2019 Jolo Cathedral bombings

From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia

2019 Jolo Cathedral bombings
Part of Moro conflict
Aftermath of the Jolo Cathedral bombings.jpg
Aftermath of the bombing inside the Cathedral of Our Lady of Mount Carmel.
Location of Our Lady of Mount Carmel Cathedral in Jolo, Sulu.
The site of the bombings.
LocationJolo, Sulu
Coordinates6°03′09″N 121°00′03″E / 6.0526°N 121.0009°E / 6.0526; 121.0009Coordinates: 6°03′09″N 121°00′03″E / 6.0526°N 121.0009°E / 6.0526; 121.0009
DateJanuary 27, 2019 (2019-01-27)
08:28[1] (UTC+08:00)
TargetOur Lady of Mount Carmel Cathedral, Jolo
Attack type
Explosion, mass murder, Suicide bombing, terrorism
WeaponsAmmonium nitrate pipe bombs[2]
Deaths20 (14 civilians, 5 soldiers and 1 coast-guardsman)[3]
VictimsChristians, security forces
PerpetratorsIslamic State of Iraq and the Levant Jamaah Ansharut Daulah[4][5][6]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Abu Sayyaf
(Ajang-Ajang faction)[7][8][9]
AssailantsRullie Rian Zeke and Ulfah Handayani Saleh[4][5][6]
No. of participants
MotiveIslamic extremism

On the morning of January 27, 2019, two bombs exploded at the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Our Lady of Mount Carmel in Jolo, Sulu, in the Philippines. Twenty people were killed and 102 others injured.[3] The bombings took place a week after the autonomy plebiscite held on January 21 for the creation of Bangsamoro Autonomous Region. It is believed that the attacks were carried out by the Abu Sayyaf, and the Islamic State claimed responsibility. Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte responded by issuing an "all-out war" directive against the Abu Sayyaf. The bombings were widely condemned by neighboring and distant countries, local and foreign organizations all issuing condemnations and condolences to the victims of the cathedral attack.


The bombings took place a week after the first part of an autonomous plebiscite held on January 21 for the creation of Bangsamoro Autonomous Region (BAR). This region will include all of Sulu Province, including the capital city of Jolo. Jolo is known to be a stronghold of the Abu Sayyaf group (ASG), an affiliate of the Islamic State terror organization, comprising activists from various clans or family-based factions operating under different commanders in the Sulu Archipelago: the group lacks a central command.[11][12] Sulu was the only province to vote against the Plebiscite, by a margin of 163,526 (54.3%) to 137,630 (45.7%).[13] Despite the results, Sulu Province would still be included in the BAR due to the high majority from other areas.[13]

The proposed Bangsamoro government plans to conduct crackdowns on firearms and local private armies and decommission their weapons once the new autonomous region is established.[14] The Philippine National Police (PNP) believes the attacks were carried out by ASG members in revenge for the deaths of their relatives during the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) military operations against their group. The police further said that the Sulu region has been receiving threats coming from this group.[12] Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines, Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, said poverty was also a contributing factor to the bombings as part of the long-time violence in the Mindanao region.[15]

The Abu Sayaf Group, or ASG, are known active kidnappers targeting foreigners in the waters of Sulu and Celebes Sea. Abdullah Sandakan, a former Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) militant based in the eastern Malaysian state of Sabah in Borneo island, names the ASG as "using ransom money that had earlier been paid to the ASG for the release of an Indonesian hostage in their recent kidnapping as a fund for the bombings plot".[16] Citing an unnamed Mindanao-based source, it was alleged a "huge sum" was paid by the Malaysian owner of the captive's fishing boat to secure the safe release of two Indonesian fishing boat workers that had been held hostage by the ASG (one had escaped his captors) abducted off Gaya Island off Semporna. Abdullah further alleged part of the ransom money was used by the ASG to pay villagers to shelter the bombing perpetrators.[16][17]


The Armed Forces of the Philippines’ Western Mindanao Command (AFP WestMinCom) released closed-circuit television (CCTV) footage of the bombing with the following timeline:

Timeline of the bombings (January 27):

  • 8:26 – People are shown going about Sunday errands.[1]
  • 8:28 – First improvised explosive device (IED) exploded inside the cathedral.[1]
  • 8:30 – From a different angle, people are seen walking towards the cathedral and running away as a second explosion rips through the Cathedral's parking area as troops from the 35th Infantry Battalion responded.[1][18]
All times are UTC (UTC+8).

WestMinCom stated that the second IED was placed inside the utility box of a motorcycle parked outside the cathedral.[19] Wounded individuals were immediately brought to the Integrated Provincial Health Office and Sulu Sanitarium for medical treatment.[20]

According to the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG), the perpetrators used a strategy similar to the 2002 Bali bombings to inflict additional casualties among first responders.[2] The explosive devices were estimated to weigh not less than two kilograms; with a mobile phone suspected to have been used as a triggering device (recovered near the site). Based on a post-explosion investigation as confirmed by DILG, the explosive devices used were ammonium nitrate pipe bombs.[2]

Perpetrators and suspects' identities[edit]

The Islamic State (IS) took responsibility for the bombings, which they said were committed by "two knights of martyrdom" against a "crusader temple".[21] Philippine military and peace advocates blamed the ASG's Ajang-Ajang faction, citing evidence from military intelligence operatives stating that they had intercepted ASG plans to bomb other parts of downtown Jolo months before.[7][9][22] Kamah, a brother of a slain ASG leader, has been tagged as the prime suspect in the bombings.[23] A sub-leader of the ASG named Hatib Hajan Sawadjaan has been named another prime suspect in connection with the bombings plot as their faction too has connections to IS.[24]

