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COVID-19 pandemic in Arizona

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COVID-19 pandemic in Arizona
COVID-19 Prevalence in Arizona by county.svg
Map of the outbreak in Arizona by confirmed infections per 100,000 people (as of May 30)
  1000+ confirmed infected
  500 - 1000 confirmed infected
  100 - 500 confirmed infected
  20 - 100 confirmed infected
  0 - 20 confirmed infected
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationArizona, U.S.
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China[1][2]
Index caseTempe[3][4]
Arrival dateJanuary 26, 2020[3][4]
Confirmed cases19,936[5]
Hospitalized cases833 (current)
1,961 (cumulative)[5]
Critical cases334 (current)[5]
Ventilator cases212 (current)[5]
Deaths
906 [5]
Government website
https://www.azdhs.gov/preparedness/epidemiology-disease-control/infectious-disease-epidemiology/index.php#novel-coronavirus-home

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have reached the U.S. state of Arizona in January 2020.

The first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Arizona was announced by the Arizona Department of Health Services (ADHS) on January 26, 2020. A 20-year-old male student of Arizona State University (ASU), who had traveled to Wuhan, China, the point of origin of the outbreak,[1][2] was diagnosed with COVID-19 and placed in isolation. Twenty-six days after the initial diagnosis and subsequent isolation, and after repeated negative tests, the student was released from isolation and has since made a full recovery. This case was the fifth reported COVID-19 case overall in the United States at the time of the confirmation.[3][4][6]

Timeline[edit]

COVID-19 cases in Arizona, United States  ()
     Deaths        Active cases and recoveries

Mar Mar Apr Apr May May Last 15 days Last 15 days

Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-03-07
5(n.a.) 0
2020-03-10
6(+20%) 0
2020-03-11
9(+50%) 0
2020-03-12
9(+0%) 0
2020-03-13
9(+0%) 0
2020-03-14
12(+33%) 0
2020-03-16
18(+50%) 0
2020-03-17
20(+11%) 0
2020-03-18
27(+35%) 0
2020-03-19
44(+63%) 0
2020-03-20
63(+43%) 0
2020-03-21
104(+65%) 1
2020-03-22
152(+46%) 2(+100%)
2020-03-23
235(+55%) 2(0%)
2020-03-24
326(+39%) 5(+150%)
2020-03-25
401(+23%) 6(+20%)
2020-03-26
508(+27%) 8(+33.3%)
2020-03-27
665(+31%) 13(+62.5%)
2020-03-28
773(+16%) 15(+15.4)
2020-03-29
919(+19%) 17(+13.3%)
2020-03-30
1,157(+26%) 20(+17.6%)
2020-03-31
1,289(+11%) 24(+20%)
2020-04-01
1,413(+10%) 29(+20.1%)
2020-04-02
1,598(+13%) 32(+10.3%)
2020-04-03
1,769(+11%) 41(+28.2%)
2020-04-04
2,019(+14%) 52(+26.9%)
2020-04-05
2,269(+12%) 64(+23.1%)
2020-04-06
2,456(+8.2%) 65(+1.6%)
2020-04-07
2,575(+4.8%) 73(+12.3%)
2020-04-08
2,726(+5.9%) 80(+9.6%)
2020-04-09
3,018(+11%) 89(+11.3%)
2020-04-10
3,112(+3.1%) 97(+10.1%)
2020-04-11
3,393(+9.0%) 108(+11.3%)
2020-04-12
3,539(+4.3%) 115(+6.5%)
2020-04-13
3,702(+4.6%) 122(+6.1%)
2020-04-14
3,806(+2.8%) 131(+7.4%)
2020-04-15
3,962(+4.1%) 142(+8.4%)
2020-04-16
4,234(+6.9%) 150(+5.6%)
2020-04-17
4,507(+6.4%) 169(+12.7%)
2020-04-18
4,719(+4.7%) 177(+4.7%)
2020-04-19
4,929(+4.5%) 184(+4.0%)
2020-04-20
5,064(+2.7%) 187(+1.6%)
2020-04-21
5,251(+3.7%) 208(+11.2%)
2020-04-22
5,459(+4.0%) 229(+10.1%)
2020-04-23
5,769(+5.7%) 249(+8.7%)
2020-04-24
6,045(+4.8%) 266(+6.8%)
2020-04-25
6,280(+3.9%) 273(+2.6%)
2020-04-26
6,526(+3.9%) 275(+0.7%)
2020-04-27
6,716(+2.9%) 275(0%)
2020-04-28
6,948(+3.5%) 293(+6.5%)
2020-04-29
7,202(+3.7%) 304(+3.8%)
2020-04-30
7,648(+6.2%) 320(+5.2%)
2020-05-01
7,962(+3.9%) 330(+3%)
2020-05-02
8,364(+5.0%) 348(+5.5%)
2020-05-03
8,640(+3.3%) 362(+4.0%)
2020-05-04
8,919(+3.2%) 362(0%)
2020-05-05
9,305(+4.3%) 395(+9.1%)
2020-05-06
9,707(+4.3%) 426(+7.8%)
2020-05-07
9,945(+2.5%) 450(+5.6%)
2020-05-08
10,526(+5.8%) 517(+14.9%)
2020-05-09
10,960(+4.1%) 532(+2.9%)
2020-05-10
11,119(+1.5%) 536(+0.8%)
2020-05-11
11,380(+2.3%) 542(+1.1%)
2020-05-12
11,736(+3.1%) 562(+3.7%)
2020-05-13
12,176(+3.8%) 594(+5.7%)
2020-05-14
12,674(+4.1%) 624(+5.1%)
2020-05-15
13,169(+3.9%) 651(+4.3%)
2020-05-16
13,671(+3.8%) 679(+4.3%)
2020-05-17
13,937(+2.0%) 680(+0.1%)
2020-05-18
14,170(+1.7%) 686(+0.9%)
2020-05-19
14,566(+2.8%) 704(+2.6%)
2020-05-20
14,897(+2.3%) 747(+6.1%)
2020-05-21
15,315(+2.8%) 763(+2.1%)
2020-05-22
15,608(+1.9%) 775(+1.6%)
2020-05-23
16,039(+2.8%) 799(+3.1%)
2020-05-24
16,339(+1.9%) 800(+0.1%)
2020-05-25
16,561(+1.4%) 806(+0.8%)
2020-05-26
16,783(+1.3%) 807(+0.1%)
2020-05-27
17,262(+2.9%) 831(+3.0%)
2020-05-28
17,763(+2.9%) 857(+3.1%)
2020-05-29
18,465(+4.0%) 885(+3.3%)
2020-05-30
19,255(+4.3%) 903(+2.0%)
2020-05-31
19,936(+3.5%) 906(+0.3%)
Cases: The number of cases confirmed in Arizona.
Sources: ADHS.

