the Nürburgring circuit in Germany. Giorgio Pantano drove for Milan in the 2009 season and he has also won races for the team.[181]

See also


  1. ^ Being in South America, Boca Juniors's and Independiente's titles are with CONMEBOL instead of UEFA
  2. ^ Shared with Barcelona and Real Madrid
  3. ^ Shared with Boca Juniors, Nacional, Peñarol and Real Madrid
  4. ^ Shared with Barcelona and Real Madrid
  5. ^ a b The Italian word for chairman of the board of directors was Presidente. However, it was not equal to the English meaning of president of a company.
  6. ^ The full restated financial statement of 2014 was not available; in 2016 Annual Report, the equity at the end of 2014 financial year was stated as negative 111.616 million


  1. ^ "Organisational chart". Associazione Calcio Milan. Archived from the original on 7 October 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  2. ^ a b "La nascita di un mito" [The birth of a myth]. Maglia Rossonera (in Italian). Archived from the original on 14 June 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
  3. ^ "RedBird Capital Partners completes acquisition of AC Milan". Associazione Calcio Milan. 31 August 2022. Archived from the original on 29 November 2022. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  4. ^ "Relazione e bilancio al 30 giugno 2019" [Financial statement as of 30 June 2019] (PDF) (in Italian). Associazione Calcio Milan. 18 October 2019. p. 14. Archived (PDF) from the original on 22 October 2020. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Chi Siamo" [About]. APA Milan (in Italian). 15 May 2017. Archived from the original on 17 October 2020. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  6. ^ From Sporting Lisbon to Athletic Bilbao — why do we get foreign clubs' names wrong? Archived 7 April 2023 at the Wayback Machine, Michael Cox, The Athletic, 16 March 2023
  7. ^ a b c d "History". Associazione Calcio Milan. Archived from the original on 7 October 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  8. ^ a b Neil Heath (17 November 2009). "AC Milan's Nottingham-born hero". BBC. Archived from the original on 4 November 2017. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  9. ^ "Albo d'oro". (in Italian). Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie A. Archived from the original on 18 October 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Honours". Associazione Calcio Milan. Archived from the original on 7 October 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  11. ^ "International Cups Trivia". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Archived from the original on 2 October 2020. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  12. ^ Conn, Tom (21 December 2014). "Real Madrid match AC Milan and Boca Juniors with 18 international titles". Inside Spanish Football. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  13. ^ "Milan loses the throne. Al Ahly is the most successful club in the world". Football Magazine. 22 February 2014. Archived from the original on 22 December 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  14. ^ "AC Milan: Serie A club plan to move out of San Siro to new 70,000-capacity stadium". BBC Sport. 27 September 2023. Retrieved 28 May 2024.
  15. ^ "History of San Siro stadium". Archived from the original on 13 August 2022. Retrieved 8 July 2022.
  16. ^ a b "Struttura". (in Italian). San Siro. Archived from the original on 21 February 2019. Retrieved 8 April 2023.
  17. ^ "Is this the greatest derby in world sports?". 26 January 2010. Archived from the original on 20 October 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  18. ^ a b "Soccer Team Valuations". 30 April 2008. Archived from the original on 29 September 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  19. ^ "ECA Members". European Club Association. Archived from the original on 4 June 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  20. ^ Citato in Matteo Chiamenti, Il papà del Milan Archived 31 December 2021 at the Wayback Machine, Milan, 8 settembre 2010
  21. ^ Citato in Exclusive New ACMilan Jersey 2012/13, Il papà del Milan Archived 31 December 2021 at the Wayback Machine,, 20. September 2012
  22. ^ "History of the AC Milan". Associazione Calcio Milan. Archived from the original on 4 April 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  23. ^ "History of Medaglia del Re". Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  24. ^ "History of the Palla Dapples". Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  25. ^ "History of FGNI tournament". Archived from the original on 22 December 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  26. ^ "Inter – History". F.C. Internazionale Milano. Archived from the original on 30 January 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2010.
  27. ^ "Coppa Federale 1915–16". 24 December 2018. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  28. ^ "Coppa Mauro 1917–18". Archived from the original on 9 January 2012.
  29. ^ "Gianni Rivera". Archived from the original on 9 October 2015.