On February 1, Philippine Interior Secretary Eduardo Año stated that two Indonesian suicide bombers were involved in the attacks, and were aided by local Abu Sayyaf who acted as guides.[25] The bombers were mistaken for Malaysians; one of them, identified by nom de guerre as Abu Huda,[26][27] had been living in Sulu province for some time.[25] The second bomber was alleged to be Abu Huda's wife, who had arrived in the province a few days prior to the bombings.[25] The woman is believed to have been the first bomber inside the cathedral, while her husband carried out the second blast at the entrance.[28] PNP chief Oscar Albayalde explained that the Indonesian bombers sailed Southwest to Jolo from Lampinigan Island (Basilan Province) on January 24 and stayed there for a few days. However, it could not be ascertained whether the two went to the island straight from Indonesia or had been around Mindanao island far longer.[27]

On February 4, the main suspect Kamah together with his four accomplices finally surrendered to the authorities following heavy military operations.[27][29] The four other accomplices were identified as: Albaji Kisae Gadjali (alias "Awag"), Rajan Bakil Gadjali (alias "Radjan"), Kaisar Bakil Gadjali (alias "Isal") and Salit Alih (alias "Papong").[30][31] The PNP have filed murder charges on 5 of the suspects and 14 other suspects who remain at large (as of November 2019).[32]

The Philippine Interior Secretary.[33] considers the suspect identification process as complete with the arrest of the five suspects and three others including the two dead bombers, although several others remain at large. The prime suspect Kamah denies all charges and any involvement in the bombings. The prosecution holds that eyewitness accounts form an adequate basis for indictment for Kamah and the other defendants.[33]

In July 2019, the Indonesian National Police (POLRI) confirmed Indonesian citizens involvement in the bombing.[34] POLRI announced the couple identified as Rullie Rian Zeke (RRZ) and Ulfah Handayani Saleh (UHS) from Makassar, South Sulawesi. The announcement came after the POLRI arrested and interrogated two suspected militants affiliated to Jamaah Ansharut Daulah (JAD)- a group in Indonesia with links to ISIL- who confirmed the deceased couple RRZ and UHS were also JAD members.[4][5] In May 2019, intelligence by Malaysian Special Branch uncovered RRZ and UHS were earlier helped by two Indonesian militants with links to ISIL working as labourers in Keningau District of Sabah in Malaysia with intentions to travel to the southern Philippines via confession of two suspects arrested by Royal Malaysian Police early in May.[6] A subsequent POLRI arrest and thorough investigation of another group of Indonesian militants in Padang of West Sumatra in June 2019, confirmed the identity of RRZ and UHS.[5]

Through deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) test by Indonesian police, the deceased couple family were able to be traced as both being Indonesian deportees from Turkey serving under the direction of an East Kalimantan JAD member named Yoga residing in Malaysia and recently arrested by the Royal Malaysian Police in Sabah.[35] Yoga are the current connectors of Islamist terrorists organization between Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines replacing Andi Basso who is being actively hunted for his involvement in the 2016 Samarinda church bombing in East Kalimantan. Andi Basso is believed by Indonesian authorities to be currently hiding in the Southern Philippines.[35]

Investigation and government response[edit]

Further details[edit]

CCTV footage of the area depicts a person identified as Kamah, wearing a blue-green jacket and holding a mobile phone.[36] Kamah, brother of deceased ASG leader Surakah Ingog, is seen wandering around the cathedral with several other suspects before the explosion.[37] Kamah is a known bomb maker for the ASG, according to investigation reports released by PNP chief Albayalde.[38] The Philippine Army had released the images of four suspects in connection with the attacks as captured by the CCTV footage.[39] The authorities, including the country's president, did not rule out the possibility that the explosion was the work of suicide bombers.[40][41] Nevertheless, based on statements to the military by two surviving victims, eyewitnesses saw a woman hiding a bomb inside her bag and left it in one of the pews inside the cathedral where the explosion happened afterwards. Both witnesses, however, could not fully describe the woman's physical features.[42]

On January 30, two of the suspects that were earlier identified through the CCTV footage surrendered to police to clear their names; one of them was the suspect identified as the brother of deceased ASG leader.[43] Another two followed suit, fearing the authorities would hunt them down, despite neither being identified by WestMinCom in the video that had been released.[44] These four have been cleared and released although their claims of innocence will still require verification from the PNP, who admit they misidentified one man as Kamah.[45][46] The PNP also admitted there were security lapses at the Cathedral despite previous threats for the past five years.[47] Several other witnesses recalled seeing a woman who they suspected of bringing a bomb, but the claims are deemed "not conclusive" as based on the initial findings of the local PNP Explosive and Ordnance Division (EOD) lab. The EOD laboratory found the bomb did not touch ground when it exploded.[48]

Through the investigation on the Indonesian bombers arrival background, the PNP stated the couple boarded a tricycle to Caltex Tiam at 19:00 on the evening after their arrival in Jolo. At 19:30, they were supposedly met by suspects identified as Papong, Awag and Radjan and boarded Awag's jeepney.[31] The group then reached Usaw in Barangay Langhub to meet with several other suspects named Kamah, Barak, Makrim and Usman who joined them to Sitio Bastiong. In a forested area, the group is alleged to have planned the bombings together with ASG leader Sawadjaan. The Indonesian couple were sent by the ASG on January 26 to carry black trolley bags. They were escorted by Usman, Barak and nine other armed men to Barangay Latihto at 17:10.[31] Despite the claim by Philippine authorities for the involvement of Indonesian citizens in the bombings, an investigation team sent by Indonesia to the Philippines to investigate were at that time unable to confirm that an Indonesian couple were behind the attack.[49] The Indonesian Embassy in Manila said they remained unclear on the veracity of Philippine Interior Secretary Año's statement on their nationals involvement in the attack as DNA and the CCTV evidence had yet to be released to Indonesian authorities for verification. Philippine National Intelligence Coordinating Agency (NICA) also did not see the basis of Minister Año's statement.[50][51] On February 20, the Philippine National Police Crime Laboratory test results showed that four leg bone specimens of two unidentified persons among the bombing victims belonging to a male and female, which bolstered the probable involvement of said couple as corroborated by eyewitness accounts.[52]

Authority's response and security force mobilization[edit]

President Rodrigo Duterte and other government officials inspect the cathedral in the aftermath of the bombings.
President Duterte pays his last respects to the victims of the bombings.