County[a] Cases[b] Hospitalized Deaths Population Cases / 100k[c] Deaths / 100k[c] Number of
PCR Tests
Number of
Serology Tests
15 / 15 19,255 2,980 903 7,278,717 267.8 12.56 209,813 87,682
Apache 1,491 101 35 71,887 2,076.4 48.74 4,332 65
Cochise 72 13 3 125,922 55.0 2.29 2,960 672
Coconino 1,123 252 81 143,476 762.5 55.00 5,479 791
Gila 30 3 < 3 54,018 54.4 2,070 1,031
Graham 28 3 < 3 38,837 72.8 467 67
Greenlee 4 0 0 9,498 38.6 0.00 177 37
La Paz 70 5 < 3 21,108 317.0 744 467
Maricopa 9,522 1,529 430 4,485,414 218.0 9.84 130,451 63,371
Mohave 383 94 44 212,181 176.5 20.28 4,333 1,209
Navajo 1,833 213 59 110,924 1,624.6 52.29 6,186 437
Pima 2,290 468 185 1,047,279 219.2 17.71 28,025 9,094
Pinal 837 134 39 462,789 183.9 8.57 11,509 5,522
Santa Cruz 297 7 0 46,498 558.7 0.00 1,082 118
Yavapai 296 24 7 235,099 127.4 3.01 8,007 2,800
Yuma 979 134 14 213,787 425.7 6.09 7,361 2,019
As of May 30, 2020
Data is publicly reported by Arizona Department Of Health Services[7]
  1. ^ County where individuals with a positive case reside, not where they were diagnosed. Location of original infection may vary.
  2. ^ Reported confirmed cases. Actual case numbers are probably higher.
  3. ^ a b Reported incidence. Calculated from unknown population count.