  30. ^ "Nereo Rocco". 6 December 2018. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  31. ^ "Champions League 1962/63". Associazione Calcio Milan. Archived from the original on 26 November 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  32. ^ Video highlights Archived 12 April 2020 at the Wayback Machine from official Pathé News archive
  33. ^ a b Dan Warren (25 July 2006). "The worst scandal of them all". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 12 June 2007. Retrieved 4 October 2010.
  34. ^ "The great European Cup teams: Milan 1989–90". The Guardian. 24 May 2013. Archived from the original on 2 November 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  35. ^ a b "Longest unbeaten runs in European league football". UEFA. 4 February 2016. Archived from the original on 14 June 2017. Retrieved 3 June 2017.
  36. ^ "Brazil's 1970 winning team voted best of all time". Reuters. 9 July 2007. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  37. ^ a b c "Fabio Capello". AC Milan. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  38. ^ Bloomfield, Craig (15 February 2012). "The Milan team with a Better record than Arsenal's unbeaten side – remembering AC Milan's very own Invincibles". talkSPORT. Archived from the original on 19 November 2018. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  39. ^ a b c "Teams of the Decade #14: Milan 2002–07". Zonal Marking. 22 January 2010. Archived from the original on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  40. ^ "2006/07: Milan avenge Liverpool defeat". UEFA. Archived from the original on 19 April 2010. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  41. ^ a b "Carlo Ancelotti". AC Milan. Archived from the original on 22 October 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  42. ^ "Calciopoli: The sentences in full". Channel 4. 14 July 2006. Archived from the original on 17 July 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
  43. ^ Hughes, Rob (3 October 2006). "Soccer: Odor of corruption from root of game". International Herald Tribune. London. Archived from the original on 7 April 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
  44. ^ "Punishments cut for Italian clubs". BBC Sport. 25 July 2006. Archived from the original on 22 August 2006. Retrieved 30 July 2006.
  45. ^ "AC Milan win 2010–11 Serie A title". 7 May 2011. Archived from the original on 17 January 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  46. ^ "How AC Milan won the Serie A title". 8 May 2011. Archived from the original on 17 January 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  47. ^ "Comunicato Stampa – Milan: Fininvest firma preliminare di vendita con cordata cinese" [Press Release – Milan: Fininvest signs preliminary selling agreement with Chinese group of investors] (PDF). (in Italian). Fininvest. 5 August 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 September 2016. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
  48. ^ "Comunicato congiunto Fininvest-Rossoneri Sport Inv.Lux – CLOSING AC MILAN" (PDF). Fininvest. 13 April 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 April 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  49. ^ Furgiuele, Marcello. "Milan in Chinese hands: A closer look at the acquisition of AC Milan". Calcio e Finanza. Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  50. ^ Mesco, Manuela (13 April 2017). "Berlusconi Completes Sale of AC Milan Soccer Club to Chinese Investor". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 30 March 2019. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  51. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 July 2018. Retrieved 19 July 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  52. ^ "The final countdown – Yonghong Li must pay €32 million today or lose Milan". 6 July 2018. Archived from the original on 11 July 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  53. ^ "Elliott Ushers in New Chapter at AC Milan". Business Wire. 10 July 2018. Archived from the original on 10 July 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  54. ^ "Cda Milan, usciranno i quattro membri cinesi: Yonghong Li, Han Li, Renshuo Xu e Bo Lu". (in Italian). 11 July 2018. Archived from the original on 12 July 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  55. ^ "Milan sack Vincenzo Montella and put Gennaro Gattuso in charge". The Guardian. 27 November 2017. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 25 July 2020. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  56. ^ "CFCB Adjudicatory Chamber renders AC Milan decision". CFCB Adjudicatory Chamber (Press release). UEFA. 27 June 2018. Archived from the original on 29 June 2018. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  57. ^ "Milan in Europa League: accolto il ricorso al Tas". Corriere dello Sport (in Italian). 20 July 2018. Archived from the original on 18 November 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  58. ^ "AC Milan v. UEFA: CAS annuls the sanction and refers the case back to UEFA to issue a proportionate disciplinary measure" (PDF). Court of Arbitration for Sport. 20 July 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2018.