Shortly after the incident, Malacañang Palace issued a statement that no mercy will be given to the perpetrators.[53] Presidential spokesperson Salvador Panelo stressed that "We will pursue to the ends of the earth the ruthless perpetrators behind this dastardly crime until every killer is brought to justice and put behind bars. The law will give them no mercy".[53] The Palace also stated the bombings provided "more reason" to retain martial law in the south.[54] President Rodrigo Duterte expressed his outrage over the incidents and visited the site of the bombings the following day.[8][55][56] The Commission on Elections stated that, despite the bombings, it did not see the need to place Jolo under its control and defer the upcoming February 6 plebiscite.[57]

The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) condemned the bombings in the "strongest terms" and has provided financial assistance to 36 of the over 100 survivors of the bomb attacks, with each victim receiving 20,000.[58][59] Mindanao Development Authority chairman Abul Khayr Alonto also called the incident a "dastardly act of insanity" which "should not be allowed to instil fear in our peace-loving populace".[60]

WestMinCom confirmed that President Duterte had issued an "all-out war directive" order against the terror groups,[61][62] with Jolo being put on total lockdown.[63][64] The Bureau of Immigration had also been put on heightened alert to prevent the entry of new foreign terror elements,[65] while the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board directed all public utility vehicles to implement stricter security; it also advised the public to report any suspicious activity in terminals and vehicles to authorities.[66] During the joint raid conducted by Armed Forces of the Philippines Military and PNP in Barangay Latih of Patikul, Sulu, to arrest Kamah, the suspect managed to escape even as one of his companions was killed.[67]

Among items seized during the raid were a .45 calibre pistol, a sniper scope, two mobile phones and a motorcycle.[67] The military continued hunting for the suspect with attack helicopters deployed in the province,[68] followed by house-to-house searches.[26][69] Approximately 5,000 elite soldiers have been mobilized, with the military operations resulting in many families fleeing their homes.[70] The continuing military operations resulted in the arrest and deaths of many ASG-linked militants.[71]

Other reactions[edit]

Other militant groups[edit]

Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) chairman Murad Ebrahim said: "The MILF leadership joined peace-loving individuals in strongly condemning the twin bombing of the Cathedral".[72] MILF peace panel chairman Mohagher Iqbal condemned the attacks perpetrated against innocent civilians, calling them: "senseless violence".[73] He was followed by Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) chairman Yusop Jikiri, who stated that the bombings can: "only be the responsibility of terrorist, anti-peace, uncivilized and misguided persons".[74] The MNLF under Emmanuel Fontanilla called upon the government to conduct peace talks with groups including ASG and the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF), even if they are terrorists.[75]

Religious community[edit]

The Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines released a statement expressing sympathy for the victims and their families, condemning the attacks as an act of terrorism.[76] The bishops called for Christians to join with Muslims and indigenous communities to advocate for peace against violent extremism.[76][77][78]

Pope Francis denounced the bombings, reiterating: "My strongest condemnation for this episode of violence that once again strikes this Christian community. I raise my prayers for the dead and wounded. May the Lord, Prince of Peace, convert the hearts of the violent and give the inhabitants of that region a peaceful coexistence".[79] The World Council of Churches (WCC) expressed profound sorrow and said "In the face of this brutality, the human family, all people of faith and of good will, must stand together to recommit to respecting and caring for one another, to protecting one another, and to preventing such violence".[80] The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Davao has called on every churchgoer to refrain from bringing backpacks and boxes inside churches and chapels due to the threat of violence prevailing in the region of Mindanao in the wake of the bombings.[81]

Organization of the Imam Council of the Philippines (OICP) also condemned the attack, due to its: "barbaric nature which is forbidden in Islam", adding that such barbaric acts: "not only destroy the living of peace, but demolishes the tranquillity of a sound society".[72] Another Islamic sect, the Ahlul Bait, said: "such a barbarous act must be condemned in the strongest terms".[72]

Non-governmental organizations[edit]

Local human rights group Karapatan also condemned the attacks but reminded the government that the incidents should not be used as an excuse to violate human rights further, especially towards government critics.[82] The Makabayan bloc feared that the incident might be used to extend the declaration of martial law to the whole country.[83] Dr. Rommel Banlaoi, Chairman of the non-government think tank, the Philippine Institute for Peace, Violence and Terrorism Research, warns that the Jolo Cathedral bombing will pose as "a big challenge for the Bangsamoro government."[84]

International response[edit]

Various countries issued statements condemning the attacks and offering condolences to the affected victims,[note 1] as well as international organizations including the Asian Development Bank,[116] Association of Southeast Asian Nations,[117] European Union,[118] Organisation of Islamic Cooperation,[119] United Nations,[120] and World Bank.[121][122][123] UK's Foreign and Commonwealth Office raised a travel warning for Western and Central Mindanao as well as the Sulu Archipelago following the incidents.[124] The bombings indirectly created negative impacts towards the barter trade between Malaysia and the Philippines with concerns raised from Filipino barter traders over their safety.[125][126]