March[edit]

On March 6, a woman from Pinal County was diagnosed with COVID-19. The woman, in her 40s, is a healthcare worker and was hospitalized at a Phoenix-area hospital, according to the Pinal County Public Health Department. This case was the first instance in Arizona of community spread, or where the source of the infection is unknown.[8]

On March 7, the Arizona Republic reported[9] that a Phoenix-area man in his 20s posted a video on YouTube stating that he had been diagnosed with COVID-19 on March 3 after traveling to Paris. The Republic did not name the man to protect his privacy and the video was later removed from YouTube. When the Republic contacted the man via Instagram, he declined to comment, then disabled public access to his Instagram profile. According to his LinkedIn page, the man worked for Riot House, a nightclub in the east/northeast Phoenix suburb of Scottsdale. On March 5, Riot House announced on Facebook that an employee "who has a communicable disease" visited the establishment around midnight on March 1, and had also been inside El Hefe, another establishment owned by the same parent company, around the same time. Riot House said they brought in a professional "medical-grade" cleaning company to deep-clean the two establishments per the guidance of the Maricopa County Department of Public Health. In the Republic report, it was mentioned that the department shared a statement on Twitter on March 5 saying that they had "interviewed the case and contacted all identified close contacts." The diagnosed man was apparently recovering in home isolation at last report.[10]

U.S. Representative Paul Gosar (R-Arizona) announced on March 8 that he and several of his staff had come into contact with an individual who soon afterward tested positive for COVID-19. The exposure happened at the annual Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC), which was held in the Washington, D.C, area (Fort Washington, MD) February 26–29. Gosar and the staff members went into self-isolation.[11]

On March 11, Jonathan Nez, president of the Navajo Nation (a large portion of which is located in northeastern Arizona) declared a state of emergency as a proactive measure to deal with the COVID-19 crisis.[12]

Arizona Governor Doug Ducey declared a public health emergency on March 12.[13] Dr. Cara Christ, director of ADHS, said there were no plans to limit large public gatherings as governors in other states have done.[citation needed]

As of March 12, there were nine confirmed cases of coronavirus in Arizona, including five from the same household in Pinal County (reportedly the household of the healthcare worker announced as being positive for COVID-19 on March 6).[citation needed]

Arizona State University President Michael Crow announced that school would switch beginning March 16 to online instruction "wherever possible" for a period of two weeks over concerns about the virus.[14] Similar measures were also taken by the University of Arizona (which announced it was extending its then-current spring break period by an additional two days before switching to online instruction)[15] and Northern Arizona University. On March 20, the University of Arizona announced that spring graduation ceremonies, scheduled for May 15, would be canceled, and an "alternate graduation experience" provided instead.[16]

On March 17, the first COVID-19 case within the Navajo Nation was confirmed in a 46-year-old resident of the Chilchinbito. Further measures, including restrictions on non-essential businesses on tribal land in an effort to limit visits by outside tourists, were announced on March 18; three tribal residents reportedly tested positive for COVID-19 as of the 18th. As of March 19, a total of 14 cases were identified within the Navajo Nation most of which had reported symptoms to the Kayenta Indian Health Service Unit in Kayenta, Arizona. Nine other Native American tribes, out of 22 in the state of Arizona, had also declared states of emergency applicable to their tribal lands.[17][18]

Tucson mayor Regina Romero declared a local emergency on March 17,[19] ordering many businesses to close, limiting restaurants to drive-thru and takeout. The emergency proclamation was released on the afternoon of St. Patrick's Day, one of the busiest drinking days of the year. All bars, theaters, museums, gyms, bowling alleys and other recreation and entertainment businesses were under a mandatory shutdown as of 8 p.m. and remain closed through the end of March. Among the exceptions were grocery stores, pharmacies, food pantries, banks, or vendors located at universities, houses of worship, at care homes and the Tucson airport. This order did not affect similar Pima County businesses outside of the city limits. Similar emergency declarations were announced by other city governments in the Phoenix area, led by mayor Kate Gallego of the city of Phoenix.[20] These measures came after U.S. Senator Kyrsten Sinema (D) admonished state and local leaders (on March 16) for not doing enough to stop the spread of COVID-19 in Arizona, as compared to what leaders in other states were doing.[21]

Several springtime public events in Tucson were canceled as a result of concerns over COVID-19, including the Tucson Festival of Books (held on the University of Arizona campus), the Fourth Avenue Street Fair, the Tucson Folk Festival,[22] and the Pima County Fair.[23]