  59. ^ "Consent Award issued by CAS in the arbitration procedure between AC Milan S.p.A and UEFA" (PDF). Court of Arbitration for Sport. 20 July 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 June 2019. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  60. ^ hermesauto (27 May 2019). "Football: AC Milan miss out on top-four finish in Serie A despite win over SPAL". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 29 December 2020. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  61. ^ Jones, Matt. "Gennaro Gattuso Announces 'Painful' Decision to Step Down as AC Milan Manager". Bleacher Report. Archived from the original on 25 July 2020. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  62. ^ "Milan fuori dall'Europa League, il Torino ai preliminari. Roma ai gironi" (in Italian). 28 June 2019. Archived from the original on 29 June 2019. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  63. ^ "Official: Milan sack Giampaolo". Archived from the original on 18 September 2020. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  64. ^ "Stefano Pioli: AC Milan boss signs new two-year contract". BBC Sport. 22 July 2020. Archived from the original on 24 July 2020. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  65. ^ "MVP SERIE A 2021/2022 – RAFAEL LEAO BEST OVERALL | News | Lega Serie A". Archived from the original on 31 May 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  66. ^ "THE MVPs OF THE SERIE A 2021/2022 | News | Lega Serie A". Archived from the original on 30 May 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  67. ^ "STEFANO PIOLI COACH OF THE SEASON OF THE SERIE A TIM 2021/2022 | News | Lega Serie A". Archived from the original on 22 May 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  68. ^ "Redbird Agrees $1.3 Billion Takeover of AC Milan Football Club". Bloomberg. 1 June 2022. Archived from the original on 1 June 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  69. ^ "AC Milan – Sevilla FC" (PDF). Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). 25 July 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  70. ^ a b c "AC Milan". Weltfussballarchiv. 25 July 2007. Archived from the original on 16 September 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2009.
  71. ^ "Sono passati 40 anni dalla prima volta dei nomi sulle maglie". 11 June 2020. Archived from the original on 9 March 2023. Retrieved 9 March 2023.
  72. ^ Nicola Calzaretta (August 2012). "La maglia più bella". Guerin Sportivo. pp. 99–112.
  73. ^ "Adidas and AC Milan Present 2013–14 Away Jersey". Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
  74. ^ "In Conversation | Gianluca Lapadula". SoccerBible. 18 May 2017. Archived from the original on 29 July 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  75. ^ "Puma and AC Milan Announce Long-Term Partnership" (Press release). AC Milan. 12 February 2018. Archived from the original on 9 June 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  76. ^ "AC Milan sign deal with PUMA". ESPN FC. 12 February 2018. Archived from the original on 1 March 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  77. ^ "AC Milan and Adidas extend to 2023 – SportsPro Media". 9 October 2013. Archived from the original on 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  78. ^ "AC Milan News – Latest and real time updates". AC Milan. Archived from the original on 23 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  79. ^ "OFFICIAL: Milan Sign Puma Kit Deal". Footy Headlines. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  80. ^ "Tony Renis: "Ecco racconto come è nato l'inno del Milan: è stata un'idea di Berlusconi"". Milan News (in Italian). Archived from the original on 7 October 2022. Retrieved 22 January 2023.
  81. ^ "AC Milan's anthem: all the official AC Milan's songs". AC Milan. Archived from the original on 11 October 2022. Retrieved 22 January 2023.
  82. ^ "AC Milan stadiums". Archived from the original on 29 July 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2023.
  83. ^ "Ecco il nuovo stadio del Milan Arena da 42 mila posti al Portello". Corriere della Sera. 11 December 2014. Archived from the original on 11 December 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  84. ^ "AC Milan to stay at San Siro after scrapping plans to build new stadium". 11 September 2015. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  85. ^ "Fassone: "Investment and Entertainment Our Aims"". Archived from the original on 11 September 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
  86. ^ "AC Milan take 'first step' in new stadium project". 27 September 2023. Archived from the original on 28 September 2023. Retrieved 28 September 2023.
  87. ^ "Research: Supporters of football clubs in Italy". La Repubblica official website (in Italian). August 2007. Archived from the original on 29 September 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2008.
  88. ^ a b "AC Milan vs. Inter Milan". 25 July 2007. Archived from the original on 13 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  89. ^ a b c "Italian Ultras Scene". View from the Terrace. 29 June 2007. Archived from the original on 18 June 2008.
  90. ^ "AC Milan". 25 July 2007. Archived from the original on 13 May 2007. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  91. ^ "AC Milan". 25 July 2007. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007.