Neighbouring Royal Malaysia Police (RMP) stepped up security in their Sabah's state to prevent foreign terror groups transiting through Malaysian East Coast major towns like Sandakan and Tawau prior to proceeding to the Southern Philippine islands.[127] Malaysian Deputy Home Minister Azis Jamman instructed all of Malaysian enforcement agencies: the Police, Malaysian Armed Forces, Civil Defence Department and Eastern Sabah Security Command (ESSCOM) to increase the border security since they did not want the repetition of 1972, where many Southern Filipino refugees fled to Sabah as a result of the civil war, considering the many social problems associated with the refugees still being reported.[128]

The Indonesian Consulate in Sabah issued a statement of "no knowledge" of any ransom paid by any parties for the release of any citizens from ASG abductors in recent kidnappings, in response to claims made by former JI member that ransom money was used in part of the bombings, adding that the Government of Indonesia did not even communicate nor negotiate with the kidnappers for their release.[129] Earlier on January 16, the Director of the Indonesian Citizens Protection of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia Muhammad Iqbal also rejected any claim about the use of ransom money, saying the hostages were released through the collaboration of an "inside network" between their government and Indonesian "assets" in the southern Philippines.[130]

Indonesian Foreign Minister Ms. Retno Marsudi condemned the bombing and sent condolences, and clarified their stance that the Indonesian embassy in Manila and their Consulate General in Davao were still attempting to get definitive information from various parties consequent to Minister Año's claim of Indonesian citizens' involvement.[131] Director of National Agency for Combating Terrorism (BNPT) Irfan Idris stated as of February 3, 2019, formal verifications of Indonesian involvement had not been received by Indonesian Head of Police Public Information Section Senior Commander Syahar Diantono nor by Co-ordinating Minister of Interior Minister Wiranto.[132] Indonesian anti-terrorism Detachment 88 team with Indonesian State Intelligence Agency (BIN), BNPT and representatives of the Indonesian Foreign Affairs Ministry had also been flown to Jolo to assist in the identification of the suicide bombers.[133]

On January 30, Hungary offered Ft 30 million (₱1.89 million)[134] as emergency assistance to the victims of the bombings through the Hungary Helps Program.[96] China via its Manila Embassy pledged a total of RMB5 million (₱38.8 million) for those affected in the bombings.[135] China, India, Russia and the United States have also expressed their commitment to help the Philippines in their fight against terrorism in their country.[92][106][114][136]

Related incidents[edit]