Governor Ducey announced March 19 that he would limit restaurant service and close bars, theaters, and gyms in counties with confirmed cases of COVID-19. This directive, to take effect upon close of business March 20, would apply to six counties: Maricopa, which had 22 cases as of March 19; Pinal, which had 10; Pima, which had seven; Navajo, which had three; Coconino, which had one; and Graham, which had one. Ducey also called on the Arizona National Guard to help grocery stores and food banks restock shelves to protect food supplies; halted all elective surgeries "to free up medical resources and maintain the capacity for hospitals and providers to continue offering vital services;" extended expiration dates for drivers licenses 6 months so that residents who are 65 or older could renew them without waiting in line; authorized restaurants to deliver alcoholic beverages alongside food, and allowed manufacturers, wholesalers, and retailers to buy back unopened products from restaurants, bars and clubs. Ducey faced widespread criticism in the days prior to this directive from lawmakers and constituents who felt he was responding too slowly to the COVID-19 crisis.[24] On March 20, Ducey further stated that he saw no reason to go beyond that directive and issue a statewide stay-at-home order in Arizona as his counterparts in New York, California, and some other states had done.[25]

On March 20, ADHS and Maricopa County health officials announced the first death in the state from COVID-19: a Maricopa County man in his 50s with underlying health conditions.[26]

On March 30, Gov. Ducey issued a statewide stay at home order to stop the spread of new coronavirus, barring Arizonans from leaving their residences except for food, medicine, and other essentials. The order took effect at the close of business March 31.[27][28] On March 30 The National Guard builds a medical station in Chinle, Arizona, to help with the increase of COVID-19 cases in the Navajo Nation.[29]

April[edit]

On April 29, Gov. Ducey announced a partial reopening to begin on May 4 with details describing how some non-essential businesses can operate. The stay at home order was extended until May 15.[30] Barbershops along with nail and hair salons would begin reopening on May 8 while restaurants would be allowed to open dining rooms May 11.[31]

May[edit]

On May 12, Gov. Ducey announced that the stay at home order would be lifted May 15 and that gyms and pools could begin reopening on May 13.[32]

Sports curtailed[edit]

Major League Baseball (MLB) cancelled the remainder of spring training on March 12, affecting ten separate Cactus League venues in the Phoenix area (and over 66,000 seasonal and 2,000 volunteer jobs),[33] and on March 16, MLB announced that the regular season would be postponed indefinitely, after the recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to restrict events of more than 50 people for the next eight weeks, affecting every team that trains in Arizona: the Arizona Diamondbacks, Cleveland Indians, Cincinnati Reds, Chicago Cubs, Chicago White Sox, Colorado Rockies, Kansas City Royals, Los Angeles Dodgers, Los Angeles Angels, Milwaukee Brewers, Oakland Athletics, San Diego Padres, San Francisco Giants, Seattle Mariners, and the Texas Rangers.[34][35] The Cactus League attracts over 1 million visitors to the state and generates more than $600 million a year in economic impact to the greater Phoenix metropolitan economy.[33] In early April, MLB began discussing plans to conduct its 2020 season entirely in the Phoenix area, with teams playing at Chase Field and spring training complexes to empty crowds.[36]

In the National Basketball Association, the season was suspended for 30 days starting on March 12, affecting the Phoenix Suns. On March 19, Suns guard Devin Booker announced a pledge of $100,000 to launch a donation campaign on video streaming platform Twitch, which would be matched by Phoenix Suns Charities. The funds would benefit local Phoenix area charities assisting seniors, families and children, and help with local healthcare initiatives during the COVID-19 crisis including drive-through clinics.[37]

Also on March 12, the National Hockey League suspended the season indefinitely, affecting the Arizona Coyotes.[38]

Statistics[edit]