  92. ^ Ranking of European teams supporters: Barcelona first with 57.8 million, followed by Real Madrid (31.3 million), Manchester United (30.6 million), Chelsea (21.4 million), Bayern Munich (20.7 million) and Milan (18.4 million). "Tifo: Barcellona la regina d'Europa" (in Italian). 9 September 2010. Archived from the original on 10 September 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2010. "Calcio, Barcellona club con più tifosi in Europa, Inter 8/a" (in Italian). la Repubblica. 9 September 2010. Archived from the original on 30 October 2010. Retrieved 10 September 2010.
  93. ^ "The 50 football clubs with the highest average attendance in the world this season". Givemesport. 12 February 2020. Archived from the original on 24 March 2021. Retrieved 23 March 2021.
  94. ^ "A Milan derby on neutral ground". Archived from the original on 16 March 2023. Retrieved 16 March 2023.
  95. ^ "Milan game ended by crowd trouble". BBC Sport. 25 July 2007. Archived from the original on 5 February 2006. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  96. ^ "The History of Clasico". Serie A TIM on Archived from the original on 8 March 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  97. ^ "Milan-Juve in Field History". Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  98. ^ "Genoa Bans Milan Fans From Sunday Match". 29 June 2007. Archived from the original on 11 October 2007.
  99. ^ ""Forza Milan", 55 anni dopo chiude il mensile rossonero". Milan Live (in Italian). 19 June 2018. Archived from the original on 13 June 2020. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  100. ^ "Top 5 UEFA's Badge of Honour Winners". 25 July 2007. Archived from the original on 16 November 2006.
  101. ^ "Maldini infinito: e sono 600" (in Italian). Gazzetta dello Sport. 14 May 2001. Archived from the original on 25 July 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2010.
  102. ^ "Maldini sets new Serie A record". BBC Sport. 25 July 2007. Archived from the original on 12 January 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  103. ^ "AC Milan". 25 July 2007. Archived from the original on 5 August 2007. Retrieved 2 December 2006.
  104. ^ "Milano History and Records". Milanista Olympia. 25 July 2007. Archived from the original on 31 March 2006.
  105. ^ Edwards, Piers (25 July 2007). "Unbeaten half-century for Ahly". BBC Sport. Archived from the original on 1 August 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2010.
  106. ^ "Milan top of the world!". Archived from the original on 18 December 2007. Retrieved 17 December 2007.
  107. ^ "Meteb's injury-time goal gives Ahly final triumph". CAF. 6 December 2014. Archived from the original on 27 May 2016. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  108. ^ "2009 Bilancio" [2009 annual report] (PDF) (in Italian). AC Milan. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
  109. ^ "Kaka joins Real Madrid in world record $89 million transfer". 9 June 2009. Archived from the original on 11 July 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
  110. ^ "Ronaldo bid accepted". Manchester united F.C. 11 June 2009. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  111. ^ "Zidane al Real" (in Italian). Juventus F.C. 9 July 2001. Archived from the original on 6 August 2001. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  112. ^ "Reports and Financial Statements at 30 June 2002" (PDF). Juventus F.C. 28 October 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 June 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
  113. ^ "Men's First Team". Associazione Calcio Milan. Archived from the original on 5 June 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2024.
  114. ^ a b Finulli, Francesco (13 June 2022). "La fascia passa di braccio: Calabria sarà il nuovo capitano, Theo il vice" [The armband passes on: Calabria to be the new captain, Theo his deputy]. (in Italian). Archived from the original on 13 June 2022. Retrieved 1 July 2022.
  115. ^ "UFFICIALE: Ascoli, innesto tra i pali. Arriva il colombiano Devis Estiven Vasquez Llach" [OFFICIAL: Ascoli[...] arrives Colombian Devis Vasquez]. (in Italian). 19 January 2024. Archived from the original on 19 January 2024. Retrieved 19 January 2024.
  116. ^ "OFFICIAL STATEMENT: FODÉ BALLO-TOURÉ". 2 September 2023. Archived from the original on 2 September 2023. Retrieved 2 September 2023.
  117. ^ "Official [...] Milan, Bozzolan loaned to Perugia". 3 August 2023. Archived from the original on 3 August 2023. Retrieved 3 August 2023.