A few days after the cathedral bombings, following a televised statement by President Duterte that "the attacks may have involved a suicide bomber", a grenade was thrown into a mosque in the village of Barangay Talon-Talon, southeast of Zamboanga City. This resulted in the death of two civilians and the wounding of three others.[137][138] The Mayor of Barangay Talon-Talon ordered the military and police authorities to conduct a thorough investigation on the incident which they fear was: "a consequence of a tension between Muslims and Christians" resulting from the Jolo Cathedral bombings.[138]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b c d Rambo Talabong (January 29, 2019). "WATCH: Outside Jolo Cathedral during the bombing". Rappler. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Dona Magsino (January 29, 2019). "Suspects in Jolo cathedral used Bali-style bombing — DILG". GMA News. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Francis Wakefield (January 29, 2019). "AFP releases names of casualties of Jolo blast". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Ahmad Syamsudin; Jeoffrey Maitem (July 23, 2019). "Indonesian Police: Couple Carried Out Deadly Philippine Church Bombing". Benar News. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d "Indonesian couple with ties to JAD behind Jolo church attack: Police". The Jakarta Post. July 24, 2019. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c G. C. Tan (August 22, 2019). "Terror duo used Sabah as transit point". The Star. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Military eyes Abu Sayyaf behind twin blasts in Jolo". ABS-CBN News. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  8. ^ a b Jim Gomez (January 28, 2019). "Duterte to see site of fatal bombings, Abu Sayyaf suspected". Associated Press. Reading Eagle. Archived from the original on January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  9. ^ a b Frances Mangosing (January 28, 2019). "Abu Sayyaf's Ajang-Ajang faction eyed as suspects behind Jolo blasts". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  10. ^ Rambo Talabong (January 28, 2019). "6 persons of interest in Jolo Cathedral bombing". Rappler. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  11. ^ "Jolo, stronghold of Islamist group Abu Sayyaf". France24. May 8, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  12. ^ a b Martin Petty; Karen Lema; Robert Birsel (January 28, 2019). "Explainer: Who is behind the Philippine church bombings?". Reuters. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  13. ^ a b Sofia Tomacruz (January 24, 2019). "Sulu rejects Bangsamoro law". Rappler. Retrieved January 28, 2019. Despite already being a part of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), Sulu has voted not to ratify the Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL). But the province will still be part of the new Bangsamoro region.
  14. ^ Pia Ranada (January 28, 2019). "Crackdown on firearms, private armies a priority for Bangsamoro gov't – Murad". Rappler. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  15. ^ Llanesca T. Panti (January 30, 2019). "Terror acts in Mindanao brought about by poverty — Arroyo". GMA News. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  16. ^ a b Amy Chew (January 29, 2019). "Ransom for Indonesian's Release Funded Philippine Church Attack, Sources Allege". Benar News. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  17. ^ "Ransom for Indonesian's release 'funded' Jolo blasts – report". News5. February 1, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  18. ^ "Philippines: bombs at cathedral during mass kill 20 people – video". Associated Press/Reuters. The Guardian. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  19. ^ Shi Yinglun (January 27, 2019). "20 dead, 111 wounded in church twin blasts in southern Philippines". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  20. ^ "DSWD DROMIC Report #1 on the Bombing Incident in Cathedral of Our Lady of Mount Carmel Jolo, Sulu". Department of Social Welfare and Development – Disaster Response Operations Monitoring and Information Center, Philippines. January 30, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  21. ^ "Jolo church attack: Many killed in Philippines". BBC News. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  22. ^ Bong Sarmiento; Edwin Fernandez; Julie Alipala (January 27, 2019). "Abu Sayyaf bomb plot uncovered 'months ago' – peace advocate". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  23. ^ "LOOK: The face of prime suspect in Jolo blast". CNN Philippines. January 31, 2019. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  24. ^ Priam Nepomuceno (February 1, 2019). "ASG hand strongly eyed in Jolo blasts: Lorenzana". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  25. ^ a b c Eimor P. Santos (February 2, 2019). "Indonesian suicide bombers behind Jolo blasts – Año". CNN Philippines. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  26. ^ a b "Philippine troops battle Muslim militants after church blast". Associated Press. Taiwan News. February 3, 2019. Retrieved February 4, 2019. The Indonesian man reportedly used the nom de guerre Abu Huda and Philippine authorities said they would coordinate with their Indonesian counterparts to try to validate the identities of the two.
  27. ^ a b c Raul Dancel (February 4, 2019). "Main suspect of Philippine church bombing surrenders to authorities". The Straits Times. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  28. ^ Ellie Aben (February 2, 2019). "Philippines: Indonesians carried out Jolo cathedral suicide attack". Arab News. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  29. ^ Janine Peralta (February 4, 2019). "Jolo blasts prime suspect 'Kamah,' 4 others surrender". CNN Philippines. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  30. ^ Rambo Talabong (February 4, 2019). "'Main suspect' in Jolo Cathedral bombing surrenders". Rappler. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  31. ^ a b c Anna Felicia Bajo (February 4, 2019). "How suspects planned Jolo twin blasts". GMA News. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  32. ^ Cathrine Gonzales (February 4, 2019). "PNP files murder charges vs Abu Sayyaf suspects in Jolo blasts". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  33. ^ a b Paolo Romero; Edu Punay; Roel Pareño; Emmanuel Tupas (February 7, 2019). "DILG Chief Eduardo Año on Jolo bombing: 'Case closed'". The Philippine Star. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  34. ^ "Polri Identifikasi Dua WNI Pelaku Bom Bunuh Diri di Filipina" [POLRI Identify Two Indonesian Citizens as Suicide Bombers in the Philippines] (in Indonesian). CNN Indonesia. July 23, 2019. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  35. ^ a b Farouk Arnaz (July 25, 2019). "Tes DNA, Polri Temukan Keluarga Terduga Pengebom Gereja Filipina" [DNA Test, Polri Found Philippines Church Bombing Suspects Family] (in Indonesian). BeritaSatu. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  36. ^ Maan Macapagal (January 29, 2019). "CAUGHT ON CCTV: Abu leader's brother may have triggered Jolo church bombs". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  37. ^ Rambo Talabong (January 29, 2019). "WATCH: Outside Jolo Cathedral during the bombing". Rappler. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  38. ^ Raffy Santos (January 28, 2019). "Abu leader's brother among suspects in Jolo church blast". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  39. ^ "Army releases pictures of teen suspects in Jolo bombing". Philippine Daily Inquirer. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  40. ^ Vann Marlo M. Villegas; Arjay L. Balinbin; Vince Angelo C. Ferreras (January 29, 2019). "Suicide bombing angle seen in Jolo blast". Reuters. Business World Online. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  41. ^ "'Suicide bomber' among Philippines blast suspects, says Duterte". Agence France-Presse. The Malay Mail. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  42. ^ Ron Gagalac (January 29, 2019). "'No suicide bomber': Woman left bomb inside Jolo church- military". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  43. ^ Maan Macapagal (January 30, 2019). "2 suspects in Jolo blast surrender, want to clear name". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  44. ^ Rambo Talabong (January 30, 2019). "Jolo bombing: Grade 11 student tagged as Abu Sayyaf leader's brother". Rappler. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  45. ^ Xave Gregorio; David Santos; Eimor Santos (January 31, 2019). "4 persons of interest in Jolo blast 'cleared', but still being probed". CNN Philippines. Retrieved January 31, 2019. Philippine National Police (PNP) chief Oscar Albayalde told CNN Philippines in a chance interview that while the four have been "cleared," they would still be profiled and their claims validated before they are completely delisted as persons of interest as they "do not want to make a mistake". Albayalde admits that the police made a mistake in identifying the men as suspects in the cathedral blast.