Arizona COVID-19 cases by gender and age
Classification Cases
Number (%)
All 16,783 (100.0)
Gender Male 7,914 (47.0)
Female 8,849 (53.0)
Unknown/Other 20 (0.0)
Age 65+ 3,463 (21.0)
55–64 2,491 (15.0)
45–54 2,768 (16.0)
20–44 6,610 (39.0)
0–19 1,443 (9.0)
Unknown 8 (0.0)
Source: Analysis by the Arizona Department of Health Services, as of May 26, 2020 at 4:40 PM PT.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cohen, Jon (January 2020). "Wuhan seafood market may not be source of novel virus spreading globally". Science. doi:10.1126/science.abb0611.
  2. ^ a b "Novel Coronavirus". World Health Organization. Archived from the original on February 2, 2020. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Tucker, Emma (January 26, 2020). "5th U.S. Case of Coronavirus Confirmed in Arizona". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Vandell, Perry. "First case of novel coronavirus reaches Arizona, 5th person in U.S. infected". azcentral. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "AZDHS | Epidemiology & Disease Control – Highlighted Infectious Disease for Arizona". Arizona Department of Health Services. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
  6. ^ Innes, Stephanie. "Arizona's only confirmed new coronavirus patient is out of isolation". azcentral. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  7. ^ "Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Data Dashboard". Arizona Department Of Health Service. Retrieved April 30, 2020.
  8. ^ "Pinal County health-care worker is third case of coronavirus confirmed in Arizona". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  9. ^ "Arizona man posts YouTube video that he has coronavirus: 'I'm healthy, I'm gonna be good'". azcentral. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  10. ^ O'Connor, Meg (March 19, 2020). "Every Arizona Coronavirus Case Confirmed So Far". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  11. ^ Hansen, Ronald J. "Rep. Paul Gosar, staff to self-quarantine after contact with coronavirus patient". azcentral. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  12. ^ Vandell, Perry. "Navajo Nation declares state of emergency amid new coronavirus concerns". azcentral. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  13. ^ Fischer, Howard (March 12, 2020). "Gov. Ducey declares health state of emergency for Arizona to fight coronavirus outbreak". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  14. ^ Hsieh, Steven (March 11, 2020). "ASU, University of Arizona Switching to Online Classes Over the Coronavirus". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  15. ^ "University of Arizona delays return to classes over coronavirus concerns". Arizona Daily Star. March 12, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  16. ^ Knott, Gloria. "University of Arizona cancels May 2020 commencement". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  17. ^ Silversmith, Shondiin. "Navajo Nation closes to visitors in response to coronavirus". azcentral. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  18. ^ Critchfield, Hannah (March 17, 2020). "14 Navajo Nation Members Test Positive for COVID-19, Emergency Order Declared". Phoenix New Times. Archived from the original on March 20, 2020. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
  19. ^ Burch, Cathalena E.; Sayers, Justin. "Last call: Tucson shuts down bars, other businesses to fight virus spread". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  20. ^ Steinbach, Alison. "Phoenix, other Arizona cities declare emergencies, closing bars and restaurants in fight against coronavirus". azcentral. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  21. ^ "Sen. Kyrsten Sinema: It's time to close bars, museums and gyms amid coronavirus crisis". azcentral. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  22. ^ Knott, Gloria. "Charities take a serious blow as coronavirus concerns cancel events during Tucson's busy season". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
  23. ^ "Pima County Fair canceled over coronavirus concern". KGUN. March 21, 2020. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
  24. ^ Polletta, Maria. "Ducey orders closure of bars, theaters and gyms in 6 Arizona counties; National Guard to help grocery stores". azcentral. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  25. ^ Fischer, Howard (March 20, 2020). "Ducey says no need for stay-at-home order for Arizonans". Arizona Daily Star. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
  26. ^ Innes, Stephanie. "Arizona's 1st death from coronavirus is a Maricopa County man in his 50s". azcentral. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
  27. ^ Bender, Bryan. "In Arizona, Liberty Trumps the Virus Fight. How's That Going?". POLITICO. Retrieved April 4, 2020.
  28. ^ Polletta, Maria. "Arizona governor issues 'stay-at-home' order; will take effect close of business Tuesday". azcentral. Retrieved March 30, 2020.
  29. ^ Stoney, Alyssa. "Arizona National Guard builds medical facility to help Navajo Nation coronavirus outbreak". azcentral. Retrieved March 30, 2020.
  30. ^ Polletta, Maria. "Ducey extends stay-at-home order through May 15 but eases some restrictions on businesses". azcentral.com. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  31. ^ Roberts, Laurie. "On the eve of Trump's Arizona visit, Ducey agrees to reopen more of Arizona. Coincidence?". azcentral. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  32. ^ "Ducey to end Arizona stay-at-home order Friday, enter phase 1 of reopening". ktar. Retrieved May 12, 2020.
  33. ^ a b Morin, Richard. "Baseball big part of life, family for new Cactus League director Bridget Binsbacher". azcentral. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  34. ^ "Opening of regular season to be pushed back". MLB.com. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  35. ^ "MLB cancels rest of spring training due to coronavirus concerns, delays Opening Day". azcentral. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  36. ^ Passan, Jeff (April 7, 2020). "Sources: MLB, players eye May return in Arizona". ESPN.com. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  37. ^ "Phoenix Suns: Devin Booker donating $100,000 for COVID-19 relief efforts". azcentral. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
  38. ^ Morin, Richard. "NHL joins NBA, others in suspending season due to coronavirus concerns". azcentral. Retrieved March 20, 2020.


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