  118. ^ "Ufficiale Carpi:[...] dal Milan arriva il terzino Cecotti" [OFFICIAL Carpi, from Milan, here the defensive back Cecotti]. (in Italian). 24 July 2023. Archived from the original on 24 July 2023. Retrieved 24 July 2023.
  119. ^ "Ufficiale Pro Sesto, arriva un giovane terzino dal Milan" [OFFICIAL Pro Sesto, loaned from Milan a young defender]. (in Italian). 19 July 2023. Archived from the original on 25 July 2023. Retrieved 19 July 2023.
  120. ^ "OFFICIAL STATEMENT: MARCO PELLEGRINO". 1 February 2024. Retrieved 1 February 2024.
  121. ^ "CHARLES DE KETELAERE IS AN ATALANTA PLAYER!". Atalanta BC. 16 August 2023. Archived from the original on 16 August 2023. Retrieved 16 August 2023.
  122. ^ "Ufficiale Milan, il giovane Gala va [...] in prestito al Sestri Levante" [OFFICIAL Milan, youth Gala [...] loaned to Sestri Levante]. (in Italian). 19 July 2023. Archived from the original on 25 July 2023. Retrieved 19 July 2023.
  123. ^ "UFFICIALE: Krunic è un giocatore del Fenerbahce. Il comunicato del Milan e i dettagli della cessione" [OFFICIAL: Krunic is a Fenerbache player [...]]. (in Italian). 13 January 2024. Archived from the original on 13 January 2024. Retrieved 13 January 2024.
  124. ^ "OFFICIAL STATEMENT: ALEXIS SAELEMAEKERS". 30 August 2023. Archived from the original on 30 August 2023. Retrieved 2 September 2023.
  125. ^ "Ufficiale Sampdoria: il rinforzo in attacco arriva dal Milan, ecco Alesi" [OFFICIAL Sampdoria, the new forwarded arrives from Milan: here's Alesi]. (in Italian). 22 July 2023. Archived from the original on 25 July 2023. Retrieved 22 July 2023.
  126. ^ "Ufficale: Lorenzo Colombo è del Monza, arriva in prestito" [Official: Official: Colombo to Monza on loan]. Tutto Mercato (in Italian). 1 September 2023. Archived from the original on 1 September 2023. Retrieved 1 September 2023.
  127. ^ "Lecco: depositato il contratto di prestio di [...] Maikol Cifuentes dal Milan" [Lecco: contract acknowledged for the loan of [...] Maikol Cifiuentes from Milan]. (in Italian). 22 January 2024. Archived from the original on 22 January 2024. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  128. ^ "OFFICIAL STATEMENT: MARKO LAZETIĆ". AC Milan. 24 August 2023. Archived from the original on 24 August 2023. Retrieved 25 August 2023.
  129. ^ "UFFICIALE: Daniel Maldini lascia l'Empoli e va al Monza. Operazione chiusa a titolo temporaneo" [OFFICIAL: Daniel Maldini [...] to Monza. Transfer on loan]. (in Italian). 10 January 2024. Archived from the original on 10 January 2024. Retrieved 10 January 2024.
  130. ^ "Ufficiale Bari, colpo in attacco: dal Milan Arriva in prestio [...] Nasti" [OFFICIAL Bari, forwraded purchased: loaned from Milan [...] Nasti]. (in Italian). 16 July 2023. Archived from the original on 16 July 2023. Retrieved 16 July 2023.
  131. ^ "UFFICIALE: Omorgbe [...] rientra al Milan che lo gira al Sestri Levante" [OFFICIAL: Omoregbe [...] returns to Milan and got loaned to Sestri Levante]. (in Italian). 9 January 2024. Archived from the original on 9 January 2024. Retrieved 9 January 2024.
  132. ^ "OFFICIAL STATEMENT: DIVOCK ORIGI". 2 September 2023. Archived from the original on 2 September 2023. Retrieved 2 September 2023.
  133. ^ "Luka Romero, nuevo jugador del Almería" [Luka Romero, new Almería player] (in Spanish). Almería. 22 January 2024. Archived from the original on 25 January 2024. Retrieved 22 January 2024.
  134. ^ "OFFICIAL STATEMENT: CHAKA TRAORÈ". 1 February 2024. Retrieved 1 February 2024.
  135. ^ "Milan". Lega Serie A.