  46. ^ Christopher Lloyd Caliwan (January 31, 2019). "4 men on CCTV footage of Jolo blast 'innocent': PNP". Philippine News Agency. PTV News. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  47. ^ Patricia Lourdes Viray (January 31, 2019). "PNP admits security lapse in Jolo twin bombings". The Philippine Star. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  48. ^ Rambo Talabong (February 1, 2019). "PNP: Witness accounts suggest suicide bombing in Jolo Cathedral". Rappler. Retrieved February 1, 2019.
  49. ^ Gina Goh (February 15, 2019). "No evidence Indonesians Involved in Jolo Church Bombings". International Christian Concern. persecution.org. Retrieved February 16, 2019. Last week, an investigation team sent by Indonesia to Manila to investigate the twin bombings that killed 23 people at a Jolo cathedral could not confirm Philippine claims that an Indonesian couple were behind the attack. A senior counter-terror source in Jakarta told BenarNews that there were no DNA profile of the couple, no finger prints according to the post-mortem done on body parts found at the crime scene. Since returning to Jakarta this week, the Indonesian source told BenarNews that the team of counter-terror investigators has not yet received concrete evidence from Philippine authorities on the involvement of these two Indonesian individuals.
  50. ^ Yashinta Difa Pramudyani; Sri Haryati (February 5, 2019). "Evidence on Indonesians' involvement in Jolo bombing unreleased by PNP". Antara. Retrieved February 16, 2019. ...According to the Indonesian Embassy in Manila and Indonesian Consulate General in Davao, the Philippines' National Intelligence Cooperation Agency (NICA) did not see the basis of Minister Ano`s statement on Indonesians' involvement in the attack. "When contacted by the Indonesian Embassy in Manila, the NICA has informally expressed readiness to conduct joint investigation with the Indonesian government," Indonesian Ambassador to the Philippines Sinyo Harry Sarundajang noted. According to the Indonesian Embassy`s record, it was not the first time that the Philippines authority had conveyed such baseless information on the involvement of Indonesians in bomb attacks in the country. Similar claims were made in two earlier bombings in Lamitan City of Basilan Province on July 31, 2018, and in Cotabato City on New Year`s Eve. "However, the investigation showed there were no Indonesians involved in the two bombings as stated by the officials and media reports," Sarundajang remarked. The embassy will seek clarification with the Philippine Secretary of Interior and Local Government. The government will also sent a diplomatic note to seek clarification from the Philippines and to convey objection over the absence of notification regarding the allegation of Indonesians' involvement in the Jolo bomb attack.
  51. ^ Marguerite Afra Sapiie (February 4, 2019). "Manila's claim still 'one-sided' on Jolo bombing Indonesian couple, says Jakarta". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved February 16, 2019. Efforts to verify the information was still underway and involved Indonesia's National Counter-terrorism Agency (BNPT) and Foreign Ministry, said Coordinating Political, Legal and Security Affairs Minister Wiranto. “Relevant authorities are still investigating who exactly was behind this attack. There are still many possibilities,” he said. “So don’t conclude rashly that Indonesian citizens were [the perpetrators]”. The government planned to deploy officials from the BNPT and the Foreign Ministry to the Philippines to gain clear understanding of the incident, said Wiranto: “We should not be trapped by a one-sided statement. We should await [the investigation].
  52. ^ Rambo Talabong (February 20, 2019). "2 unidentified bodies in Jolo bombing male, female – PNP". Rappler. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  53. ^ a b Argyll Cyrus Geducos; Genalyn Kabiling (January 27, 2019). "Palace vows to hunt down perpetrators behind Jolo twin explosions". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  54. ^ Pia Ranada (January 28, 2019). "Jolo bombing 'more reason' to retain martial law – Malacañang". Rappler. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  55. ^ Nestor Corrales (January 28, 2019). "Duterte 'outraged' by Jolo twin blasts". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  56. ^ Jim Gomez (January 28, 2019). "Duterte visits site of fatal bombings". Reuters. news.com.au. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  57. ^ Helen Flores; Rey Galupo; Lawrence Agcaoili (January 29, 2019). "Jolo bombings won't stop 2nd Bangsamoro Organic Law plebiscite". The Philippine Star. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  58. ^ "ARMM gov condemns fatal Jolo blasts". ABS-CBN News. January 27, 2019. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
  59. ^ Teofilo Garcia, Jr (January 30, 2019). "ARMM provides cash aid to Jolo blast victims". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
  60. ^ Lilian Mellejor (January 27, 2019). "Mindanao execs condemn Jolo church bombing". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  61. ^ Julie Alipala (January 28, 2019). "Duterte wants 'all-out war' vs Jolo mass murderers, terror groups". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  62. ^ "President Duterte orders AFP to destroy Abu Sayyaf Group after deadly bombings In Sulu". Presidential Communications Operations Office, Philippines. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  63. ^ "Jolo in southern Philippines on lockdown after twin blasts". Xinhua News Agency. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  64. ^ "PNP clarifies 'lockdown' limited around site of Jolo blasts". CNN Philippines. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  65. ^ "Immigration on heightened alert following Jolo cathedral blast". ABS-CBN News. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  66. ^ Aerol John Pateña (January 29, 2019). "LTFRB orders tight security measures in transport terminals". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  67. ^ a b "'Jolo bombing suspect evades arrest; aide killed in raid". ABS-CBN News. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  68. ^ "Airstrikes in Sulu as troops mount 'all-out war' vs Abu Sayyaf". ABS-CBN News. January 30, 2019. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  69. ^ Julie Alipala (February 2, 2019). "Security forces conduct house-to-house searches in Jolo". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
  70. ^ Jeoffrey Maitem; Mark Navales; Ben Hajan; Richel V. Umel; Dennis Jay Santos (January 31, 2019). "Hundreds Flee as Philippine Military Escalates Attacks against Abu Sayyaf". Benar News. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
