2011 Inter-Continental Hotel Kabul attack

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2011 Inter-Continental Hotel Kabul attack
Part of War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
Inter-Con Kabul.jpg
The Hotel Inter-Continental Kabul, where the attack took place
LocationKabul, Afghanistan
Coordinates34°32′13″N 69°07′31″E / 34.53694°N 69.12528°E / 34.53694; 69.12528Coordinates: 34°32′13″N 69°07′31″E / 34.53694°N 69.12528°E / 34.53694; 69.12528
Date28 June 2011
TargetHotel Inter-Continental Kabul
WeaponsGuns, grenades, explosive belts
Deaths12 (+9)
InjuredUnknown
PerpetratorsTaliban

On 28 June 2011, an attack on the Inter-Continental Hotel, Kabul by gunmen and suicide bombers, and an ensuing five-hour siege, left at least 21 people dead, including all 9 attackers. Responsibility was claimed by the Taliban.

Background[edit]

Sixty to seventy guests were believed to be staying at the hotel at the time of the attacks.[1] Thirty provincial government officials were staying at the hotel to attend a briefing about the transition of security responsibilities from the U.S. Military to the Afghan security forces.[2][3] Most of the hotel's guests were in the hotel's dining hall at the time of the attack. Initial reports suggested that a wedding party may also have been hosted in one of the dance halls.[3]

The attack[edit]

The attackers passed three security checkpoints and made their way to the rear of the hotel under concealment of thick vegetation.[4][5] The assault on the hotel began at 10:00 p.m. local time armed with assault rifles, hand grenades, rocket-propelled grenade launchers, machine guns, and anti-aircraft weapons.[1][3][6][7] Armed Afghan law enforcement personnel fled the area and failed to engage the attackers.[8] Nine attackers were captured on surveillance camera entering through the rear hotel garden where only two guards were stationed during a dinner for hotel guests.[3][9] Suicide vests were detonated at the entrance to the hotel and on the second floor.[7] Two dance halls were destroyed in the initial attack.[3] The attackers then ascended to the fifth floor.[3] Exchanges of weapon fire between law enforcement occurred until the early morning hours.[1]

Hotel guests were told to barricade themselves in their rooms,[4] while others escaped by jumping from the hotel's windows.[5]

Termination of the attack[edit]

Entry forces ascended the first two floors killing a militant in the process. The security forces attempted to disarm the explosive vest the attacker was wearing.[7] The attackers took up firing positions on the hotel roof when the fight entered its climactic end.[2] Three combatants on the hotel roof were attacked by two of three circling NATO helicopters.[4][10] The militants may have been killed in the strike or may have detonated their vests.[4] One U.S. Blackhawk helicopter carried International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) snipers while an MC-12W Liberty and an MQ-1 Predator remotely piloted aircraft provided critical aerial surveillance.[11] Afghan policemen could not be coaxed by police chief Mohammad Ayoub Salangi to enter the building after the attackers were killed.[8] At one point, an Afghan intelligence official informed the press that it believed it had eliminated all but one militant.[1] One injured suicide bomber hid in a hotel room and ambushed and killed a Spanish pilot after the declared conclusion of operations.[4][12]

Electricity to the hotel was restored after the end of military operations,[10] and a scheduled briefing on the transition of security responsibilities from the U.S. Military to the Afghan security forces proceeded the next day.[3]

Victims[edit]

Among the wounded were five Afghan policemen and thirteen civilians.[4][13] Five hotel staff including one hotel security guard and a hotel chef, and three policemen were killed.[3][4]

Perpetrators[edit]

Taliban spokesman, Zabiullah Mujahid claimed Taliban responsibility for the attack and lauded the militants that killed "dozens of the foreign and local top-level officials".[3] The Long War Journal reported that the attack was carried out by the "Kabul Attack Network". According to the Journal, the network was an ad hoc organization with insurgents and operatives from Afghan and Pakistani Taliban groups, the Haqqani network, Hizb-i-Islami Gulbuddin, and with support from Lashkar-e-Taiba and al Qaeda. The network is led by Dawood (also spelled Daud), the Taliban's shadow governor for Kabul, and Taj Mir Jawad, a leader in the Haqqani network. The Journal also stated that the organization is sometimes assisted by Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence agency.[14]

The ISAF believes that the operation was supplied by the Haqqani network. Ismail Jan, Deputy to the senior Haqqani commander, was killed in an airstrike in Paktia province which borders Pakistan's FATA a day after the attack.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "About 13 killed in Kabul hotel attack". Xinhua News Agency. 28 June 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
  2. ^ a b Maria Abi-Habib & Zia Sultani (28 June 2011). "NATO Helicopter Ends Siege in Kabul Hotel". Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Safeeyah Kharsany; Mujib Mashal (29 June 2011). "Manager gives account of Kabul hotel attack". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Associated Press (30 June 2011). "Afghan attack left mass of bodies at luxury hotel". Associated Press. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  5. ^ a b Derek Cheng (1 July 2011). "How the SAS defeated the Taliban". APN Holdings NZ Limited. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  6. ^ "Bombers attack luxury hotel in Kabul". CNN. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  7. ^ a b c "Kabul hotel attack: Nato helicopters kill Taliban". BBC. 28 June 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
  8. ^ a b Alissa Rubin (1 July 2011). "Reluctance to engage in hotel battle raises questions of Afghan preparedness". Fairfax Media. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
  9. ^ a b "ISAF: Haqqani network leader suspected in Kabul hotel attack killed". Cable News Network. 30 June 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  10. ^ a b "Afghan Officials: Kabul Hotel Attack Over". VOA News. 28 June 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
  11. ^ Barbara Starr (29 June 2011). "U.S. drone and copter, coalition snipers helped Afghans". Cable News Network. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
  12. ^ Farhad Peikar; Lianne Gutche; Rob Crilly (29 June 2011). "Barack Obama warns 'our work is not done' after Taliban hotel siege". Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  13. ^ "Suicide bombers attack top hotel in Afghan capital". Haaretz. Reuters. 29 June 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  14. ^ Roggio, Bill, "ISAF airstrike kills senior Haqqani Network commander involved in Kabul hotel attack", Long War Journal, 30 June 2011.