  71. ^ Francis Wakefield (February 6, 2019). "Offensives continue to result to arrests, killing of fleeing terrorists". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  72. ^ a b c Masiding Noor Yahya; Frederick Silverio (January 30, 2019). "Muslim religious leaders condemn Jolo carnage". The Manila Times. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  73. ^ "MILF condemns twin bombings in Jolo". ABS-CBN News. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  74. ^ "STATEMENT: Moro National Liberation Front on Jolo Cathedral bombing". Minda News. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  75. ^ "MNLF urges govt: Talk with rebels in Jolo church blast probe". ABS-CBN News. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  76. ^ a b Romulo G. Valles (January 27, 2019). "CBCP statement on the Jolo cathedral bombings". Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines. CBCP News. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  77. ^ "Pope, Muslim leaders denounce deadly bombings at Catholic church in Philippines". Associated Press. CBC. January 26, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2019.
  78. ^ "Muslims, Christians urged to join hands against terrorism after Jolo blasts". ABS-CBN News. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  79. ^ Junno Arocho Esteves (January 27, 2019). "Pope calls for peace in Venezuela, denounces Philippine church bombing". Catholic News Service. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  80. ^ "WCC condemns terror attack on Roman Catholic Church in Philippines, calls for end to violence". World Council of Churches. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  81. ^ Ferdinand Patinio (January 30, 2019). "Faithful urged not to bring backpacks in churches". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  82. ^ Chito Chavez (January 28, 2019). "Jolo church bombings violate international humanitarian law – Human rights group". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  83. ^ "Nangangamba ang mga kongresistang miyembro ng Makabayan Bloc na baka gawing dahilan ng pamahalaan ang insidente ng pagpapasabog sa Jolo, Sulu upang magdeklara ng batas militar sa buong bansa" [The congressional members of the Makabayan Bloc fear that following the incident in Jolo, Sulu, the government will declare martial law nationwide] (in Tagalog). UNTV News and Rescue. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019 – via Facebook.
  84. ^ "Philippines cathedral bombing sparks peace process worries".
  85. ^ "Twin bombings in the Philippines: Condolences from the Argentine Government". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship, Argentina. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  86. ^ Joyce Ann L. Rocamora (January 27, 2019). "Australia, EU condole with PH amid Jolo bombings". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  87. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kingdom of Bahrain condemns double terrorist bombings targeting a church in Republic of Philippines". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Bahrain. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  88. ^ "Condolences to President Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines". President of Belarus. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  89. ^ "Terrorist attack in the Philippines". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Brazil. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  90. ^ "Message of Condolence to the President of the Republic of the Philippines on the Recent Bombing in Jolo, Sulu". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Brunei. January 30, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  91. ^ "Canada condemns bomb attacks on a church in southern Philippines". Government of Canada. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  92. ^ a b "Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Geng Shuang's Regular Press Conference on January 28, 2019". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, China. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019. China strongly condemns the violent attacks in Sulu province of the Philippines on innocent civilians. We express our condolences to the victims and sympathies the injured and the bereaved families. China opposes all forms of terrorism and stands ready to work with the international community including the Philippines to jointly combat threats and challenges posed by terrorism and safeguard international and regional peace and stability.
  93. ^ "Egypt condemns the terrorist attack near Church in southern Philippines". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Egypt. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  94. ^ "Philippines – Attack against the cathedral on Jolo Island (27 January 2019)". Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  95. ^ "The German Embassy Manila offers their sincere condolences to the families of the victims and hopes for the quick recovery of those injured in the recent bombings in Sulu province". Embassy of Germany in the Philippines. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2019 – via Facebook.
  96. ^ a b "Hungary has offered the victims of the Philippines terrorist attack emergency assistance within the framework of the Hungary Helps Program". Prime Minister’s Office, Hungary. Government of Hungary. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  97. ^ "Indian Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi extends sympathy to PH on Jolo bombing". The Philippine Business and News. January 31, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  98. ^ "Indonesia Condemns the Terror Attack in Jolo, Philippines". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Indonesia. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.[permanent dead link]
  99. ^ "Iran's Foreign Ministry Condemns Philippines Bombing". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Iran. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  100. ^ Aryeh Savir (January 30, 2019). "Israel Conveys Condolences to Philippines After ISIS Attack at Church". TPS. The Jewish Voice. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  101. ^ "Message of condolence from Foreign Minister Taro Kono following the terror attack in Jolo, Sulu, the Philippines". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  102. ^ "Kejadian Letupan di Mindanao, Republik Filipina" [Explosion in Mindanao, Republic of the Philippines] (in Malay). Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. January 30, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  103. ^ "SRE expresa sus condolencias tras explosión en Filipinas" [SRE expresses its condolences after explosion in the Philippines] (in Spanish). UNOTV.com. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  104. ^ Christia Marie Ramos (January 29, 2019). "Norway condoles with kin of Jolo blast victims". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  105. ^ "Qatar condemns Philippines church bombings". Qatar News Agency. Qatar Tribune. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  106. ^ a b "Condolences to President of the Republic of the Philippines Rodrigo Duterte". President of Russia. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019. A crime committed against civilians who had congregated for church services is shocking in its cynicism and cruelty. I expect that the masterminds and perpetrators of this crime will sustain the punishment they deserve. I would like to reiterate our readiness to further step up interaction with our Philippine partners in combating the terrorist threat in all its forms and manifestations.
  107. ^ "Saudi Arabia Offers Condolences to Philippines over Church Bombings". Asharq Al-Awsat. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  108. ^ "Condolence Letter from Minister for Foreign Affairs Dr Vivian Balakrishnan on the Bomb Attacks at the Cathedral of Our Lady of Mount Carmel in Jolo, Sulu, The Philippines". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Singapore. January 30, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  109. ^ "Security Council Press Statement on Terrorist Attack in Sulu Province, the Philippines". Department of Foreign Affairs, South Africa. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  110. ^ "Terrorist Attack at a Cathedral in the Philippines". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation, Spain. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  111. ^ "Press Release : Messages of Condolence from the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Thailand on the attacks on the Cathedral of Our Lady of Mount Carmel in the Philippines". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Thailand. January 31, 2019. Archived from the original on February 1, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  112. ^ "No:16, 27 January 2019, Press Release Regarding The Explosions At A Cathedral In Southern Philippines". Embassy of Turkey in Malaysia. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  113. ^ "Statement on BOL ratification issued by British Embassy Manila". Government of the United Kingdom. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019. The UK condemns Sunday’s bomb attack in Jolo. The Minister for Asia and the Pacific and the British Ambassador have both offered their condolences.
  114. ^ a b Sung Kim [@USAmbManila] (January 28, 2019). "My deepest sympathies for the tragic loss of life in Jolo. We condemn this senseless violence and we will do everything possible to support the Armed Forces of the Philippines" (Tweet). Retrieved January 31, 2019 – via Twitter.
  115. ^ "Vietnam strongly condemns bomb attacks in Philippines". Nhân Dân. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  116. ^ "ADB Offers Sympathies, Support After Terror Attacks in Mindanao". Asian Development Bank. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  117. ^ "ASEAN Foreign Ministers' Statement on the Bombing at the Cathedral of Our Lady of Mount Carmel in Jolo, Sulu, the Philippines". Association of Southeast Asian Nations. January 30, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  118. ^ "Statement by the Spokesperson on today's bomb attacks in the Cathedral of Jolo in the Philippines". European External Action Service. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  119. ^ "OIC Strongly Condemns Armed Attack on Church in Southern Philippines". Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  120. ^ "UN chief condemns deadly terrorist attack on church in southern Philippines". United Nations. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  121. ^ "Statement of the World Bank on the Recent Bombing Incidents in Jolo, Sulu". World Bank. January 28, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  122. ^ Darryl John Esguerra (January 28, 2019). "Jolo bombing: Gov't thanks world leaders for messages of support". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  123. ^ Patricia Lourdes Viray (January 30, 2019). "Philippines welcomes global condemnation of Jolo bombings". The Philippine Star. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  124. ^ "UK issues travel warning after Jolo bomb attacks". CNN Philippines. January 27, 2019. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  125. ^ "Barter traders worry over safety after twin Jolo bombings". The Borneo Post. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2019 – via PressReader.
  126. ^ "Filipino traders concerned with Mindanao unrest". New Sabah Times. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  127. ^ Aizat Sharif (January 30, 2019). "Jolo church blast: Police step up security in Sabah following latest intel on IS terrorists". New Straits Times. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  128. ^ Natasha Joibi (February 3, 2019). "Border security boost at Sabah's east coast after church bombing in southern Philippines". The Star. Retrieved February 3, 2019. Malaysian Deputy Home Minister Mohd Azis Jamman said he has personally informed the heads of all the enforcement agencies to boost security measures in the eastern Sabah area. In a statement, he said "I has contacted all the directors to ask them to tighten up border security because we do not want a repetition of 1972, which saw many refugees from the Philippines fleeing to Sabah amid the civil war in their country. We don't want them fleeing to Malaysia not because we are cruel, but because we don't want the conflict from our neighbouring country to spread here. As it is, Malaysia is already facing many problems regarding illegal immigrants especially in Sabah. We don't want to court more problems".
  129. ^ Zam Yusa (February 1, 2019). "Any ransom was not from us: Indo consulate". Daily Express. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  130. ^ "Samsul Saguni, nelayan Indonesia sandera Abu Sayyaf dibebaskan dalam proses 'semi inteljen'" [Samsul Saguni, Indonesian fisherman Abu Sayyaf hostages freed in a 'semi-intelligence' process] (in Indonesian). BBC News Indonesia. January 17, 2019. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  131. ^ Dian Septiari (February 2, 2019). "Jakarta seeks confirmation on alleged role of Indonesians in Jolo attacks". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  132. ^ Dian Erika Nugraheny; Ichsan Emrald Alamsyah (February 3, 2019). Alamsyah, Ichsan Emrald (ed.). "BNPT Tunggu Informasi Resmi Filipina Soal Pelaku Bom di Jolo" [BNPT is Waiting for Official Philippine Information About Bombers in Jolo]. Republika Online (in Indonesian). Republika. Retrieved February 16, 2019. In her official statement, Foreign Minister Retno also stated that the Indonesian Embassy in Manila and the Indonesian Consulate General in Davao were also trying to get confirmation from the news. This is part of the government's efforts to communicate with various parties in the Philippines to obtain confirmation.. "Today I will continue to communicate with the Philippine authorities to confirm it," she said again. However, said the Foreign Minister, the latest information received from the Philippine National Police (PNP) and the Western Mindanao Command (Westmincom) military command, the identity and citizenship of the perpetrators of the bombing in Jolo has not been identified to date. This means that until now the information that mentions the perpetrators is still an alleged Indonesian citizen. "If it's true Indonesian citizens, that's what we will make sure of," said Foreign Minister Retno. Head of Police Public Information Section Sr. Comr. Pol. Syahar Diantono said that the PNP had not been able to ascertain the identity of the perpetrators of the suicide bombing. The police said he was still waiting for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs which is currently trying to get official information about the case.
  133. ^ Christoforus Ristianto; Sandro Gatra (February 14, 2019). "Kepala BNPT: Terlalu Dini Sebut Dua Pengebom Gereja di Filipina adalah WNI" [Head of BNPT: Too Early Call Two Church Bombers in the Philippines are Indonesian Citizens]. Kompas. Retrieved February 16, 2019. Anti-terrorism Detachment 88 team with BIN, BNPT and representatives of the Indonesian Foreign Affairs Ministry are scheduled to fly to the Philippines. The Indonesian team will help identify suicide bombers in the church on Jolo.
  134. ^ Joyce Ann L. Rocamora (January 30, 2019). "Hungary extends PHP1.89-M to victims of Jolo explosions". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  135. ^ Patricia Lourdes Viray (January 31, 2019). "China donates P38.8M for Jolo blast victims". The Philippine Star. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  136. ^ Dipanjan Roy Chaudhury (January 30, 2019). "India strengthens counter terror ties with Philippines after church attacks". The Economic Times. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  137. ^ Karen Lema; Neil Jerome Morales; Martin Petty; Michael Perry (January 30, 2019). "Philippines urges calm after grenade attack on mosque kills two". Reuters. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
  138. ^ a b Bong Garcia (January 31, 2019). "Zamboanga mayor renews call for vigilance". Sun.Star. Retrieved February 2, 2019. The grenade explosion at the mosque in the village of Barangay Talon-Talon on Tuesday killing two people and wounding three others. Mayor Maria Isabelle Climaco-Salazar has ordered the military and police authorities to conduct a thorough investigation on the incident as she allayed fears that the incident was a consequence of a tension between Muslims and Christians.

External links[edit]